The Growth of English Industry and Commerce

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CUP Archive, 1938
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Table des matières

INTRODUCTION
1
HUMAN WELFARE
3
the formation of capital rendered it possible to give effect to these schemes
8
OF THE MERCANTILE SYSTEM IN GENERAL
13
THE REIGN OF ELIZABETH
20
evitable difficulties of transition were aggravated by the fluctuations of trade
21
choice of employments so as to favour rural districts and corporate towns
26
stimulated the coal trade which had been growing through the demand
28
to the nation at that time was disadvantageous to the outports which were
241
new processes nor of new implements had such marked results as
244
THE INTRODUCTION OF MACHINERY IN THE TEXTILE TRADES
247
clusive body through the first half of the eighteenth century The Turkey
250
machines for carding and scribbling and these had been generally adopted
253
frequent temptation to overtrading while Pitt used his power of borrowing
258
had been successful in both its objects for many years that of 1773
264
The Humanitarians and Robert Owen English public opinion
266

A Wages Assessments p
37
overcome The granting of monopolies began with mining and metallurgical
53
factor in economic prosperity and desired to relieve its burdens they were
60
tribute the burden of taxation and were not concerned to promote
66
development of English maritime power he went behind the work of naval
69
made deliberate efforts to foster native industries and granted patents
75
THE LANDED INTEREST
85
were chiefly of foreign issues and after the recoinage of silver it
137
monetary science and led to a clearer apprehension of the cause of
156
increased supply of silver available in the sixteenth century but it is not easy
164
population could be absorbed criminals and prisoners of war were trans
165
The Statute of Artificers In Elizabeths reign the rules
167
The Assessment of Wages With the view of providing that
168
from time to time discussions which throw light on contemporary social
169
THE STUARTS
170
The Regulation of the Corn Trade In regulating the corn trade
173
The Profit of the Plough and of the Flock The most remunerative
174
contrast between the high aims of the Stuarts and the notorious corruption
185
of the Crown The Portuguese marriage and the treaty with Spain
186
Company was founded to supersede the Hanse League in the Baltic trade
191
was difficult to organise regulation in the suburbs or to prevent over
199
Methods of Administration The starting of these distant
203
LAISSEZ FAIRE
205
English development was affected by the conscious imitation of continental
206
controlled the administrative system The legislative method of fostering
211
PRIVILEGED COMPANIES FOR COMMERCE
214
League were finally ousted from their privileged position and the Merchant
223
occurred in the local distribution of industry can sometimes be explained
227
The Incidental effects of English Rural Development on Ireland
237
Most of the evils which were brought to light had attached to cottage
270
liability and these were largely used for transoceanic shipping The trade
275
the African trade Several Companies were organised in succession under
278
Laissez Faire in Commerce The treatment of the recent economic
281
successful jointstock Company The enterprise was opened up by French
284
view of maintaining the quality of goods arrangements were made
312
to alien merchants to invest their capital and to come and reside
324
THE BEGINNINGS OF EXPANSION
331
trade underwent little change in organisation but was exposed to difficulties
341
the chief force at work Virginia and the West India Islands attracted
342
of the time chiefly took the form of reclaiming land from inundation
344
in Ireland was similar but the conditions were very different as the country
361
phleteers treated economic questions according to empirical methods
380
the progress of the country appeared to be given by the prosperity
386
and other countries seemed to be shown by the balance of trade which
395
PARLIAMENTARY COLBERTISM
403
new power over the plantations in a jealous spirit as they were afraid
413
PUBLIC FINANCE
419
CURRENCY AND CREDIT
431
which advanced money on more favourable terms than the goldsmiths
441
formation of capital there The Bank of Scotland issued 1 notes to
453
rampant The malpractice of the officials and the impoverished condition
471
for the employment of shipping the statesmen of the day maintained their
483
organised under Elizabeth and was developed by the establishment of
490
communication had often been projected for conveying corn and the
532
1
535
SPIRITED PROPRIETORS AND SUBSTANTIAL TENANTS
540
progress of improvement and enclosure put an end to subsistence farming
552

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