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with the last number in particular, respecting the recent proceedings of the Geneva Peace Society. Le Comte de Sellon, with that benevolent zeal for the good of man which distinguishes all his actions, sent to several of the potentates of Europe the Rules of the Geneva Peace Society, accompanied with a letter; by several of whom the receipt of the Rules was graciously acknowledged: and as our readers may be gratified to know, that the object of the Peace Society obtains respectful consideration, from persons whose stations have placed the decision of Peace and War between nations in their hands, we beg leave to refer to the last Herald of Peace for copies of the correspondence of Comte de Sellon, President of the Geneva Peace Society, with several of the sovereigns of Europe on this momentous subjeet.

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cooperate in advancing it in this neighbourhood by the distribution of tracts and such other means as may occur, disclaiming all political discussion as altogether foreign from its purpose.

3. On the motion of Mr. George Fox, seconded by the Rev. James Hargreaves, That the following gentlemen be a Committee for carrying the views of the Society into execution (with power to add to their number), either of whom will receive subscriptions, and give any explanation that may be required; and that all ministers of religion (being subscribers) be members of the Committee, ex-officio; viz.

Joseph Hingston, Esq. Mr. W. Burnell, jun.
Mr. William Collier, Mr. Thomas Cater,
Mr. David Derry,
Mr. William Kerr,
Mr. Joseph Treffry, Mr. Robert Bishop,
Rev. Burdsall, Mr. Benj. Balkwill,
Mr. Walter Prideaux, Mr. John Stephens.

4. That these resolutions be published in the Plymouth Herald, and Devonport Telegraph, newspapers.

Subscribers to this Society, of six shillings annually, will be entitled to receive half the amount of their subscriptions in tracts; and those of ten shillings, and upwards, will also be regularly supplied with The Herald of Peace, a quarterly publication emanating from the Parent Society, containing accounts of the proceedings of Peace Societies in this and other

countries, together with original essays, interesting anecdotes, and extracts from other publications, bearing on the subjects of War and Peace.

At this Meeting the Rev. James Hargreaves, Home Secretary of the Parent Society, attended, by invitation, and the following compressed report of the speeches which the Rev. gentleman delivered on that occasion, upon seconding the first and third resolutions, appeared in the same paper as the resolutions.

The chairman opened the Meeting by stating the nature and objects of the Society, and called upon the Rev. Mr. Burdsall to move the first resolution. 3 A

The chairman then called upon the Rev. James Hargreaves, Secretary to the Parent Society in London, who, in seconding the resolution, advocated the cause of Peace Societies at great length. The following is a very brief sketch of some of the leading topics on which he enlarged. He commenced by stating the nature and constitution of the Society. That it is not a political, nor a sectarian, but a Peace Society-that the object is to turn the tide of public opinion against war, and in favour of peace, by the circulation of tracts written expressly upon the subject. The speaker then represented war as a great evil in its origin, in its progress, and in its consequences-pointing out its sad effects and influences upon man morally and physically, upon the resources of a nation, and as precipitating multitudes of our fellow-creatures into eternity, in all probability, unprepared to meet their Judge. He then dwelt upon the desirableness of peace, and proved the object of the Society to be attainable, not only possible and probable, but absolutely certain; and that the means employed, namely, discussion, and the circulation of tracts, are adapted to accomplish the end. The Rev. gentleman next undertook to prove that the principles of the Peace Society, and the principles of Christianity, are identified. This, we think, he fully established by an appeal to the prophecies, precepts, promises, and doctrines of the Bible, and from the example of Christ, the experience and conduct of the primitive Christians, and from the very nature of true religion.

The objections usually urged against the principles of the Society were then stated and met, particularly that war was divinely sanctioned under the Jewish economy, and that the precepts of non-resistance, recorded in Matthew chap. v. &c., do not apply to public bodies, but only to individuals. These were fairly met, and clearly refuted. The Rev. gentleman here concluded

this part of the argument, and on seconding the third resolution, addressed the Meeting again.

He proceeded to examine the common popular objection respecting the lawfulness of self-defence, and of defensive war. Here we cannot give even a syllabus of what the Rev. gentleman advanced. He turned the question upon all sides, and met it in its fullest and strongest forms, both with respect to a personal attack, and national invasion. We must do him the justice to say that he did not blink the question, but clearly proved that self-defence is strictly to ward off injury, but not to return it; that there is more danger in resistance than in yielding, and more true courage evinced by yielding than by repelling force by force. He then forcibly referred to instances of divine protection when individuals and nations had placed an unhesitating reliance upon the power and promise of God. During the discussion many appropriate anecdotes were related. He next gave some account of the rise, progress, and number of Peace Societies, from which it appeared that the pacific principles are gaining ground, not only in America and England, but also on the continent of Europe. He stated many facts of a pleasing and highly encouraging nature, and concluded a long address, which was heard with great interest and attention by a highly respectable auditory, by proposing a few pointed questions as to the nature of Peace and of War.

Resolutions of the Leicester Society for the Promotion of Permanent and Universal Peace.

1. THAT a Society be formed in Leicester, to be called the Leicester Auxiliary Society, for the promotion of

permanent and universal Peace.

2. That this Society consist of persons of every denomination, who are desirous of uniting in the promotion

of peace on earth, and good-will towards men.

3. That no publications shall be circulated by this Society, but such as have received the sanction of the Society in London.

4. That every subscriber of five shillings annually, and every donor of two guineas, shall be a member of this Society, and shall be entitled to receive, within the year, half the amount of their subscriptions in tracts, at the average cost price. Donors of two guineas shall have the same privilege as subscribers of five shillings annually; and those of larger sums in the same proportion.

5. That this Society be conducted by a Treasurer, Secretary, and a Committee, which shall consist of not more than eight individuals, three of whom shall be a quorum, and that Mr. Candler be appointed Treasurer; Mr. T. Burgess, Secretary; and that the following gentlemen be appointed a Committee, with power to add to their number, agreeably to the limits of this resolution: viz.

Rev. J. P. Mursell.
Rev. Edward Webb. Mr. J. F. Winks.
Mr. John Ellis.

Mr.W.E. Hutchinson

6. That subscriptions will be received by the Treasurer, Secretary, or any member of the Committee, which shall be considered due the 29th of September, in each year.

Establishment of an Auxiliary Peace Society at Coventry.

Ar a Public Meeting held at the Friends' Meeting House, in the City of Coventry, May 28, 1832, the following Resolutions were proposed and unanimously adopted.*

of Societies formed in London and elsewhere, for the promotion of permanent and universal Peace.

2. That an Auxiliary Peace Society be formed in this city, to be called the Coventry Auxiliary Peace Society, whose object shall be to cooperate and correspond with the Society established for that purpose in London.

3. That no publications shall be circulated by this Society but such as have received the sanction of the Society in London.

4. That all subscriptions and donations, after deducting incidental expences, shall be remitted to the Treasurer of this Society in London, to promote the great objects of the Institution.

5. That every annual subscriber of three shillings or upwards, and every donor of two pounds or upwards, shall be a member of this Society; and shall be entitled to receive, within the year, tracts to the amount of half the sum subscribed. Annual subscribers of ten shillings or upwards, and donors of five pounds, shall be entitled to the quarterly publication, The Herald of Peace, and the half of the remainder of their subscriptions in tracts. Subscriptions to commence from the 1st of June in each year.

6. That the following persons be appointed as a Committee for conducting the affairs of this Auxiliary—

Josiah Cash, Treasurer,
Nathaniel Rowton, Secretary,

Rev. F. Franklin, ·
Rev. J. Jerard,
Rev. J. Peggs,
John Southam, M.D.

Joseph Cash,

John Dickison, John Phillips, John Williams,

with power to add to their number.

7. That the following address be printed and circulated in this city and its vicinity.

1. That this meeting cordially approves of the principles and operations Address of the Auxiliary Peace Society of

*The following Resolutions are inserted as they have been subsequently revised by the Committee of the Coventry Auxiliary Peace Society.

the City of Coventry.

A Society for the Promotion of Permanent and Universal Peace was established in London, in the year 1816.

The objects of this Society are to print and circulate tracts, and to diffuse information tending to show that war is inconsistent with the spirit of Christianity, and the true interests of mankind; and to point out the means best calculated to maintain permanent and universal Peace, upon the basis of Christian principles. The Society consists of persons of every religious denomination, who are desirous of uniting in the promotion of peace on earth, and good-will to men.

About the same time, similar institutions were established in the United States of America. These Societies have progressively extended their influence, and have numerous auxiliaries connected with them. Kindred socie


ties have also been more recently formed at Geneva and at Paris. The latter has taken the designation of the Society of Christian Morals ;" and states its object to be, to dispose mankind "to abjure all anger, all hatred, all unhappy dissensions-to love each other to treat each other as brethren, and to seek and promote peace."

Some persons in this city, entertaining the same views and wishes, have formed themselves into an Auxiliary Society, desirous of bending their efforts to the advancement of the same Christian and philanthropic objects; disclaiming all political motives and designs whatsoever. And they ask for the countenance and cooperation of their fellow-citizens of every religious persuasion. An annual subscription of three shillings or upwards, constitutes a member of the Society, and entitles to the excellent publications of the Parent Society, to the amount of half the sum contributed. Donations also will be thankfully received.

Subscribers' names are received by the Treasurer, Secretary, and the members of the Committee.

Account of the Rev. James Hargreaves' Journey into the West.

THE Committee of the Peace Society in London having been applied to by the Plymouth and Southampton Auxiliary Societies, for a deputation from the Committee, to assist them at their Anniversaries, which they proposed holding, the Rev. James Hargraves, Home Secretary of the parent Society, kindly undertook the mission, proposing to hold meetings in other places in the same route. He first went to Southampton, where he delivered two lectures on the 4th of April, a brief notice of which will be seen in the report of the Southampton auxiliary, page 360 of this number. From Southampton, the Rev. J. Hargraves went to Exeter, where he had a public meeting on Friday, the 6th of April, at Gove's Globe Hotel, the large room of which was crowded on the occasion. The Rev. John Mason was called to the chair. After Mr. Hargraves had addressed the meeting on the object of this mission, explained the principles and gave information respecting the origin and progress of the Peace Societies, Joshua Beardman, Esq., of Chudleigh, addressed the meeting, and the Rev. Chairman, in conclusion, recommended the Peace Society to the support of Christians of every denomination. T'he account of this meeting was published in Trewman's Exeter Flying Post. The Rev. J. Hargreaves next attended a meeting at Plymouth, for a report of which see page 361 of this number. On the 12th he delivered a lecture at Tavistock, and on the 13th at Devonport. Of these lectures we have no further particulars, than that they were satisfactory.

On Tuesday, the 17th of April, the Rev. J. Hargraves delivered a lecture at Bristol, a good report of which was printed in the Bristol Times, from which the following is extracted :

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A meeting of the friends of the

Peace Society took place at the Assembly Room, Princes' Street, on Tuesday evening last, when a considerable number of ladies and gentlemen attended. Shortly before seven o'clock the Committee entered the room, and the business was opened by the Rev. Mr. Winter, who said, whatever opinions might be entertained among good men, with regard to the extent to which their ideas may go as to defensive war, there can be no difference of opinion amongst all lovers of the Saviour with regard to peace, as being the principle of the Gospel. Jesus Christ came upon earth to promote peace and good-will amongst mankind, and this great and invaluable doctrine is promulgated in the holy Scriptures. It was much to be regretted that many persons thought so lightly of peace upon earth. Let us consider for a moment the terrors of discord, and warfare, and insubordination, as unhappily illustrated in our city, and we shall at once see, that as lovers of our country only, as well as our Saviour, we should endeavour, with all earnestness, to promote peace and good-will towards men. The principle of the Society, as far as he understood it, was, "do unto others as you would they should do unto you;" and he looked forward with confidence to the time when peace, and harmony, love and good will, would dwell upon earth, and when the reign of contention would cease. He had merely made these observations for the purpose of introducing the Rev. J. Ĥargreaves, the Secretary of the Parent Society.

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blessing of Almighty God. He had laid himself under some restrictions as to speech, lest his tongue might betray him into the utterance of sentiments which had best remain unuttered, desirous as he was to avoid all reference to politics. He did not intend at all to interfere with the powers and prerogatives of the civil magistracy, and he was impressed with the belief, that all lovers of peace, are loyal subjects of the King. He had entertained some doubts as to whether or not he should allude to a subject, which his friend Mr. Winter had so delicately referred to; it was, he would own, a subject of much delicacy; but he had been to the square, he had stood upon the ruins, and he could not help thinking, that had a love of peace reigned in the hearts of men upon that awful day, the mansions might now have stood erect; the torch of destruction would not have blazed, and devastation would never have done its fearful work. It has been conceived by many persons, and charged against Peace Societies, that they have the effect of unchristianizing many men. This is a misconception of our views; we object to measures, not to men. He had no doubt that many a warrior had the love of Christ in his heart; Cornelius was a godly man, and he had no doubt that Col. Gardiner was both a virtuous and a pious man. He attributed the love of war to deeply-rooted prejudices; to time-cemented notions; to antiquated customs and their influence. It was from these circumstances that Christianity, in addition to the divine principles which it had inculcated, and the barbarous maxims which it had subdued, had not expunged that great blot upon professedly Christian people, a love of war. Peace Societies are not political; they include no party considerations; they enjoin obedience to the civil authorities; they are not sectarian; Unitarian, Trinitarian, Catholic and Protestant, Quakers and Baptists,

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