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DUELLING.-On the 7th of September, Mr. Hedworth Lambton, one of the candidates for the representation of the northern division of Durham, visited South Shields. On that occasion Mr. Russell Bowlby, of that place, solicitor (who is a candidate for representing the new borough), made a speech, in which he described Mr. Braddyll, Mr. Lambton's competitor, "as a chicken newly hatched, which the pious clucking hen, Mother Church, was invited to shelter under her dingy wings," &c. On Mr. Braddyll's visit to South Shields, last week, he commented on the above offensive passage; a correspondence ensued, which ended in a hostile meeting on Thursday morning, about seven o'clock, in Offerton-lane, near Herringdon. Mr. Braddyll was attended by G. P. Irvine, Esq., and his antagonist by Capt. Bowlby, late of the Royal Artillery. Mr. Braddyll, after receiving Mr. Bowlby's fire, discharged his pistol in the air. Mr. Bowlby then stepped forward, and declared his regret that he should have uttered expressions painful to the feelings of Mr. Braddyll; and the latter gentleman, in consequence of this acknowledgment, declared his sorrow at having commented, in the tone he did, on those offensive expressions. The parties then left the spot.
ANOTHER. This affair over, Sir Hedworth Williamson called Mr. Braddyll a "nominee of the Marquis of Londonderry," and Mr. Braddyll charged Sir Hedworth with "wilful misrepresentation." Another correspondence ensued, and in consequence a meeting took place on Thursday, at half-past twelve o'clock, at the Hare and Hounds, on the Sedgefield-road, Sir Hedworth Williamson being attended by John Fawcett, Esq. and E. R. G. Braddyll by William John Banks, Esq. M.P., when Sir Hedworth Williamson and Mr. Braddyll each fired twice, and Sir Hedworth, sanctioned by his second, agreed to the following expressions, which were afterwards submitted in writing, and approved by Sir Hedworth Williamson :
"I am concerned to have used a term which has been offensive to Mr. Braddyll's feelings, and which has been received in
a sense in which I never intended it."Atlas, October 7.
In the first of these duels, after both the parties had risked their lives on what is called a point of honour, which requires an apology for the expressions that have given offence, a mutual apology is given by each party and after the second duel, a written apology is given by the party offending. Why might not these apologies have been made in the first instance. and so supersede the imaginary necessity of outraging the laws of God and man, by wantonly attempting each other's life? If in the previous contest the party offending had added to his offence the crime of murder, what satisfaction would this result of the duel have been to the murdered man? So preposterously absurd as well as wicked is the custom of duelling!
The following duel we give verbatim from the Atlas of October 21, including the editor's animadversions; in which we are pleased to observe an attempt to throw ridicule upon, as well as serious censure of, the custom of duelling.
"The following instance of gross absurdity is copied verbatim from an evening paper. What compensation can these idiotic brawlers make to society for this insult on the "intelligence" and "refinement" of the present day?-On Saturday morning, Oct. 13, at a quarter past seven o'clock, a meeting took place in a field near West End, on the new Northroad, between Captain Arcus, an officer on half-pay, and Mr. M'Donald, a private gentleman. The meeting arose out of a dispute at a tavern at the west end, respecting Colonel Jones, as a representative for the borough of Marylebone, who the captain maintained was far more preferable than Berkeley Portman, Esq. words arose which the captain considered to be insulting to him as a gentleman, and demanded immediate satisfaction, which was promised. Captain Arcus and his friends were on the ground nearly ten minutes before Mr. M'Donald arrived, on account of the post-boy mistaking West End-road for the New North-road. On his arrival the ground was immediately measured, and the hostile parties took up 3 x
their positions at twelve paces distant: on the signal being given they both fired without effect. The seconds interfered for a reconciliation; but the captain was inexorable, and demanded a second fire, on which he received the contents of his antagonist's pistol through the pistol arm, above the elbow. Mr. M'Donald immediately advanced to the captain, shook hands, and quitted the field with his friends. A surgeon, a friend of Captain Arcus, who accompanied him to the field, bound up the wound, and he was led off the ground to a chaise that was waiting for them, and proceeded to town with all possible speed. [What's Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba, that he should fight for her? The good sense of the people, the improved morals of the people, are bawled out at every turn. Who are these people who shot each other through the elbow by way of putting their shoulders to the wheel of their favourite candidate? They owe an immediate apology to the outraged feelings of society.]"
On Tuesday, October 23, a meeting took place near Sligo, between Mr. James Wynne, nephew of Owen Wynne, of Hazlewood, Esq., and Mr. John Martin, in consequence of electioneering politics. Mr. Wynne was attended by Robert Christian, Esq., and Mr. Martin by Captain Vernon. After an exchange of shots, Captain Vernon inquired if Mr. Wynne was satisfied, and being answered in the negative, the parties were preparing for a second fire, when Mr. Thomas Mostyn, the sub-sheriff, interposed his authority, and declared both parties under arrest.
Earl Brownlow, disliking some important matter divulged respecting his mandates by Mr. Pelham, he has challenged that gentleman, and accordingly a meeting of a hostile description has taken place, but happily matters were arranged on the field without bloodshed. -R. Ferguson, Esq., and C. St. John, Esq. had a similar set to at Epsom, on Tuesday.-No harm done.
A meeting took place on Tuesday, Nov. 13th, in a field near Bromley, between William Maltby, Esq. of Stepneygreen, and Captain Jackson, of the Tower Hamlets militia, in consequence of some observations made by the latter, reflecting on the character and respectability of the Mile-end assemblies. The former was at tended by G. G. Draper, Esq., and the
latter by Jessie Cullum, Esq. After twice exchanging shots without any injury, the seconds interfered, when the parties shook hands, and left the ground.
Mr. Blennerhassett, of Ballyseedy, a highly respectable gentleman, had taken the liberty of canvassing for Sir Edward Denny some voters in Tralee, that had previously promised to vote for Mr. M. O'Connell, who, having stood for Drogheda and Clare in the course of his brief parliamentary existence, is now up for Tralee. Although it might be considered by any body else that a gentleman might fairly canvass on behalf of his friend any portion of a constituency, Mr. M. O'Connell thought otherwise, and on Thursday evening, December 6th, drove to Mr. Blennerhassett's residence, where Mrs. Blennerhassett had been that day confined. Mr. Blennerhassett was net at home, but received a letter from his visitor requesting to see him on particular business. Knowing, says the Irish paper, that Mr. O'Connell could have no business with him except to insult him, he thought the less delay the better, and immediately apprised him that he would be at Berner's Hotel at eight that evening. At the appointed hour Mr. M. O'Connell, with two friends, entered the room where Mr. Blennerhassett was seated. After some conversation respecting the canvass, in which Mr. Blennerhassett declared his resolution to persist in the course he had taken, that gentleman observed that he knew Mr. M. O'Connell's object was to insult him, and as his visit had made Mrs. Blennerhassett acquainted with his intentions, he (Mr. B.) was ready to meet Mr. O'Connell in two minutes in the long room of the hotel. Mr. M. O'Connell appeared very much agitated, and left the room without saying any thing more. In about two hours after, however, he returned, and said to Mr. Blennerhassett, "I stated before that you were the only gentleman in Kerry that would act as you have done; I now say no gentleman would do so.' Mr. Bleunerhassett. immediately referred Mr. O'Connell to a friend, and the preliminaries being arranged, the parties met at nine o'clock, and after exchanging three shots without effect, the principals were taken off the ground by their friends. Atlas, p. 819.
On Thursday morning, Dec. 13, a meeting took place in Greenwich Park, between Lieutenant O'Connell, nephew
to Daniel O'Connell, Esq., and a Mr. Carney; the latter individual was severely wounded. The circumstances which led to the transaction are said to be these:Mr. O'Connell and a friend of his, on Saturday evening, Dec.8, were at a fashionable in St. James's Street, when they saw some unfair play practised upon a young gentleman, who had been entrapped to play by the black-legs connected with the establishment. Mr. O'Connell stood forward, and openly acquainted the young gentleman, who had already lost a very considerable sum of money, of the manner in which he was duped by the parties concerned in the game. Mr. O'Connell's exposure gave rise to a most serious quarrel, which ended in a general fight, and a challenge. The parties agreed, through their seconds, to meet at eight o'clock in the deer-park at Greenwich. At five o'clock in the morning, Mr. O'Connell left his lodgings in Beaufort-buildings, Strand, in a post-chaise, attended by his second, Mr. Cordey, and carried with him a brace of duelling pistols, which he had procured at Mr. Tatham's, at Charing Cross, the night before. On reaching the ground (a retired part of the park) at the appointed time, they found Mr. Carney had arrived with his friends before them. The parties fired, when Mr. Carney received the ball of his antagonist in the right hip, which it passed completely through. He fell to the ground, and was conveyed with all haste to town. Dr. White, of Parliament Street, dressed the wound, which, it is believed, will not turn out fatal. Before the whole of the parties left the ground, a policeman of the R division arrived, arrested Mr. O'Connell and his friend, and conveyed them before the magistrate. Mr. O'Connell was ordered to find bail in the sum of 5001. Captain Larkin, of Greenwich College, having entered into the required sureties, he was allowed to depart.
Without inquiring what business took Mr. O'Connell and his friend to a fashionable gambling house (perhaps it was curiosity, as they appear to have been spectators only), we cannot but approve of his attempt to rescue the victim of the black legs from their ruinous grasp; but his acceptance of a challenge from one of these harpies cannot be too strongly condemned. Duelling is indefensible in itself, and one of the evils attending it is, that it sometimes places the life of a useful member of society in the
same jeopardy as that of a villain, of a nuisance to society.
Of the foregoing duels, all, excepting the last, originated in electioneering quarrels, and to the disgrace of our country, in most of them we meet with candidates for seats in a Reformed Parliament. On this point, as well as others, individual reformation is much wanting. In page 508 of this number of our Work, is an article on Duelling Legislators, which contains some appropriate remarks; but effectually to wipe out this stain on our nation, some legislative restraint is necessary. Let the Reformed Parliament enact, "that any person who had been concerned in a duel within such a date, shall be disqualified from having a seat in Parliament;" and further, "that any member of the House of Commons who shall send or accept a challenge, shall vacate his seat in Parliament, as being thereby disqualified for the same." Such an enactment would, by bringing the custom of duelling into disrepute, be a national benefit.
We have always understood that dueling was prohibited by the articles of war, as well as by the civil law of the land; but by the following report of the decision of a court-martial which was held at Velore, Hindostan, it appears that in our dependencies in the East Indies, instead of duelling being discouraged by the civil and military authorities, it is enforced as a duty on the military profession; so that those who have sufficient moral courage to refuse conformity to a custom which is prohibited by the laws of their country as it is by the law of God, do it at the risk of being expelled the service,—a service we cannot approve; yet we heartily hail every advance towards more correct views in those who are engaged in it.
"A court-martial was held at Vellore, Jan. 9, 1832, on Ensign J. A. Crawford, 4th Native Infantry, for having "submitted to be called a liar by Ensign W. Lawless Seppings, of the same regiment, without taking any measures to remedy the insult." The Court found him guilty, and sentenced him to be discharged from the Company's service, which was confirmed."
Our legislature is imperatively called upon to inquire into the decision of this East India court-martial, and adopt such measures as will be calculated to check, instead of offering, a premium for trasngressing the laws of God and of
SLAVERY. We scarcely know how to select from the mass of material that lies before us on the important subject of slavery, and which particularly attracts the attention of the public at this moment. As slavery exhibits itself in its most undisguised features in the proceedings of the Colonial Church Union, and of the House of Assembly of Jamaica, we shall confine ourselves to these proceedings. The following extract from the Jamaica Watchman, while it fearlessly exhibits the sentiments of the free men of colour, gives a correct portrait of the Colonial Church Union.
Every real lover of his country must view the measures adopted by the illegal association, inappropriately termed a Colonial Church Union, with disgust and indignation; inasmuch as that association is calculated to interrupt the peace and order of society, and set the white and coloured inhabitants in opposition to each other, if not to involve them in acts of open hostility. This unchristian association, it is well known, is the illegitimate offspring of one who arrogates to himself the character of a minister of the gospel, and is supported by those whose lives and practices are opposed to the precepts and commands of the Founder of Christianity. The resolutions published by this notable and immoral brotherhood expose their designs, and show what the results to this country would be, were any so foolhardy as to attempt to carry them into operation. They proclaim aloud the moral degradation of their framers, and their anxiety, not merely to banish all dissenting ministers from our shores, but to eradicate religion itself, if possible, from our soil! But how futile is the attempt, and how stupidly do these haters and opposers of Christianity act! If Voltaire, with all his craft and cunning, supported by Frederick of Prussia, and an atheistical crew, could not annihilate Christianity even in one town or hamlet in Europe, is it not absurd, and a proof of gross imbecility and wickedness in those who compose the Anti-Christian Colonial Church Union, to think them selves equal to the task, either of banishing the dissenting ministers, or uprooting Christianity in this island! They clearly evince their hatred of missionaries, and opposition to them, by their infamous resolutions, and, like hungry blood-hounds, these pretended Church men would prey upon their vitals, and lap in, with the gratification of cannibals, their very heart's
blood. Fortunately, however, for Jamaica, there exists a counteracting power. The people of colour are the natives of the soil, and amor patriæ is cherished by, and actuates them! They are not birds of passage, migratory creatures, or needy adventurers; and, like the prototypes of the others, roving from place to place, seeking whom they may devour. And, although hundreds of them are not immediately attached, or do not belong, to any particular denomination of Christians, yet they have nobly thrown the strong arm of protection around the insulted, maligned, and persecuted missionaries, and proven that they never will permit the religious rights of their brethren to be destroyed-knowing that one innovation but leads to another, and the destruction of one right to that of another. It can be no secret to the unconstitutional and illegal Colonial Church Union, that the people of colour are determined to act on the defensive-they are pledged to defeat the purposes of the base-the iniquitous Union, and to maintain the integrity of our laws! Liberty of conscience must be enjoyed in Jamaica, notwithstanding the attempts of the base confederacy; nor will the thinking and religious portion of the public allow that liberty to be invaded with impunity. Church Unions may be formed in every parish; but they will be, they must be, met by a determination on the part of those who are not members of so unholy a communion, to protect the injured from further aggression. In this city we have no humbug, miscalled Union, and why? The reason is obvious. In Montego Bay, through the exertions of a high-minded and generous individual, the Anti-Colonial Church Union is in full vigour, ready to inflict summary justice on the violators of the law. At St. Ann's, the coloured population, goaded on to exertion, took their stand on that high ground which they ought long previously to have occupied, and immediately the boasting, but cowardly, pack quailed be fore them; and, dreading the infliction of that punishment which their infamous conduct so justly merited, sought for safety and succour in, and made, Falmouth the hot-bed of their seditious, if not treasonable, meetings; and there, and there alone, to the disgrace of the coloured population, do they now congregate, and publish to the world their own shame and infamy. Of the illegality of the Union, there can be no doubt. It has for its
can deprive us of our religious liberty if we quietly fold our arms, and permit this encroachment, an inducement is held out to some other Union, equally as illegal, and having in view objects equally opposed to the principles of the British Constitution, to rob us of our political ones. The opposition offered by the coloured population has rendered them doubly hateful in the eyes of the bigoted and illiberal portion of the whites; and that of itself will be sufficient to induce an attempt, which success in the one instance will seem to justify or encourage. It is therefore imperative on the friends of religion to watch narrowly passing events, and form associations for the protection of religious liberty, and the maintenance of the laws. Such associations are called for to stem the torrent of infidelity, and keep in check the banditti whose objects are pillage, arson, and tyranny.”
As a corroboration of the accuracy of these remarks, take the following facts from the Jamaica Watchman, of September 15:
OUTRAGES AT SAVANNA-LA-MAR.-We mentioned in our seventh number the outrages at Savanna-la-Mar, commencing with a ferocious attack upon the house of a coloured gentleman, Mr. Deleon, where Mr. Kingdon the missionary was lodged. The Jamaica Watchman of September 15th contains the following account of the continuation of these outrages :
September the 5th.-Warrants being issued against a great many of the Colonial Unionists, implicated in the destruction of the houses of the Deleons, Thomas A. Mitchener, George Davidson, and Thomas Tomlinson, were apprehended, and lodged in gaol. Several of their party being admitted to visit them, a tremendous uproar commenced, and it was reported that the gaol would be burnt at night. Between six and seven o'clock in the evening, Harry Dawson, the deputy gaoler, one of the Unionists, was seen armed with a sabre or sword, going towards the gaol. Shortly after, several respectable persons went in haste to the house of Mr. A. M. Touzalin, in the
Savannah, where the Deleons and a few others were at the time, and informed them that it was reported the prisoners, Mitchener, Davidson, Tomlinson, &c. would be let out of the gaol, for the purpose of joining the mob in an attack upon Touzalin's house. Messrs. Deleons and Touzalin said they did not believe any further violence would be offered to them, but their friends insisted they should quit instantly. They did so, and on their way to secrete themselves, they called upon Dr. Distin, a magistrate, and mentioned the circumstance; he said he would go to the Bay and endeavour to prevent the proceedings of the mob. The Deleons, Touzalin, and the other gentlemen had scarcely left Touzalin's house, before the alarm was given-"They are coming, they are coming. Mrs. Touzalin, after leaving her three infants with an old lady in the immediate neighbourhood, fled with her sister, Mrs. Aaron Deleon, the younger, into the woods, where they remained till a late hour. The servants fled also in all directions. The mob, finding the gates locked, were for going over them; but Mr. Thompson, a constable, having pointed out the unlawfulness of such an act, succeeded in preventing them. They went from Touzalin's, and, meeting Mr. Ralph Barrow, who was walking peaceably, they tarred him. They also tarred several other persons, among whom was a white man named Chemoney, who is now very ill in consequence. He is almost blind. Several houses were stoned. The glass windows of one of Mr. A. Deleon, Jun.'s new houses were smashed in, and the doors (which were handsomely painted), bedaubed with tar. The mob entered the house of Miss A. L. Bell, where were several respectable females, who fled, leaving the daughter of Miss Bell, a child: they beat her head against a part of the house. The house of Mr. Samuel Case (a respectable old gentleman, whose head is as white as snow) was attacked; he, his lady, a sickly person, almost bedridden, about sixty years of age, and their daughters, had to escape for their lives and remain out all the night. The houses of Mr. John Johnson and several others were also attacked; and, when the mob could not find Johnson, they entered his bed-room, tarred his chest of drawers, bedsteads, and sheets, and injured or destroyed whatever they could get hold of. In this mob were recognised Mitchener, Davidson, and Tomlinson, the per