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able advantages againſt ancient appears arts Athenian Athens authority becauſe become body called carried character citizens civil common condition confider conftitution continually corrupt court crimes danger death effect employed equal eſtabliſhed execution expected fame fays fecurity feems feveral fhould flaves fociety fome former frequently ftate fubject fuch give greater hand honour houſe human important increaſe induſtry influence inhabitants intereft Italy judges kind king labour land laws lefs liberty lives manner manufactures means meaſure ment moſt muſt nature neceffary never nobles obfervation object obliged occafion offices parliament particular party peace perfons perhaps poffefs political prefent prince principle produce proportion puniſhment reaſon receive regard render republic rich Romans SECT ſtate thefe themſelves theſe thing thofe thoſe tion trade uſe virtue whole
Page 125 - ... the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Page 94 - On foreign mountains may the Sun refine The grape's soft juice, and mellow it to wine, With citron groves adorn a distant soil, And the fat olive swell with floods of oil : We envy not the warmer clime, that lies...
Page 147 - But man has almost constant occasion for the help of his brethren, and it is in vain for him to expect it from their benevolence only. He will be more likely to prevail if he can interest their self-love in his favour, and show them that it is for their own advantage to do for him what he requires of them.
Page 123 - One man draws out the wire, another straights it, a third cuts it, a fourth points it, a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head ; to make the head requires two or three distinct operations ; to put it on is a peculiar business, to whiten the pins is another ; it is even a trade by itself to put them into the paper...
Page 103 - ... 4. Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to take out and to keep out of the pockets of the people as little as possible over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state. A tax may either take out or keep out of the pockets of the people a great deal more than it brings into the public treasury, in the four following ways.
Page 131 - In the progress of society, philosophy or speculation becomes, like every other employment, the principal or sole trade and occupation of a particular class of citizens. Like every other employment too, it is subdivided into a great number of different branches, each of which affords occupation to a peculiar tribe or class of philosophers; and this subdivision of employment in philosophy, as well as in every other business, improves dexterity, and saves time.
Page 127 - It is impossible to pass very quickly from one kind of work to another, that is carried on in a different place, and with quite different tools. A country weaver who cultivates a small farm must lose a good deal of time in passing from his loom to the field and from the field to his loom. When the two trades can be carried on in the same workhouse the loss of time is no doubt much less. It is even in this case, however, very considerable. A man commonly saunters a little in turning his hand from...
Page 45 - These seem to be the events, which are not very remote, and which reason foresees as clearly almost as she can do any thing that lies in the womb of time. And though the ancients maintained, that, in order to reach the gift of prophecy, a certain divine fury or madness was requisite, one may safely affirm, that, in order to deliver such prophecies as these, no more is necessary than merely to be in one's senses, free from the influence of popular madness and delusion.
Page 101 - Where it is otherwise, every person subject to the tax is put more or less in the power of the taxgatherer, who can either aggravate the tax upon any obnoxious contributor or extort, by the terror of such aggravation, some present or perquisite to himself.