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STATISTICS OF RELIGIOUS BODIES IN THE

UNITED STATES

THE tabulated statistics for 1915 given below were gathered by Henry K. Carroll, D.D., under the auspices of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, and are published in the Yearbook of that organization (d indicates decrease).

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NET GAINS IN COMMUNICANTS OF RELIGIOUS BODIES IN THE TWENTY-FIVE YEARS

1890-1915

Petg. of

653,592

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Gain

7,817,646

125+

Methodist Episcopal

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Southern Baptist

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Methodist Episcopal, South.

2,072,035

1,209,976

862,059

71+

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THE cards vary in size from about 4 x 21⁄4 inches to about 5 x 3 inches, and the type, of course, can be ordered to suit. The card entitled "The Win One More Fellowship" has a sheaf of grain filling one-third of the space in the left of the card. In the "Worker's Card" the words "Sister" and "Neighbor" can be substituted for "Brother," or separate cards can be printed bearing those words.

"Come thou with us and we will do thee good." You will always find a HEARTY WELCOME

at all of the services of

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The Young Men's Class of the Congregational Church invites you to hear an address on

"PRISONS AND PRISONERS"

Rev. Frank Fox, formerly preacher to the inmates of the South Dakota penitentiary, and for 15 years a student of penology, will speak on this subject Sunday evening, July 11, at 7: 45, in the Congregational Church.

Interest is generally directed to penological methods by the distressing tragedy in Joliet.

This is the second in a series of addresses on "Society's Claims upon Christianity." On July 18 Dr. Fox will speak on "Juvenile Lawbreakers."

Name

Address

Member of a Sunday-school Class (yes or no). Connected with what church, if any.

THE METHOD OF THE MASTER

A SERIES OF STUDIES IN
THE PRINCIPLES OF JESUS
APPLIED TO PRESENT-DAY PROBLEMS

This course will be conducted by Rev. Stanley Ross Fisher, Pastor of the First Congregational Church of Fall River (Mass.), in the Parish House of that Church on Thursday evenings, in February and March, 1916.

January 27-"A Definition of the Social Gospel."

February 3-"Jesus and the Organization of Society.'

February 10-"What Jesus said about War and Non-Resistance."

February 17-"The Moral and Social Ideals

of Jesus."

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Church Finance1

THE Christian Church should lay out a program whose ideals run far into the future, and work steadily toward the inculcation within its entire membership of the true spirit of giving. If this spirit is properly cultivated, we shall have an end of our difficulties regarding church finance.

Coming now to the methods and plans which should be adopted in the local church, I shall set forth a concise, ideal, and yet practical program of methods to which every church can and should address itself. It is applicable at every point in every church, even the smallest. The adoption of this program will produce gradually if not immediately a proper and successful method of securing and using the output of its complete

resources.

1. A spiritual vision and motives: every member abiding in Christ.

2. Every member at worship.

3. Every member a giver in accordance with 1 Cor. 16:2.

4. Every member bearing his share in church and world-wide work.

5. An adequate church budget, including both church expenses and missions.

6. A steady program of missionary education throughout the year with period of education preceding the annual every-member

canvass.

7. Annual canvass of all members of the Church and parish.

8. A system of weekly giving.

9. Two treasuries with two treasurers and two financial secretaries.

10. All incoming moneys handled in a business-like way, counted in the presence of others besides the treasurers.

11. Quarterly reports to the Church and to each contributor.

12. A proper follow-up system to secure the payment of pledges when due.

13. Monthly or at least quarterly distribution of all missionary funds in hand.

14. An annual audit and report in fullest detail.

15. Constant presentation of all missionary activities of the Church with opportunity for any to make gifts. No request for contributions, however, to follow presentation, unless after due consideration the Church

1 From Church Finance, by Frederick A. Agar.

specifically issues a permit for a special collection.

16. Christ-like determination not to harbor dead members lest they injure the whole body.

17. Every regular attendant and giver assigned a regular seat and expected to occupy it.

18. A record of the attendance of all members at the services of the Church.

19. Every member of the Church related to others in the body in some definite spiritual work.

20. Expressional activities provided to follow every impression.

Diversities of Gifts

As recently as February 10, 1915, there was organized the Vocational Guidance Association of Brooklyn, New York, the object being:

"To assist boys and girls, young men and women, in deciding wisely upon a life vocation; to secure for them proper technical and practical training in preparation for the same; to secure suitable positions, or openings, for the fullest expression of their several abilities in finally accepted vocation; and in furtherance of this purpose to cooperate as far as possible with all existing organizations doing similar work, and with all professions, businesses, and trades in obtaining for them young men and women best suited by natural ability or training for the position they or their representatives may require to be filled."

Something of the same sort has been proposed, and to a small extent attempted, in some public schools, the methods being to note mental indications of vocational aptitudes displayed by children and to suggest the direction in which educational forces ought to be applied. The prospectus of the Brooklyn association has in mind as the immediate objects commercial and industrial "efficiency" and "conservation."

These two terms have been much to the fore in recent discussion. Indeed so commonplace have they become that people are beginning to apologize for using them. But that we need them is proved by the frequency with which we hear that Mr. Blank is "a square peg in a round hole." What is meant is that, as at present employed, he violates the principles of efficiency and conservation of efficiency, because he can not do his best work in a position for which he is unfitted or in which he is not content;

of conservation, because under such conditions the wear and tear of human fiber is in his case above normal. Greatly to the credit of the founders of the Brooklyn Association named above is their recognition that inefficiency is waste and that this fact takes the problem out of the purely industrial and the commercial-where it is perhaps most obvious-and raises it to the ethical and religious plane, where it was poised by Solomon (Prov. 18:9), Jesus (Luke 15:13), and Paul (2 Cor. 12).

An amount of waste that is beyond computation is traceable to two causes, both eliminable-lack and misdirection of training. The remedy for these conditions is not found in nature, where prodigality often rules in a maximum of effort toward a minimum of result-thousands of winged mapleseeds fall for one that germinates; millions of eggs are deposited for every cod that reaches maturity. Since waste is now recognized as an immorality when it can be prevented, avoidance of waste calls for the exercise of the mental and moral faculties. Therefore, to encourage the discovery of the particular endowment of one individual among the "diversity of gifts" in different individuals, to assist in each case to its larger development, and to direct its application to employment that is productive rather than merely acquisitive are activities that should enlist the support of reformers and religious leaders.

"Service," says Richard C. Cavert, "is one of the ways by which a tiny insect like one of us can get a purchase on the whole universe. If he finds the job where he can be of use he is hitched to the star of the world and moves with it."

Prize Offer

FOR the three best talks or sermonets for use in the Children's Service of the church we will give five dollars, ten dollars, and fifteen dollars respectively; and for each talk or sermonet retained by us we will give the sum of two dollars. The number of words is not to exceed 1,200 and not to be less than 600. Only unpublished talks or sermonets are solicited, and they may cover any topic suitable for the Children's Service. While contestants may send several sermons, no contestant will receive more than one prize. A reasonable number of contestants is required to make the offer practicable, and no con

tributions will be returned unless accompanied with sufficient postage. The offer extends to the end of November, 1916, and any manuscripts not received by that time will be excluded from the contest. Manuscripts should be addrest to the editor of THE HOMILETIC REVIEW, 354 Fourth Avenue, New York, N. Y.

Summer Vesper Services at the Congregational Church

Wilmette, Ill.

REV. H. H. WALKER, D.D.

Sunday Evenings at Five o'clock June 29th-Athanasius; The Knight-errant of Faith.

July 6th-Jerome; The Enduring Gifts of a Contradictory Life.

July 13th-Song Service by Garfield Park M. E. Church Choir.

July 20th-Augustine; The Conflicts and Conquests of a Great Soul.

July 27th-Columba; Pioneer Missionary of Scottish Shores.

August 3d-Communion Service. August 10th-Song Service by Garfield Park M. E. Church Choir.

August 17th-Bernard of Clairvaux; The Model Saint of the Middle Ages.

August 24th-Francis of Assisi; How He Followed Christ.

August 31st-John Wyclif; The Scholar's Legacy to Nations and Church.

This card suggestion is sent by Prof. Walker, of Chicago Theological Seminary, and illustrates how he uses the material furnished by him in this and previous numbers of the Review. Size of card 51⁄2 x 32 in.

Sunday-Evening Services

RECENT Sunday-evening services at the Second Presbyterian Church of Knoxville, Tenn., Rev. Herbert Booth Smith, Pastor, have been made interesting by a series of sermons on "Hard Problems of Bible History; or, Scientific Confirmations of Scripture." Several of these sermons have been illustrated by the use of maps, charts, and blackboard diagram. Mr. Smith has found that there is a very real interest on the part of many people to know more about the difficult problems of Scripture. Among the subjects discust have been the following: 1. Was the World Made in Six Days?

2. Where Did Cain Get His Wife?
3. Jonah and the Whale.

4. What Happened to Lot's Wife?
5. Did the Flood Ever Happen?
6. Did Balaam's Ass Really Speak?

7. Did Joshua Make the Sun Stand Still? 8. Did Samuel's Spirit Return to Earth? 9. Did the Israelites Cross the Sea on Dry Land?

10. What Made the Walls of Jericho Fall Down?

11. The Pathway Through Jordan. 12. King Og and His Bedstead.

13. Who Changed the Sabbath Day?

14. Why Was Uzza Killed for Touching the Ark?

Another series of recent interest was an evangelistic series delivered on the Sunday

evenings of three months at the Queen Theater, the officers of the Church voting to transfer the evening services to the Theater for twelve Sunday nights in order to reach the unchurched classes. Among the subjects discust at this time were the following:

1. Some Devils That Need Casting Out. 2. Five Kings That Need Killing. 3. The Gold-Dust Fever.

4. The Man in the Street.

5. For Sale: Inquire Within. 6. Right About Face.

7. The Unturned Cake.

8. New Jerusalem and New Knoxville. 9. Three Crosses on a Hill. 10. A Cry From Hell. 11. Take Thee Much Soap. 12. A Sermon for Gadabouts.

MID-WEEK PRAYER AND CONFERENCE MEETING

July 2-8-True Nationality : What is the American Ideal?

This topic is treated by Dr. William Elliot Griffis on page 8 of this number.

July 9-15-Out-of-Doors Religion

(1 Kings 18:44-45)

Is it because there is less church-going in the summertime that some people seem to speak of the summer as a less religious season than the winter? Is it because there are fewer church "activities" than that we are less expectant of moral progress out-ofdoors than in the house? In my own experience summer is, at least for young persons especially, the supreme season of relig ious opportunity.

Psychologists who stress the recapitulation theory tell us that man has been a physical being longer than he has been consciously a spiritual one. They intimate that we do not get to the depths of the real man unless we dig below the spiritual and get to the physical. "The first man was earthly." And to-day the physical still underlies the spiritual, not necessarily to war against the spiritual but to be to it foundation and support.

Especially in the early years of life the physical and the spiritual are closely inter

twined. Dr. William T. Ellis tells of a Christian football-player who always said his prayers at night, but who made them so much a matter of course that one evening he was horrified to discover that what he was repeating was really his football-signals! I would be equally ready to believe that he carried his prayers into his game. The best college pitcher I ever knew told some of his mates, who were swearing when they went to bat, that if they would do as he didpray instead he was sure they would be more successful.

My experiences camping out with boys, seven in number, have convinced me of the peculiar sensitiveness of the young to divine influences as exprest through nature. I remember the very first night in my life that I ever camped out, being with some boys in a tent so crowded together on the straw that when one of us turned over he had to give the signal so that all should turn with him. I had intended to have devotional exercises before retiring, but the accident of some one's having put the lantern out with a carelessly aimed shoe prevented. After we had lain an hour and were all, as I thought, asleep, one youngster aroused and accused another of not having said his prayers; thereupon the accused, uttering a strong disclaimer of neglect, insisted on waking up the whole tent, when all asserted that they had faithfully done this duty, tho only the good Lord knows when or how.

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