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Just published, in One Volume, crown 8vo, with Portrait of M. Chladni and 169 Woodcuts, price 98.

SOUND; a Course of Eight Lectures delivered

at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. By JOHN TYNDALL, LL.D., F.R.S., &c., Prof. of Nat. Philos. in the Royal Institution and in the Royal School of Mines. By the same Author, Second Edition, uniform, price 12s. 6d. HEAT considered as a MODE of MOTION. London: LONGMANS, GREEN, and CO., Paternoster Row. Now ready, in demy 8vo. SHINAR:




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3RD S. No. 290.

Preparing for publication,






WM. BLACKWOOD & SONS, Edinburgh and London.



a FULL REPORT of this MEETING. A Single Copy sent on receipt of Six Stamps.

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FULL REPORT of this MEETING will be given in THE GARDENERS' CHRONICLE and AGRICUL TURAL GAZETTE of July 20. A Single Copy sent on receipt of Six Stamps.

Office for Advertisements, 41, Wellington Street, Strand, London.

Just published, fcap. 8vo, 5s.


"The author has done his work well, and his little book should be secured by those who would like all the assistance they can get in estimating, as they may some day desire to do, the influence of the Poet Laureate of Queen Victoria upon his generation, and of his generation upon him."-Pall Mall Gazette.


BASIL M. PICKERING, 196, Piccadilly, W.

Now ready, crown 8vo, cloth, 78. 6d. 448 pp. EPITAPHS AND MONUMENTAL IN

With an

Collected by JAMES BROWN, Keeper of the Grounds. Elaborate Historical Introduction by DAVID LAING, ESQ., LL.D., & Translation of all the Latin Epitaphs, illustrated by Twenty-one Views of the earlier and most interesting Monuments, occasional Foot-Notes, an Appendix of Curious Matters, and a copious and carefully compiled Index to the whole.

Edinburgh: J. MOODIE MILLER; London: HAMILTON, ADAMS, & CO. BOOK-BUYERS.-Rare Books, Curious Books, shank, and a singular Assemblage of Facetiæ, Jest, Wit, Trials, Songs, Ballads, &c. Send stamp for postage of Catalogue.

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Now ready, thick foolscap 4to, elegantly printed by Whittingham, extra cloth, 158.


NGLAND AS SEEN BY FOREIGNERS in the Days of Elizabeth and James the First; comprising Translations of the Journals of the two Dukes of Wirtemberg in 1592 and 1610, both illustrative of Shakespeare; with Extracts from the Travels of Foreign Princes and others. With copious Notes, and Introduction and Etchings. By WILLIAM BRENCHLEY RYE, of the British Museum.

"A book replete both with information and amusement, furnishing a series of very curious pictures of England in the Olden Time." Notes and Queries. London: J. RUSSELL SMITH, 36, Soho Square.


The Second Edition, 8vo, pp. 540, cloth, 158. MANUAL FOR THE GENEALOGIST, TOPOGRAPHER, ANTIQUARY, and LEGAL PROFESSOR; consisting of Descriptions of Public Records, Parochial, and other Registers, Wills, County and Family Histories, Heraldic Collections in Public Libraries, &c. By RICHARD SIMS, of the British Museum.

This work will be found indispensable by those engaged in the study of Family History and Heraldry, and by the Compiler of County and Local History, the Antiquary and the Lawyer."

London: J. RUSSELL SMITH, 36, Soho Square.


NEW POEMS by MATTHEW ARNOLD, late Professor of Poetry in the University of Oxford. Extra fcap. 8vo, cloth gilt, 6s. 6d. [Next ireek. LAURENCE BLOOMFIELD in IRELAND. A Modern Poem. By WILLIAM ALLINGHIAM. Fcap. 8vo, 78. THE POEMS OF ARTHUR HUGH CLOUGH, some time Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. With a Memoir by F. T. PALGRAVE. Second Edition, feap. 8vo, 68.

THE RETURN of the GUARDS, and other Poems. By SIR FRANCIS H. DOYLE, Professor of Poetry in the University of Oxford. Fcap. 8vo, 78.

THE INFANT BRIDAL, and other Poems. By AUBREY DE VERE. Feap. 8vo, 7s. 6d.


8vo, 68.

Poems. By SEBASTIAN EVANS. Fcap. 8vo, 6s.

ANDROMEDA, and other Poems. By REV.
CHARLES KINGSLEY. Third Edition, feap. 8vo, 58.



Works of ROGER ASCHAM. Now first collected and revised, with Life of the Author, by the REV. DR. GILES. 4 vols. fcap. 8vo, cloth, 208.; large paper, 30s.

Other Works in this Series on Sale are:

1. Marston's Dramatic Works, by Halliwell, 3 vols. 158.

2. Piers Ploughman, edited by Wright, 2 vols. 108.

3. Increase Mather's Remarkable Providences, 5s.

4. Selden's Table-Talk, edited by Singer, Third Edition, 58.

5. Drummond's Poetical Works, by Turnbull, 58.

6. Francis Quarles' Enchiridion, 38.

7. Wither's Hymns and Songs of the Church, 5s.

8. Wither's Hallelujah-Hymns, Songs, Odes, &c. 68.

9. Southwell's Poetical Works, by Turnbull, 4s.

10. John Aubrey's Miscellanies, 4s.

11. Chapman's Homer's Iliad, by Hooper, 2 vols. 2nd edit. 12s.
12. Chapman's Homer's Odyssey, by Hooper, 2 vols. 128.
13. Chapman's Frogs and Mice, Hymns, Musæus, &c. 68.

14. Webster's (John) Dramatic Works, by Hazlitt, 4 vols. 20s.

15. Lilly's (John) Dramatic Works, by Fairholt, 2 vols. 10s.

16. Crashaw's Poetical Works, by Turnbull, 58.

17. Spence's Anecdotes of Books and Men, by Singer, 68.

18. Sackville's (Lord Buckhurst) Peetical Works, 48.

19. Cotton Mather's Wonders of the Invisible World, 58.

20. Lovelace's Lucasta, &c., edited by Hazlitt, 5s.

21. History of King Arthur, edited by T. Wright, 3 vols. 158.

22. Remains of the Early Popular Poetry of England, edited by W. C. Hazlitt, 4 vols. 20s.

23. Sir Thomas Overbury's Works, by Rimbault, 5s.

London: J. RUSSELL SMITH, 36, Soho Square.

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tory of Elizabeth of Hungary. With a Preface by the REV. F. D. MAURICE. Third Edition, fcap. 8vo, 58.

BEHIND THE VEIL, and other Poems. By the HON. RODEN NOEL. Fcap. 8vo, 78.

THE LADY OF LA GARAYE. By the HON. MRS. NORTON. With Vignette and Frontispiece. New Edition, fcap. 8vo, 48. 6d.


1. GOBLIN MARKET, and other Poems. Second Edition, fcap. 8vo, with 2 Designs by D. G. Rossetti, 5s.

2. THE PRINCE'S PROGRESS, and other Poems. Fcap. 8vo, with 2 Designs by D. G. Rossetti, 68.

DANTE'S COMEDY: the Hell. Translated into Literal Blank Verse. By W. MICHAEL ROSSETTI. Fcap. 8vo, cloth, 58.


TOM TAYLOR. With Illustrations by Tissot, Millais, Tenniel, Keene, and H. K. Browne. Small 4to, cloth gilt, 128.

BY RICHARD CHENEVIX TRENCH, D.D., Archbishop of Dublin.

1. POEMS. Collected and arranged anew. Fcap.

8vo, 78. 6d.

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NOTES:- Manna, 41- Folk-Lore: Herring Folk-Lore — Ancient Musical Custom at Newcastle- Mid-day "Sticking"- Nose bleeding - Bonfires on the Eve of St. John, 42-The Rev. John Healey, Bromby, A.M., &c., Ib. - Culpepper Tomb at Feckenhain - Literary Larceny-"Lucy Neal in Latin-An Eud to all Things Cont Cards, or Court Cards-Letter from Kimbolton Library-Source of Quotation wanted - Esparto Grass - Emigration, 43. QUERIES:- Alfred's Marriage with Alswitha-Authors wanted Battle of Bunker's Hill-Inscription at Blenheim-"Leo pugnat cum Dracone"-Name, &c. wanted

National Portrait Exhibition: the Fortune TellerPoems, Anonymous-The Popedom - Portraits of Percy, Bishop of Dromore- Portrait of Mrs. Shelley - Solomon and the Genii-Sprouting Plates and Jars - Stains in old Deeds, &c. - John Stephens - Wallace, 45. QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: - Lucifer - Hops in BeerGideon Ouseley Birthplace of Cromwell's Mother Archbishop of Spalatro's Sermon on Romans xiii. 23 24th of February - Leasings Lewd - Quotation, 47. REPLIES:-Elius Donatus de Grammatica: History of Printing, 49-Cornish Name of St. Michael's Mount, 51 - Cara Cowz in Clowze, Ib.- Parc aux Cerfs, 52- Battle of Baugé and the Carmichaels of that Ilk, 53-" Manuscrit venu de Ste Hélène"-Palæologus-"Olympia Morata "-Bourbon Sprig - Highland Pistols - Robert Browning's "Boy and Angel:" Kynge Roberd of Cysille" The Word "Dole "Chevers Family- Johannes Scotus Erigena-Dryden Queries: "Neyes "- Laying Ghosts in the Red Sea Engraved Outlines - Bishop Butler's best Book-Family of De Toni: Arms-Johnny Peep-The late Rev. R. H. Barham: "Dick's Long-tailed Coat"Walsh of Castle Hoel, &c., 54. Notes on Books, &c.

Notes. MANNA.

Is it known whether manna is ever found to fall in large drops from the atmosphere? I ask this question, as I witnessed a curious natural phenomenon in the South of Italy, respecting which I have never been able to satisfy myself. On a scorching forenoon of the month of May, as I was slowly wending my way towards the small village of Scalea, which will be found on the northern frontier and western coast of Calabria, I was surprised to observe a number of large drops fall around me-such drops as sometimes precede a thunder-storm. There were no clouds, no wind; everything was calm, and the sun shone in unclouded splendour about midday. I was much astonished, and exclaimed to my guide, "What is this? Whence came these drops?" He at once said, without a moment's hesitation, and as if he were accustomed to the phenomenon, "It is manna." I was of course incredulous, and having much difficulty in carrying on a conversation with one who spoke the Calabrese dialect, I dropped the subject.

Afterwards, however, I found, on conversing with intelligent natives, that such drops of manna, or what they called manna, were not uncommon. They could give no explanation of the manner in which it was generated in the atmosphere; but they had no doubt that it was so, and it was

always during excessive heat that the drops were seen to fall. Of course it is well known that the woods of Calabria supply large quantities of manna, which is collected from two species of ash, Ornus Europea and Fraxinus rotundifolia. Is it possible that great heat may suck up the juice into the atmosphere, and that, being in some way condensed, it may fall in the way I witnessed? I found during my conversation with some of the natives that there appears suddenly at times on the leaves of plants, in a way they cannot explain, a kind of glutinous substance of a sweetish flavour, which stops their growth and is otherwise injurious. They call these leaves "foglie ammanate" (leaves affected by manna); and they speak also of "vino ammanato," from the grapes acquiring a peculiar flavour when covered with this substance. There is one shrub more particularly on which it appears, which they call "fusaro" or " fusaggine," growing luxuriantly in their hedges. It is so called from spindles being made of it, and is, I believe, the "spindel-baum of the Germans. I heard also that during the continuance of great heat a kind of dew falls, which they call "sinobbica,” but in what way it differs from manna I could not make out. Possibly some of your correspondents may be able to throw light on some of these points which I have


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"In India, and particularly in the country of the Prasii

(who extended through the richest part of India from the Ganges to the Panjab), it rains liquid honey, which, falling on the grass and leaves of reeds, produces wonderfully rich pastures for sheep and oxen; the cattle are driven by the herdsmen to the parts where they know quantities of this sweet dew (h Spóσos ʼn yλukeîa) have fallen. The animals enjoy a rich banquet on these pastures, and furnish very sweet milk (πepiyλúkiotov yáλa). There is no necessity to mix it with honey as the Greeks


of a tree "not unlike the oak, which distils Diodorus Siculus (book xvii. chap. 75) tells us (noλeiße) honey from its leaves." Can any of your Indian correspondents tell us anything about this tree, or confirm Ælian's account? Athenæus (book xi. chap. 102, ed. Schweighäuser, 1804,) quotes from Amyntas, the writer of an Indian itinerary, to the following effect:

"Amyntas in his first book, speaking of the honey from the atmosphere (depouéλiros) writes thus:-They collect it with the leaves, making it into the form of a Syrian cake (παλάθης Συριακῆς); some make it into the form of a ball; and when they wish to enjoy it, breaking off a portion, they melt it in wooden cups called tabætæ, and, after they have passed it through a sieve, drink it. It is much like diluted honey, though somewhat sweeter."



HERRING FOLK-LORE.-Much has been written concerning the folk-lore of the herring, from the time of Martin, who told of the King of the Herrings, to Mr. J. F. Campbell's "Popular Tale" of how the fluke got his mouth curled for sneering at the herring king; and Pennant has mentioned some of the traditions that were believed in relation to the migratory habits of the herring. These traditions are not unfrequently grafted on to the West Highland reverence for the local laird and chieftain, an instance of which is recorded in some "Reminiscences of the Isle of Skye" (dating to about half a century since), published in the Argyllshire Herald, June 1, 1867. The writer is speaking of the Macleods of Dunvegan : —

"I found that a curious tradition prevailed in the district in connection with the return of the laird to Dunvegan after a considerable absence, but of course no one is now found to attach any importance to the strange superstition. It was at one time believed by the people of Macleod's country, that a visit from their chief after a lengthened sojourn in another part of the kingdom would produce a large take of herrings in the numerous lochs which indent the west side of Skye; and it also formed part of the tradition, that if any female, save a Macleod, should cross the water to a small island opposite the castle, the fact would prove disastrous to that season's fishing."


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"THE TRINITY HOUSE AND ALL SAINTS.-Yesterday being Trinity Sunday, in pursuance of a time-honoured custom, the Master, Deputy-Master, and Brethren of the Ancient and Honourable Corporation of the Trinity House attended officially in All Saints' parish church Newcastle. The Rev. Walter Irvine, M.A. preached on the occasion. The Master and Brethren were received and escorted to the church gates by the church officers, Messrs. Hails and Renwick. A noteworthy 'relic of the past' in connection with the service was the performance on the organ (on the entrance and exit of the Master and

Brethren) of the national air, Rule Britannia.' The rendering of a secular air-even as an evidence of respect has been objected to, but Mrs. Watson, the organist, cites the custom of half a century, and the example, within her own knowledge, of three generations of organists in All Saints' church-illustrating the saying that old

customs die hard.""



MAY-DAY "STICKING."-It is the custom at Warboys, Huntingdonshire, for certain of the poor of the parish to be allowed to go into Warboys Wood on May-day morning, for the purpose of gathering and taking away bundles of sticks. This annual May-day "sticking," as it is termed, was observed on May-day last, 1867. It may, possibly, be a relic of the old custom of going to

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BONFIRES ON THE EVE OF ST. JOHN.- -The custom of making large fires on the eve of St. John's day is annually observed by numbers of the Irish people in Liverpool. Contributions in either fuel or money to purchase it with are collected from house to house. The fuel consists of coal, wood, or in fact anything that will burn: the fireplaces are then built up with bricks in the streets, and lighted after dark. I believe the custom is common to every county in Ireland, so I have been informed by many Irish resident here; and the only reason for the observance 1 can get is, that "it is Midsummer." I subjoin a short notice of the custom from the Liverpool Mercury of June 29:

"FIRE-WORSHIP IN IRELAND.-The old Pagan fireworship still survives in Ireland, though nominally in honour of St. John. On Sunday night bonfires were observed throughout nearly every county in the province of Leinster. In Kilkenny, fires blazed on every hillside at intervals of about a mile. There were very many in the Queen's County, also in Kildare and Wexford. The effect in the rich sunset appeared to travellers very grand. The people assemble and dance round the fires, children jump through the flames, and in former times live coals were carried into the cornfields to prevent blight. course the people are not conscious that this midsummer celebration is a remnant of the worship of Baal. It is believed by many that the round towers were intended for signal fires in connection with this worship."





On June 22 last, I availed myself of an opportunity which previous flying visits to Hull had denied of visiting this aged clergyman, now in his ninety-seventh year, as he himself told me. On presenting my card, after an interval of nearly thirty years, his daughter informed me that her father's memory had failed; and that, unless my business was urgent, be begged to decline the interview. I said my business was simply to shake hands, and say farewell; and I was sure that, if she named Clemens Alexandrinus, he would remember me. I was then immediately admitted. His hand, attenuated indeed, was cool and healthy to the touch, his dark eye bright and clear; he sat on a small elbow chair, and in a light coloured tight morning gown. I recalled many circumstances to his recollection-as his


approval of the laws and questions of a debating society which he allowed to hold meetings in the vicar's school: a sermon he published with the title "EIPHNIKON," which, being printed in English for want of Greek type, I had read as eiphnikon, and had applied to a clergyman who lodged in the same house with me and had been master of a grammar school at Leicester to know its meaning, which he could not tell me, but which I afterwards, on learning Greek, found to be eirinikon. The aged vicar repeated this word eipid twice, and said "Ah! yes, eipnvikóv." This sermon was said to have given offence to the Archbishop of York, before whom it was preached, as containing too comprehensive and liberal views for a churchman. I recalled Clemens Alexandrinus to his recollection, and the interview I had with him and my Greek teacher, the Rev. John Blezard, on the grammatical construction of a passage quoted by the vicar as a motto to one of his sermons, when they gave me some better insight into the doctrine of "attraction of cases of I alluded to the marriage licence he granted, and the name of my father-in-law, Major Jackson, R.M.—all which he bore in mind as freshly as a young man. The only point in which he failed, although I tried it twice, was the expression in Hebrew, "we are men and brethren," for I always considered him a Hebrew scholar. Rabbi Hassan, reading with me, always so spoke of his interviews with the vicar. On one occasion, with the aid of my late accomplished wife (a pupil of Mozart through Attwood), I supplied the vicar with the musical notes of the Hebrew accents, as chanted by Hassan in a manner which even the German Jews at Hull admired. The late vicar, for he retired a few months ago, was particularly interested when I stated to him the literary acquisitions I had made, and that I had communicated more replies to "N. & Q." than any other contributor. He would have arisen at parting, but I restrained him and said: "Nothing can prevent our soon meeting again.' He then replied: "I am happy to have seen you, and hope we shall meet in a better world."

Streatham Place, S.

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CULPEPPER TOMB AT FECKENHAM.-The tomb of Sir Martin Culpepper at Feckenham, in Worcestershire, has been subjected to worse treatment than the Porter monument at Claines in the same county, for it has been (as I am informed by members of the Worcester Diocesan Architectural Society) buried under the chancel floor during some recently so-called restoration of the building. The quaint inscription written by the Lady Joyce Culpepper, his wife, beginning

"Weep, whoever this tomb doth see,
Unless more hard than stone thou be,"

is quoted in Nash's History, but the Culpeppers have long been extinct in the district, and their property has passed into other hands. THOMAS E. WINNINGTON.

LITERARY LARCENY.-The authorship of a beautiful and well-known poem, entitled "Rock me to sleep, Mother," is now in dispute in the United States. Two persons claim to have been the author; one, Mrs. Elizabeth A. C. Akers, of Washthe eminent firm of Ticknor & Fields includes it ington, the edition of whose works published by written it in Italy in 1860, whence she sent it to as one of her productions. Mrs. A. claims to have the Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post. As published there it consisted of six stanzas. În a vindicates the claims of M. W. Ball, of Elizabeth, pamphlet which has just appeared, O. A. Morse New Jersey, to its authorship. In this pamphlet it is claimed that Ball wrote it in 1857, and read it in manuscript to a number of friends, who now testify to the fact. The poem as he wrote it contained fifteen stanzas, and is now for the first time given in full. Now, one or the other of these parties is guilty of a literary larceny, but which one is a question. It complicates this matter very much that both respectively had the talent to have produced this poem. Has this poem been republished in England, or is anything known of its authorship? It is a very remarkable case, and has any other like it ever before been known?



W. W. M.

-I copy the following from a penny paper called Pasquin, published in 1847. As only eight numbers appeared, it is perhaps as well that this "fly" should be preserved in the "amber" of "N. & Q. : "—

Carmina Canino-Latina Æthiopica. "Alabamæ natus sum, heri nomen Beale,t

Puellam flavam ‡ habuit, cui nomen erat Neale ;
Decrevit ut me venderet, quòd furem me putavit,
Sic fatum, me miserrimum, crudeliter tractavit !
O! mea dulcis Neale, carior luce § Neale,
Si mecum hic accumberes, quam felix essem, Neale!
"Epistolam accepi, nigrâ signatum cerâ,

Eheu! puellam nitidam abstulerat mors fera,
Nunc vitam ago miseram, et cito moriturus,
Sed semper te meminero, ut Hadibus futurus.
O! mea dulcis Neale, carior luce Neale,
Si mecum hic accumberes, quam felix essem, Neale!
(Hiatus haud deflendus.)

"Notæ, a Doctissimo Dunderhead scripta. "*Alabama. Regio notissima Transatlantica. Incolæ sane mirabiles sunt. Es alienum grande conflant, sed solvere semper nolunt. Libertatis gloriosi, servitutem sanctissime colunt.

"Quis fuerit Bælius, incertum est. Non dubito quin repudiator fuerit, ut Alabamiensis.

"Cave, lector, ne in errorem facilem incidas. Non capilli, sed cutis, colorem, poeta describit.

"Luce. Verbum ambiguum hoc est. Consule doctissimum Prcut, literarum et roris Hibernici peritissimum." JN. WN.

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