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JOHN DE CRITZ (3rd S. ix. 470.) I can find nothing in Flemish biographies or others (excepting Horace Walpole's (G. Vertue's) Anecdotes of Painting) about the said John de Critz, who seems, at all events, to have been very well off in the world, as we see he could bear without flinching a royal debt of 2,1581. 13s., "having been due vnto him a long tyme since in his Mat greate wardrobe." P. A. L.

COUTHLY (3rd S. x. 129.)-"Couth," in South Yorkshire, is used in the sense of keen. "He's couth eniff at a bargain," is a phrase sometimes heard. C. C. R.

PELL-MELL (3rd S. xii. 483.) - Your learned correspondent A. A. has indeed unearthed a curiosity. Clearly the 'prentice-box, or Christmasbox, was so called from piller and malle, spoil-box or polling-box, to contain the spoil or black mail levied by them. Mail means rent or tribute, and is mal in Saxon. It also means a spot, macula, mole, but the round tribute could hardly designate a halfpenny. Can Minsheu possibly mean that it is a box that "the prentices buy to put money [i. e. a halfpenny] into," &c., "à Gal. piller, i. e. pill or polle, and maille"? The words may be only out of order. Was a halfpenny the 'prentice toll levied? Can any archæologist tell?

C. A. W. The French expression describing poverty, of "ni sou ni maille," will help to answer the latter LYDIARD. part of A. A.'s query.



Men of the Time: A Dictionary of Contemporaries, containing Notices of Eminent Characters of both Sexes. Seventh Edition, revised and brought down to the present Time. (Routledge.)

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"We must, on the present occasion, content ourselves with adverting briefly to the curious and minute inquiry just instituted by Mr. Thoms into this tale."-Quarterly Review.

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"Mr. Thoms, the able Editor of that successful little farrago of learning, oddities, absurdities, and shrewdnesses. Notes and Querior, perhaps the one weekly newspaper which will be consulted three hundred years hence, has been trying very hard to get at the truth of the Hannah Lightfoot story. It is nearly impossible to prove a negative, and quite impossible to prove a negative about the secret history of Courts; but Mr. Thoms has certainly succeeded in raising a violent presumption that the story is a delusion, probably based on some intrigue carried on by one of the Royal Family."

Spectator, Jane 22.

"A neat little volume, in which the tale of Hannah Lightfoot and George the Third are scattered to the winds. . . . Mr. Tha ng has in fifty pages-readable and well worth reading-corrected the credati ties of a century's gossip, and contributed some very important historical facts."-Birmingham Journal.

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A. on Marquis D'Aytone, 65

A. (A.) on Birds, extraordinary assemblage, 319

Books, large paper copies, 24

Candle queries, 244

Evil eye in Italy, 317
Gang-flower, 375

Glass-cutter's day, 245
Half-yeared land, 216, 273

Homeric traditions and language, 268
Lightfoot (Hannah), 260
Notes from a sick room, 529
Nutting on Holy-rood day, 225
Oath of the peacock, 275
Old proverb, 254

Old sayings as to various days, 478

Rule of the road, 236

Seven bishops, 257

Stool ball, a game, 73

Thanet notes, 203

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Ussher family pedigree, 92

Walsh (Edward), M.D., biography, 415

Wolfe (Arthur), Lord Viscount Kilwarden, 86
Abjuration, an ancient form of, 225, 272

Abyssinia and its people, 300, 452; its royal arms
460; an heir to the throne of, 411, 443
Abyssinia, the district of Habesh, 186
Abyssinian tradition of a Theodore, 263
Ache, or ake, pronunciation, 491
Achende on brush, or pencil, 419
China, broken, 448

Stalactites and stalagmites, 344
Adamas on anonymous arms, 45
Stains in old deeds, &c., 47
Addington, Kent, its Druidic circle, 287
A. (Dir. S.), on dates upon old seals, 297
Harold's coat armour, 271

Addis (John), jun., on beauty unfortunate, 18, 114
Browning (Robert), "Boy and Angel," 6
Butterfly, as used by the poets, 119

Cap-à-pie, 136

Circular, curious uses of the word, 167

"Conspicuous from its absence," 119

Corsie, its meaning, 390

Dole, its different meanings, 117

Othergates, 140

Percy's fol. MS., ed. Furnivall, 376

Proverbs explained, 487

"Rose of dawn," 88

Sield happy, 305

Taylor (Bishop Jeremy), works, 404

Tomb at Barbadoes, 58

"Troilus and Cressida," 122

"When Adam delved," &c., 73

Wolwarde, its meaning, 524

A. (E. H.) on a curious effect of lightning, 224

Dolomite mountains, 310

Evening mass, 297
Gore grouse, 390

A. (E. H.), on Parish registers, their destruction, 500

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Posselius (Joan.), Apothegmata," 523

Pugin (A. W.), on the English schism, 484
Smithsonian Institution, 228
Solomon (Job Ben), 336

Ælius Donatus, grammarian at Rome, 49
Aggas's Map of London, 1560, 504

Agnus Dei found on the "Guillaume Tell," 6

A. (H. R.), on Beagle, a small dog, 199
Dictionary of customs, 234

Novel views of creation, 374

Pot, its different meanings, 275

Ainger (Alfred), on " Deaf as a beetle," 398

Pronunciation of names, 361

A. (J.), Peckham, on Nuremberg prison tower, 523

Sheridan (R. B.), 434

Alan the Steward, 129, 257

Alexandrine verses, 281

Alexis of Piemont, "The Secretes," ed. 1614, 389,

Alfred (King), marriage with Alswitha, 45

Alhama, the conquest of, 391

Alken (Henry), artist, 155

All-to as a separate word, 372, 464, 535

Almack's, origin of the name, 139, 179

Alpha on "The Constant Lover's Garland," 285
Alphabet, one for Europe, 17

Alphabets, primitive, 497

Alton, its discreditable fame, 373, 468, 513
Amberley (Lord), his travelling name, 263

America: centre of the United States, 186; its first
chartered town, 411; its three oldest towns, 147,

American episcopate, 284, 491

American navigation laws, 284

American Notes and Queries, 501, 531
Ampoule (Ste.), the Holy Vial, 149, 213
Ancestry, the pride of, 343

Andrewes (Bishop Lancelot), bequests, 393
Angelo (Michael), "Last Judgment," 15
Angelus bells, 18, 35

Angling, poem on, by Joseph Heely, 410

Anonymous Works:-

High Life below Stairs, 107

History of the Desertion, 435

Letters from an Armenian in Ireland, 225, 295,


Lex Talionis, 329, 404
L'Homme on Latin, 247

Modest Apology, 225

Liturgy on Universal Principles, 332

Liturgy of the Church of England, 1763, 366

Manuscrit venu de Ste. Hélène, 54, 276

Mephistopheles in England, 265

Memoirs of the Life of Parnese, 445

Our Zion, or Presbyterian Popery, 98

Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of the Eng.

lish Language, 24

Right of Tythes Asserted, 426

School of Patience, 309, 399, 463

Shakspeare and his Friends, 27

Sketches of Young Gentlemen, 130, 219

Sketches of Young Ladies, 130, 219

Songe d'un Anglais, 150

Summer Rambles, Studies, &c., 244

Vision, or the Romish Interpretation, 150
Youth of Shakspeare, 27

Anserine wisdom, 478

Antwerp Cathedral described, 328, 447
Aphorisms and proverbial sayings, 148, 338
Apocryphal Gospels, translated, 160

Apron, wearing a leather, a saying, 208
Archæologist's Handbook, 80

Archer (Rev. John), nonconformist, 109, 198
Archer (Sir Simon), birth and death, 205

Archimedes on two-faced pictures, 58

Archipelago, its derivation, 118

Arms, so-called grants of, 15, 259; augmentation of,

Arras, portraits in its public library, 455

Art Catalogue, 493, 517

"Articles to be followed and observed," 1549, 6

Ashley (Sir Anthony), first cultivator of cabbages, 287,


Anglo-Scotus on the birth-place of Cromwell's mother, Assembly room rules, 477


Colbert, bishop of Rodez, 397

Fisher family, co. Roxburgh, 292

Gib baronetcy, 274, 536

Hamilton (James), of Bothwellhaugh, 12
Home (Earl of), 231

Mercer (Sir Andrew), 252

Oath of the peacock, 275

Angus (G.), printer at Newcastle, 446

Animals, language for, 501

Anonymous Works:-

Albumazar, a comedy, 135, 155, 510
Botanical Ladder, 244

Caroline, "The Queen's Case Stated," 460
Chessboard of Life, by Quis, 7
Church Pageantry Displayed, 208
Cromwell (Oliver), “Life," 320

Dorking, a Picturesque Promenade round, 461,


George IV., "The King's Treatment of the Queen,"


Great Question on Thi gs Indifferent, 208

Asses in England, 373
Asterisms, works with, 372
Aston (Col. Henry Hervey), 220
A. (T. C.) on the bayonet, 365
Hakewell, (Wm.), MSS., 331
Flashing signal lamps, 363
Athor on Princes of Reuss, 305
Atkinson (J. C.) on brock, an insect, 360
Gabble Ratchet, or Retches, 328

Atone, or attone, its orthography, 337

Attainders of 1715 and 1745, 522

Aubrey (John), "Miscellanies" annotated, 306
Aubrey (W. H. S.) on Index to periodicals, 350
Law of evidence, work on the, 351

Australia, its gold, 522
Australian bomerang, 400
Author's favourite works, 523
Autographs in bocks, 126, 166
Auxiliaries, Georgian, 430

Avery (Richard), ejected minister, 413
A. (W. E. A.) on Aubrey's "Miscellanies," 306
Piozzi (Mrs.), three warnings, 482
"School of Patience," 309

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