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Master, together with the teachings delivered by him to the apostles and others.

NOTE 4. Thy good things: All men are naturally interested in gaining from life all which they find it possible to get; and the coveting of things possessed by others has been one of the commonest of the shortcomings of man during all generations. We need to give more thought to desiring and working for the truly fundamental things of life, and to the possible gaining by each man of the truly good things of this life to which each man is by right entitled. We desire social justice and equal opportunity for all; and toward this end there is much which the church can do for mankind.

NOTE 5. Ye have done it unto me: Christ, more than any other who ever lived, brings home to each one of us a realization of the necessity for our considering carefully our relations both to God and to our fellow men. Christ has done more, perhaps, than all of the other great teachers combined, toward awakening men to the truth of the fatherhood of God and brotherhood of man. The greatest duty of the church today, possibly, is to help work out ways and means for giving fair treatment to those who have been deprived in some respects of their birthrights and who are in one way or another individually or socially unfortunate.

NOTE 6. And it cometh to pass: Jesus told men that they could discern the face of the sky and earth but that they would not recognize the significant facts of their own time. Jesus knew men thoroughly; also, Nature in all of her moods. He knew that man is short-sighted and needs to be forgiven for a large part of the things which he does. As a genuine child of Nature, however, and as an interpreter of Nature to man, Jesus surpasses all other men in the wonderful spiritual lessons which he has drawn from the simple facts of the material world. Sun and sky, fig tree, grape vine, thunder storm, kernel of wheat, or mustard seed each seemed to have within it a spiritual lesson which he could draw out for others.

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NOTE 7. Is it not lawful? The original text, Matthew 20:15 reads: "Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own?" In the past two thousand years many new questions have been forced upon men. The economic problems of our modern civilization are ones which we ourselves must settle. Matters involving the finer points of property rights, wages, and human welfare, viewed in the broadest sense, are problems distinctly our own. In the earthly

career of Jesus he encountered no such advanced or difficult economic questions as we must face today. But he did show us the right spirit in which to face all such matters; and with his spirit applied, in a practical way to the solution of modern problems, all will be more easily settled.

NOTE 8. Those that sit at meat with thee: The original text, Luke 14:8 reads: "Then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee." Substituting the word respect for worship puts this quotation more in line with modern thought.

NOTE 9. And cast out devils: Devils in man are the result of negative conditions: and man has already wasted too much time in pondering over negative things. So-called devils must be educated out of man. Instruction directed towards making our domestic and economic life easier, better, and happier for each individual offers a real opportunity for the church of today. There might well be formed in each and every church some sort of positivist club or association which would have for its sole task the work of making the church, both singly and collectively, a greater factor in the development of more positive living conditions throughout all branches of our modern civilization. The devils of our modern life will be cast out in proportion as we educate man to change the conditions which produce wrong thoughts and evil environments. Surely the church has its

full share of modern educational work to do.

NOTE 10. He keepeth not the Sabbath day: The designation of one day in seven as a day of rest has been a glorious boon to mankind; but conditions change. The very progress and development of our own civilization is one of the means of man's redemption. For instance, today, we have our automobiles, the trolley cars, the parks, and good roads. These have broadened man's vision of the value of the Sabbath. We must keep them all, and find how we can harmonize one with the other, retaining, in so far as we can, the spirit of the oldtime Sabbath as a day of rest and meditation, while permitting Sunday to be as it now is, a day of recreation also.

NOTE II. Whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, the same shall save it: Jesus said, "I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father." Paul says in one of his epistles to the Corinthians, "Our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory; while we look not at the

things that are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal."

NOTE 12. Whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die: Many have been unable to understand the mingling of gladness and sadness in the Saviour's life. The true mission of Jesus was to show man that the grave does not end all. Men lived and died in faith, and went to heaven before the time of Jesus, much as they do now: but Jesus knew beforehand that there is a life after death. He wanted all men to know this; and he dared to show men, by the giving of his own life, that his teaching was true. Jesus was both glad and sad in this, just as we, in moving from one place to another are sad in breaking the old associations; but are glad because of the new things which we know will come through going.

NOTE 13. Shall reward thee openly: Perhaps one of the best evidences of Christ's practical good sense is the fact that he recognized that all men want some sort of return for the things which they do; and he made it a point to show that the things which he taught men to do were not without a sufficient reward. A fundamental tenet of the Christian faith is that the laborer is worthy of, and must receive, his hire. Christ has done more than any other to teach that the dealings of man must be performed in the open, and always subject to the light, rather than in darkness and under cover of darkness or falsehood, and that those who work for mankind must be rewarded.

NOTE 14. And all these things shall be added unto you: In the way of actual results produced from his own life, we are warranted in saying that Jesus is the most successful man who has ever lived. If Jesus were on earth today he would teach the same principle of holding first to the service of God; but rest assured, that in addition to this, he would teach the necessity of every man's being fitted thoroughly to perform some particular form of special service for others: for it is by serving others efficiently, that we best serve both God and ourselves.

NOTE 15. And all things whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets: Jesus was not the originator of the Golden Rule, but he was one of the few of his time who dared to preach and to live it.

NOTE 16. But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses: The Mosaic law demanded an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth and inflexible punishment for an

act of transgression. But John the Baptist, Jesus, Stephen and a myriad of other Christian martyrs have willingly sacrificed themselves for the sake of bringing into the world a new doctrine of kindness, forgiveness and coöperation among men. We reap today a wonderful harvest in this particular, because of the kindly spirit and sacrifices of all who have lived and died for mankind. To treat others kindly, and to forgive if need be, is one of the first duties of man.

NOTE 17. Then the Jews took up stones to stone him: Of all the cruel practices of men, surely one of the most barbarous was this Jewish practice of stoning outcasts to death. Modern men, too, at times, stone their contemporaries to death, only in ways different from that practiced by our ancestors. Newspaper type is today the most common missile used for this purpose.

NOTE 18. Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things: Men have been drunk these many years with a lust for authority, power, dominion or control over others. Governments, churches, schools, husbands and wives have all been afflicted with this same malady. It has been a disease which has been more than anything else a reaction of the race against the reign of kings and of all who would usurp and misuse the power of one man to guide or direct another. Fair dealing, courage and a constant consideration for the welfare and viewpoint of others should always accompany the exercise of authority of one over another. This was lacking in those who inquired of Jesus his authority to do the work which he was sent to do.

NOTE 19. Signifying what death he should die: Christ said, "And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying what death he should die." He tried over and over again, to show the disciples the brighter side of his own departure from this physical life. In Jeremiah 31:13 we find these words: "I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow." In no respect did Jesus show both the human and the divine in him, more than through the mingling of joy and sadness over the suffering which he knew was to come upon him. When he thought of the pain which he would have to suffer, he necessarily must have been sadly depressed: but when he thought of the beautiful outlook which his death would give to untold millions of others, he was able to forget the physical suffering he would undergo, and was glad in the service which he could thus render to all mankind.

NOTE 20. They loved the praise of men more than the praise of God: It is much the same today. Men are slow to learn that there is no justification in living merely for the praise of others. Real happiness can come only from an inward realization of doing things well. To live in conformity with God's law is the best way: for the laws of God are made essentially for the happiness and well-being of man. We might well adopt as our standard, the parting advice of Paul in his second epistle to the Corinthians, when he says, "Be perfect; be of good comfort; be of one mind; live in peace: and the God of love and peace shall be with you."

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NOTE 21. And Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him: In Matthew 26:14-16 we read: “One of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver; and from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.' Additional statements regarding Judas and Jesus at this time will be found in Matthew 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 22:1-6; Luke 22:21-22; John 13:2 and John 13:18-30. We need in modern life to take a strong hold on the positive facts of existence. Man will continue to find his life beset with trouble as long as he permits his mind to receive unresisted, temptations to do that which is inherently wrong.

NOTE 22. In my Father's house are many mansions: Man has come to learn in comparatively recent times only a few of the hidden, yet knowable facts of astronomy. Few men even now have any conception of the real greatness and wonderful beauty of the universe. Christ knew-and knowing, it meant more to him than all else—that man has a place to which he will go beyond this earthly existence. Death was to him a transference from one realm to another. The various planets are mansions of God; and in time we will come to know better, that the planets and the numberless outer worlds are not only the mansions of God, but that they are as well, the homes of our neighbors.

NOTE 23. All things that I have heard of my Father, I have made known unto you: Jesus is the most fascinating teacher the world has ever produced. In Mark 4:34 we are told that when Jesus and the disciples were alone, he expounded all things unto them. But the teachings of Jesus, as found in the Bible, are mostly in the nature of public utterances. It is our loss that we do not know more of the home

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