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by poverty to shed their last drop of blood in a foreign land, far from the endearments of kindred. A man, a reasonable being, a christian, plunging the bayonet, without passion, into the bowels of a man for hire! The poor creatures who actually do this (in despotic countries) are but mechanical instruments of knaves in
power. Their poverty, and not their will, consents. May Heaven's sweet mercy, then, wash off the blood-s.ains from their hands, and reserve its wrath for those whose thirst of power, which they never had a wish to use for the good of man, leads them to wade to it through seas of human gore!
THE eagle's plumes are brown or gray;
Sad is the dirge of howling winds,
Which Man, preparing to destroy,
Earth's bosom, ere it heaves around,
Since neither beast nor bird of prey,
Whence, Man! thy strange anomaly?
Thy lightning scatters ruin then :
Thy piercing blade extorts the groan;
The monstrous mirth of Men ;
Hadleigh, 3d Nov. 1821.
To the Editor of the Herald of Peace.
SHOULD the whole or a part of the accompanying Inscription be admissible, its insertion will oblige
J. H. C.
INSCRIPTION FOR THE TOMB OF
GUTHRON THE DANE,
In St. Mary's Church, Hadleigh, Suffolk.
Here oft, repentant of the erring course
O ye, who, mid the strife of battle, burn
Go, Stranger, if perchance to thee belong
That He, who bade them breathe and live, alone
Drake's Winter Nights.
HERALD OF PEACE.
TO THE FRIENDS OF PEACE.
UR readers, and the Friends of Peace in general, will participate with us in those feelings of deep concern and painful regret, which the transactions in Italy have excited. To the last moment we were willing to hope that the Conferences at Laybach would have received a pacific termination. It seemed in credible that Potentates, calling themselves Christians, and united profess edly to preserve the peace of Europe, should be the first to direct the march of armies against a peaceful and unoffending people!-Especially, that the emperor of Russia,-the patron of religious instruction, the friend of Bible Societies, and the protector of Christian missionaries, should lend himself to such measures! Alas! how have the Friends of Humanity and Peace been deceived! The love of arbitrary sway, a fear lest the influence of the Royal prerogative should be narrowed, and perhaps the secret suggestions of Ambition, have triumphed over the still small voice of - Peace. The Members of the impiously denominated" Holy Alliance" have sufficiently evidenced that they are animated by motives which have no sanction in the noble, benevolent, and disinterested principles of the Christian religion. The order for the
subjugation or destruction of a whole people is gone forth. The imperial, self-elected arbiters,-the pacificators of Europe, have determined that the Neapolitans shall submit implicitly to their dictates. A Nation, happy under its legitimate Sovereign,- tranquil under its established Government, and at peace with all the world, is to be visited with the vengeance of two or three foreign Powers, because from the palace to the cottage they have chosen to adopt some improvements in their political forms. If their enemies succeed, every nation where a particle of liberty remains will have reason to tremble. And who can say that England even, will be long in safety? Who can tell how soon the same authorities which have directed the invasion of Italy, will not order their myrmidons to ravage our plains with fire and sword, if, by the unanimous concurrence of King, Lords, and Commons, any measures of reform should be adopted.
We neither have, nor wish to have, any thing to do with the alleged poli tical reasons for this proceeding of the continental emperors. We view it upon the broad and immutable ground of moral principle and Christian duty-and feel compelled to designate it a most unwarrantable and
cruel act of aggression. We confidently anticipate its complete frustration; and have only to pray that it may be effected without effusion of blood.
But what is now the duty of Christians, and of Christian governments? They have it no longer in their power to prevent the commencement of hostile movements: That blessed reflection is lost to them for ever. But may they not yet stay the murdering sword? may they not strangle the savage monster War while yet in his infancy and heal the wounds already inflicted? The golden opportunity of preserving the peace of Europe from violation is gone by; but many an unhappy victim may yet be rescued from the brazen arms of the great moloch of destruction,-many a happy family saved from spoliation and ruin, -and the awfully demoralizing effects
of mortal warfare be averted!
Of all the countries in Europe, ENGLAND possesses the most powerful and effectual influence, if it could be induced to employ it. And are there no individuals of talent, energy, and benevolence, to rouse the attention of their fellow-countrymen to this important subject? We know there are thousands such. And we implore them to join their influence in procuring petitions to government, that it would remonstrate with the Members of the Holy Alliance, upon their present unjust proceedings towards Naples.
England, above all other countries, is bound to protest against the attack upon the Neapolitan State, for that
attack is aimed at a Co..stitution founded upon similar principles to its own-England, above all other nations, is bound to exert itself in the
cause of Christian Benevolence, because there is no other where the truths of religion and the duties of humanity have been so generally and so mercifully diffused.
We conclude with earnestly wishing, in reference to the subject of this address, that every believer in Christianity would impress indelibly upon his memory, and his heart, the Saviour's declaration-"Blessed are the peace-makers, for they shall be called the children of God." 21st March, 1821.
Defence of the Peace Society.
A Member of the Committee of the hands of a friend, a literary character Peace Society having put into the lation of Mr. Clarkson's "Essay on and a Frenchman, a Spanish transthe Doctrines and Practice of the Early Christians, as they relate to his friend a Letter, stating his objecWar," he afterwards received from tions to Mr. Clarkson's positions. As this Letter was written in French, and the citations from Mr. Clarkson, in Spanish, the paragraphs selected from the Letter for animadversion, by the author of the following Defence of the Peace Society, are, in justice to the writer, given in the language in which they are written. It is conceived that, to the English reader, the Defence itself will sufficiently develop the arguments of the objector.
SIR-AS your animadversions on Mr. Clarkson's work are an attack upon the principles of the Peace Society, I beg leave to submit for your consideration some remarks upon Letter. them, in the order they stand in your
qu'on la considére, est un grand mal, et 1. La guerre, de quelque manière
jamais elle n'a pû être regardée comme un bien. Tout les âges et tous les peuples en sont convenus. Les ecrivains qui se sont dévoués à célébrer les exploits des héros, au milieu de leurs chants adulateurs, n'ont pû retenir l'expression d'une juste indignation, contre cet antique et moderne fléau du monde. Depuis Homére, jusqu'à lord Byron, on ne trouve pas un poëme, ou une dissertation politique, qui la justifie, à l'exception dependant des livres sacrés.
uns n'est qu'une modification de la religion des autres. Les bases sont les mêmes, puisqu'elles reposent sur l'A'ncien Testament. Si, dans ce livre, la guerre est préconisée sans cesse, si Dieu même l'ordonne, pour les motifs les plus legers, je dois dire même les plus injustes, s'il se complait dans l'appellation épouvantable de Dieu des armées, si enfin depuis le commencement de ces écrits jusqu'à la fin, nous sommes épouvantés par le reçit des horreurs perpétuelles commandées et
par les ordres du Suprême Inspirateur de ces terribles pages; on damner la continuation de ces usages ne peut s'appuyer de lui pour conbarbares.
In this paragraph you travel away from and lose sight of the argument of Mr. Clarkson. But waving this objection, I answer, that though the God of the Christians is the God of the Jews, I cannot join you in the inference you attempt to draw from that fact; neither are you correct in the positions you advance. When you say that war is incessantly extolled in the Old Testament, when you say that" from the beginning to the end
excécutées Writers, who have celebrated the exploits of heroes, may, in the midst of their flattering song, have incidentally lamented some of the miseries attendant on war, but they could not condemn what they were in the act of extolling. Is not Homer an eulogist of heroes? Are not their military exploits emblazoned in his pages as objects worthy of the highest ambition? Does he not represent a short life gloriously employed in military slaughter, as preferable to a long life of inglorious ease? Such a poet not only justifies War, but excites his readers, who imbibe the true spirit of his poetry, to the same murderous deeds, as the path best leading to glory and renown. Alexander, Cæsar, and Charles XII. of Sweden caught the inspiration of the Iliad, and in their career of human slaughter we see its glorious fruits.
Your assertion, that poems devoted to the celebration of the exploits of heroes express a just indignation at their conduct, involves ideas so incongruous, that I shall not attempt a serious refutation of it. Upon examination, it will, I believe, be found that all the eulogists of heroes are inspired by a martial heroic spirit, and infuse the same spirit into their readers, whether they wrote in the days of Homer, or in those of lord Byron.
2. Quand Mr. Thomas Clarkson à cru pouvoir attaquer ce fléau, par l'opinion des premiers chrétiens à cet égard, il n'a pas considéré les réponses qu'il est facile de faire à ses observations. Le Dieu des chrétiens est le Dieu des juifs, la religion des
of this book we are shocked with the recital of continual horrors command
ed and executed with the sanction of the Supreme Inspirer of these terrific pages," you say what an impartial examination of these pages would convince you they do not authorize.
Turn over "these terrific pages as you miscall them, examine the characters they delineate, and you will find that the cause of the eulogiums passed on them is their worship of the one true God, in the midst of Pagan darkness, their faith in his promises, and their implicit obedience to his commands. For what military exploits has the historian eulogized Abel, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Samuel, Elijah, Elisha, Obadiah, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, and his companions Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. None of these were heroes.-And even Joshua and David, who may be called military characters, are not