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THE

BIBLE OF NATURE,

AND

SUBSTANCE OF VIRTUE
John Stewart

CONDENSED FROM THE SCRIPTURES

OF EMINENT COSMIANS, PANTHEISTS AND PHYSIPHILAN
THROPISTS, OF VARIOUS AGES AND CLIMES.

Ἵνα ἦ ὁ Θεὸς τὰ πάντα ἐν πᾶσιν.

Illustrated with Engravings.

SECOND EDITION.

Arey

WITH THE FORMER EDITION DILIGENTLY COMPARED AND REVISED.

Stereotyped by C. Van Benthuysen, Albany.

NEW-YORK.

PUBLISHED BY G. VALE, BEACON OFFICE,
No. 3, Franklin Square

Price, $1,50 single copy, $15,00 per dozen, 8100 per hundred.

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1

....

Lucretius,
Antoninus,

...

Cicero,
Seneca,
Xenocrates,
Plutarch,
Montaigne,
Epictetus,
Cudworth,
Gleig,..
Bacon,.

......

94 Allen,... 100 Jefferson,

O NEW YORK

PUBLIC LIBRARY 74941

ANTOR, LENOX AND

ILDEN FOUNDATIONS

R THE NAMES AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE BIBLE OF NATURE.

PART 1.

Ecclesiastes,

Christ,

Pythagoras,..

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251

264

106 Owen,

275

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107 R. D. Owen,.

285

117 Maclure,

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127 Wright,

315

131 Shelly,..

329

Wollaston,.

Fenelon,

Wilkins,

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134 Byron and others,....

337, 342

137

...

Ode to Ignorance,

343

139 Good,

145 Lawrence,

347

350

147 Abernethy,

356

149 Spurzheim,

367

153 Philips,

378

155 Gompertz,.

383

160 Hippobion,

395

....

162 Gray,

397

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164 Carlile,.

405

176 Free Enquirer,

417

177 Smith,

420

......

Helvetius,
Rousseau,

Buffon,..

Howard,
Pratt,

PART II.

John Stewart's scriptures,..
His Biography,.....
Moral State of Nations,
Revelation of Nature,.....
Essay on Materialism,...
Lectures and Discourses,.
Philosophy of Nature,...

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Πόλις και Πατρίς, ως μεν Αντωνίνω μοι η Ρώμη, ως δε Ανθρωπώ,
ὁ κόσμος.
M. A. Antoninus.
Democritus.
Τι γαρ έστιν Ανθρωπος, μέρος πόλεως, της μεγάλης και της

Ψυχης αγαθης Πατρις ο Συμπας Κοσμος.

μικράς.

Epictetus. Socrates did not style himself an Athenian or a Grecian, but a Cosmian, that is, a citizen of the world. Plutarch. Unus interitus est hominis et jumentorum, æqua utriusque conditio. Ecclesiastes.

Homo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto. Terence. Spiritus intus alit, et magno se corpore miscet. Virgil. Virtus est nihil aliud quam in se perfecta, et ad summum perduct a Natura. Cicero. De nihilo nil, in nihilum nil posse reverti. Persius. Non sibi, sed toto genitum se credere mundo. Lucan. The whole World is man's country, and humanity never wants materials.

Seneca.

The suppressor of a useful truth, is as guilty as the propagator of an injurious falsehood.

Nature is made better by no mean,

But Nature makes that mean;

Art does mend Nature, change it rather;
But the art itself is Nature.

St. Augustine.

Shakespeare.

Pope.

All are but parts of one stupendous whole,
Whose body Nature is, and God the soul.
Art is only Nature acting with the tools that she has

D'Holback.

made. The greatest good, of the greatest number, for the greatest length of time. Bentham. My country is the World, my religion is to do good. Paine, Action and reaction are equal in the moral as in the natural world. Clarkson. Le triomphe de la lumière sera toujours favorable à la grandeur et à l'amélioration de l'espèce humaine.

Mme de Stael. Nulle erreur ne peut être utile, comme nulle vérité ne peut nuire. De Maistre.

Il n'y a dans la Nature ni nobles, ni parias; ni maîtres ni esclaves; ni Français, ni Allemands, ni Anglais: il y a des hommes! Notre âme embrasse le monde, et s'élance encore au-delà. L. Aime-Martin.

[Bible means book, Scripture means writing; Nature, the aggregate of things and their powers. This Bible of Nature concentrates the rays of some of the chief mental and moral lights of the world. Its various themes are not limited to times, persons, or places, but are of general utility and application; including nearly every important branch of morals, and of reform in the inequalities arising from birth, sex, wealth, faith, race, caste, and color. Little is introduced of technical science or literature; works on these subjects abound, and they are merely subsidiary to the great cause of freedom and happiness.

Selections only, have been made from each author, and to avoid repetition the word "from" is omitted at the title of each piece. Those from living writers are rare and brief. In a few instances verbal alterations have been deemed necessary; the words in brackets [] throughout are additions. John Stewart's writings are extensively introduced, being less known and accessible than the others, and also more original and important. The order is mainly chronological. Reference may be made to Combe's Moral Philosophy, Torrey's Moral Instructor, Branagan's Beauties of Philanthropy, the Spirit of Humanity, and Legion of Liberty, for more ample views of these respective topics.

This compilation, chiefly from scarce and valuable - works, will be useful as a book of reference for facts and arguments on its various important subjects. If its facts are assumptions let them be disproved, if its arguments are fallacious let them be refuted. The stereotype plates will be sold at cost, or gratuitously loaned to any liberal publisher. The price is moderate to enable all to obtain a copy, and those who are able to purchase a number for circulation. Should this work receive encouragement, a new edition will contain additions from Confucius, Epictetus, Averroes, Spinoza's Ethics, D'Holbach's System of Nature, Voltaire's Dictionary, Hume's Essays, Gibbon, Toulmin's Eternity of the Universe, Bentham, a translation of Aime Martin, Liebig, Combe, Strauss, the Modern German Philosophers, Chamber's Vestiges, &c., with some new engravings.]

Generation passeth away, and generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever. The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose. The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north it whirleth about continually; and the wind returneth again according to his circuits. All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full: unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again. The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done, is that which shall be done: and no new thing under the sun. No remembrance of former things; neither shall there be any remembrance of things that are to come with those that shall come after.

I know that there is no good in them, but for a man to rejoice, and to do good in his life. And also that every man should eat and drink, and enjoy the good of all his labor, it is the gift of God.

I said in mine heart concerning the estate of the sons of men, that God might manifest them, and that they might see that they themselves are beasts. For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no pre-eminence above a beast: for all is vanity. All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again. Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth? Wherefore I perceive that there is nothing better, than that a man should rejoice in his own works; for that is his portion; for who shall bring him to see what shall be after him?

Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity. Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom in the grave, whither thou goest.

The race is not to the swift, neither yet bread to the wise, derstanding, nor yet favor to chance happeneth to them all.

nor the battle to the strong, nor yet riches to men of unmen of skill; but time and

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