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de lis, and a very beautiful tablet or triptych enamelled on the outside, and within it a most exquisite sculpture in ivory of our Lord's Passion. For the adornment of the altars were frontals and rere-dosses of velvet, tussey, camlet, tewke, baudkin, and damask, in colours of white, black, green, red, and blue. All these were richly ornamented with orfrays, and pearls; and figures of angels, lilies and roses, antelopes, peacocks, and the arms of the Founder, embroidered in gold and colours. A frontal and dorsal of white and red panes decorated the High Altar on Sundays; whilst hangings of red colour adorned the Holy Sepulchre at Easter.

We find also for the necessary use of the PriestFellows and Chaplains, more than one hundred chasubles of the richest make and colour, all probably similar in shape to the old English vestments which adorn the sculptured figures of ecclesiastical monuments. On one of these was embroidered in orfrays, Orate pro animá Mri Tybarde, who had been President from 1458 to 1480; on another, Orate pro animá Johannis Franke. Amongst these were probably preserved the royal present of two sets of vestments for Priest, Deacon, and Sub-Deacon, which King Richard the Second offered to the Chapel of St. John, when he visited the ancient Hospital in person on the Vigil of St. Margaret in 1396. There were also a hundred and fifty copes of various colours; six standards (vexilla) of the Holy Trinity, St. George,

b Memorandum quod anno Domini millesimo ccemo nonagesimo sexto circa finem, Sancte Margarete vigiliis, Dnus Rex Ricardus Secundus de Wodestoke veniens usque Wyndesoriam, Fratre Ricardo Tywe, tunc istius hospitalis magistro, cum suis fratribus processionaliter obviam dicto Dno Regi precedentibus, post multas de statu istius hospitalis interrogationes, in sui memoriam contulit hospitali prædicto unum par vestimentorum pro Sacerdote, Diacono, et Subdiacono cum ипа сара, que Dnus Ricardus Clifford tunc prædicti Dni Regis Wardroper in die Paschatis proxime secuti huc per Willielmum Southam misit, quæ et in crastino et in Sabbato Sancto apud Abingdon ab Abbate ibidem fuerunt benedicta. Liber Hospitalis, fol. 9.

St. Nicholas, St. Mary Magdalen, and of the Salutation and Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, besides two large processional streamers, and nine small flags for the decoration of the Paschal candle. Tunicles, maniples, veils, canopies, corporal-cases, palls, and other Ecclesiastical articles, appear in sufficient profusion.

Nor should we forget certain Episcopal vestures; portions of which, with the fragment of a chasuble traditionally reported to have been worn by our pious. and most munificent Founder, are still preserved with reverent attention within the College, which his bounty reared. One of his mitres, and a pastoral staff, which were probably brought from Waltham after his decease, were seized upon and carried away from the muniment room, by Colonel Kelsey and his myrmidons, during the great Rebellion. An attempt to recover the mitre by law proceedings, after the Restoration, seems to have been unsuccessful'.

The Chapel is supposed to have been finished in the year 1480. There is no account extant of the day on which the consecration took place, or of the circumstances connected with the ceremonial; but the Society observed in after times the second day of October as the Festum Dedicationis Templi, and in the seventeenth century, it was observed on the Sunday after Michaelmas.

One President mentions this latter fact in a note book. "A.D. 1685-6, Feb. 2. I called the officers to my lodgings to consider of a way to celebrate the King's Inauguration Day, being the 6th of February following. I proposed

* See Inventory, p. 256.

a Chandler, p. 227.

"The Founder of Magdalen his crozier and mitre taken away out of the Treasury of Magdalen by the Presbyterians, and Colonel Kelsey countenancing them." Wood's notes on Oxford in Hearne's Liber Niger Scaccarii, vol. ii. p. 574.

f Lib. Comp. 1662. Sol. Mro. Chyles pro causa mitræ £2. 10s.

to them the transferring of the gaudy-day, which used to be the Sunday after Michaelmas, called the Dedication, to the 6th of February, which was agreed upon by all of them unanimously, and was accordingly observed with bonfire in the quadrangle at night, &c." Ms. Clerke.

About the time that the Chapel was finished, the Founder promulgated a code of laws, in which directions for the daily celebration of divine worship were prominently set forth. Dedicating his College in the name of the holy and undivided Trinity, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; in the name of the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Mary Magdalen, St. John the Baptist; in the name also of the glorious Confessor St. Swithin, and all the Patron Saints of his Cathedral at Winchester; for the support of poor and indigent Clerks, to the increase of the liberal arts, sciences, and faculties; he founded it especially ad laudem, gloriam, et honorem Nominis Crucifixi, et omnium Sanctorum præmissorum; sustentationem et exaltationem fidei Christiana; Ecclesiæ profectum; Divinique cultus augmentum. His regulations for carrying into effect these latter purposes were as follows:

"That the divine offices in the Chapel of our College daily, by God's grace, devotius et honestius ac profectius compleantur et fiant, we will that there be twelve Ministers of the Altar and Chapel deservientes quotidie in eadem: of these, four are to be Priests, and eight are to be Clerks, of sufficient and competent literature, well-conditioned, and of honest conversation: and such Priests and Clerks are to have competent voices, and be well or at least competently instructed in singing and reading. The said Priests are to receive for their annual stipend four marks sterling each, and a table of their own, and the same allocation as the b Ibid. p. 23.

8 Statuta, p. 1.

Fellows. Moreover our will is, that whosoever of the Chaplains shall be deputed by the President to the office of Sacristan or Cantori, shall humbly undertake that office, and in no wise decline it; and, having effectually discharged either of these offices, he shall receive thirteen shillings and fourpence for the same.

"Every Clerk shall receive for his stipend twenty shillings. Moreover our pleasure is, that if any of the Priest-Chaplains or Clerks be sufficiently informed in singing to be able to teach the Choristers plain song and other kinds of singing, then the President shall hire him to instruct them in the best way that he can: but if none of the Chaplains or Clerks volunteer to accept this office, then shall the President hire some extraneous person aptum et idoneum, and make agreement with him for his stipend and commons. We will moreover, that if no one of the Fellows or Scholars be willing to assume the charge of celebrating the Mass of the Blessed Virgin for the accustomed salary, six and twenty shillings and eight-pence shall be divided amongst the four Chaplains over and above their stipend for undertaking the same, that the said Mass may be devoutly celebrated every day in all future times.

"We also ordain, that all the Priests and Clerks of the Chapel shall swear that they in no wise will reveal the secrets of the College; and if they should happen to know of any danger, damage, or loss, likely to befall the College, they shall make it known to the President, VicePresident, and other officers, as soon as possible. More

i Cantor est, qui cantui præest: ejus officium est examinare cantum et cantores; atque videre, ut omnes in choro justa modulatione concinant; assignare quid quisque cantet; atque facere, ut pro varietate dierum et festorum varii et idonei cantus observentur. Appendix to Dugdale's History of St. Paul's Cathedral, p. 28.

k Statuta, p. 26.

over, each of the Priests shall swear at the time of his admission, that he will give warning to the President or Vice-President of his intention to withdraw, four months before such removal, so that without loss of time another suitable and proper Priest may be provided for the laudable performance of Divine Service in due season.

"In like manner, inasmuch as according to the authorities it is easier to pull down than to build up, and because it often happens that the structures, which a Founder has erected carefully and durably to the honour of God, are recklessly allowed by the negligence of his successors to fall to decay, we specially enjoin, that the Chapel, Hall, and other buildings, by God's help laboriously raised at our expense, be for the future in walls, roofs, and other portions, kept sufficiently and properly in repair. And because the House of God demands unusual care and comeliness, we enact, that, for the repairs of the Chapel or Hall which may be immediately necessary, two pence every week be reserved from the allocation of each person, and applied to such reparations until they are completed. And we will that the President, Vice-President, Deans, and Bursars, and other Fellows, be bound faithfully, in virtue of their oath, to observe and enforce this Statute.

"In like manner we ordain", that the President have preeminence and authority over the Ministers of the Altar, namely, the Chaplains and Clerks, who are bound to officiate in the divine offices of the Chapel. And that he do order and govern them according to the Statutes in such case promulgated by us. And we will that the admission and dismissal of the Chaplains, Clerks, and Choristers, shall belong to the President, and in his absence to the Vice-President.

1 Statuta, p. 28.

Ibid. p. 38.

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