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In 1658, (Oct. 14,) Dr. Goodwyn, the President, presented to Richard Cromwell, now Protector, an Address in the name of his congregation at Oxford, and, in a speech before him, represented their humble acknowledgment and most affectionate duty P.

In 1659, signs of an approaching change appear. Thomas Peirce, who had been ejected from his Fellowship in 1648, was appointed Prælector of Theology in the room of James Baron, who had resigned that office. The spur-royals, which had been stolen from the Muniment Tower in 1649, were for the most part restored by those who had shared the spoil, as if anticipating by a show of honesty the time when they should be called to account. The reign in fact of the Presbyterians and Independents was now nearly over. Notwithstanding, however, Heylyn's accusation, that for their own profit they had "abolished the alms-basket, and suppressed many gaudies and pie-gaudies, to the destruction of the hospitality and charity of the noble Foundation; and that they had even deprived the Demies and Choristers, whose dinners were too small before, of that unlimited allowance of bread and beer, which of old they had, reducing them at first to an allowance of two shillings. and sixpence by the week, and afterwards retrenching that to two shillings only;" it must fairly be allowed, that during the Presidentships of Wilkinson and Goodwin, some very able and good men of their party were introduced into the College in every department. Of the Choristers, Clerks, and Chaplains, during that period, we have already given an account. A majority of the Demies so introduced became eventually conformists. Amongst those who did not follow their example were William Goffe, Thomas Pinkney, John Harding, Theophilus Gale, Samuel Blower, Thomas Crittenden, Thomas

P Annals, A.D. 1658.

4 Certamen Epistolare, p. 136.

Palmer, Gracious Franklyn, William Hodges, Richard Avery, and Humphrey Gunter, all of whom were ejected from various benefices on St. Bartholomew's day, 1656, and find a niche in the temple raised to their memory by Edmund Calamy. Of the Fellows, who retained their opinions and lost their places, the principal were, Francis Barksdale, Joshua Cross, James Baron, George Sikes, Christian Ravis, Henry Hickman, Henry Wilkinson, James Ashurst, Thomas Jeanes, Thomas Dawson, Zachary Mayne, Humphrey Philipps, and John Brett. It is remarkable, that during the ten or eleven years, in which these persons had sway, there is no charge in the College Account Books for the sacramental elements; and it is highly probable that the Eucharist ceased altogether to be administered in the College Chapel. Zachary Mayne gives one reason perhaps for this, in a declaration, that" when he was an Independent Preacher, his conscience would never permit him to administer either of the Sacraments, being sensible that he had no authority so to do t." An Inventory of Chapel Furniture was made the 14th of January 1659-60".

In 1660, Robert Greville, Lord Brook, (who had The Nonconformist's Memorial.

"In Christ Church, Oxford, the Communion was not once administered during the rule of the Independents; and the very person who was the last to administer it before his expulsion, was the first to renew it at the Restoration." Lathbury's History of the Book of Common Prayer, p. 259.


Wood's Athenæ, (Bliss,) vol. iv. col. 412.
Appendix, p. 284.

In this year (April 25), Dr. Henry Hammond, Demy in 1619, for whom the See of Worcester had been designed, died. He was a Divine of great learning and eminent merit, and an unspeakable loss to the Church of England.

y His father was killed at the siege of Lichfield, on the 2d of March 1642-3, when, as Scott expresses it,

"Fanatic Brooke"

The fair Cathedral stormed and took;
But, thanks to Heaven and good Saint Chad,
A guerdon meet the spoiler had.

been matriculated at Magdalen College on the 15th of March 1653-4,) was (May 3) with five other Noblemen appointed by the House of Peers to invite His Majesty, Charles the Second, to return to his kingdom". On the 8th of May the King was proclaimed, and on the same day Richard Cromwell resigned the office of Chancellor of the University; and William Seymour, Marquess of Hertford, (matriculated at Magdalen College 16 April, 1605,) who had been Chancellor from 1643 to 1648, was again restored to that office. And now, says Wood', "the scene of all things was changed, and alterations made in the countenances, actions, manners, and words, of all men. Those, who for the twelve years last past had governed and carried all things in a manner at their pleasure, looked discontented, plucked their hats over their eyes, and were much perplexed, foreseeing that their being here must inevitably vanish. Those, who had lain under a cloud for several years, appeared with cheerful looks; while others, who had then flourished, drooped away, or withdrew themselves privately, knowing very well that they had eaten other men's bread, and that if they should stay they would undergo a visitation and censure by those men, whom they themselves had formerly visited.

On the 9th of May, Dr. Thomas Goodwin resigned the Presidentship, and departed: and on the 18th of May, an order was issued by the House of Lords, that Dr. John Oliver should be restored to that office, which was accordingly carried into effect on the 22d of the same month. A petition on this day (May 18) also from Drope, Tayleur, Giles, and other ejected Fellows, was referred by the Lords to a Committee. On the 29th, the King was proclaimed at Oxford, which in observance

2 Kennet's Register, p. 133.

Kennet, p. 152.

Annals, A.D. 1660.

b V. P. Reg. d Kennet, p. 156.

of the Restoration exceeded any place of its size. "The jollity of the day," says Wood, in his Diary, " continued till next morning." On the 4th of June, an Order was issued by the Lords in Parliament assembled," that the Chancellors of both Universities should take care that their several Colleges be governed according to their respective Statutes. And that such persons as had been unjustly deprived of their Headships, Fellowships, or other Offices, be restored according to the Statutes of the Universities and College-Founders e."

By virtue of this Order, the Chancellor appointed (14 June) Dr. Oliver, the President, and others, as a Committee of advice and enquiry. But these Commissioners, not being certain of their authority, procured another Commission from the King himself, (23 July,) and then proceeded to command the restoration of those persons, who had been unjustly ejected from their Fellowships, etc. Accordingly, Foreman, Holden, Diggle, Jennings, Tayleur, Rogers, Cox, Langton, Baskett, Clitheroe, Jones, Giles, Brice, Yerbury, Exton, John and Edward Drope, returned about this time to College as Fellows: Searle, Nourse, Wilcox, Bayley, Stonehouse, White, George Alexander, and Francis Drope, as Demies". The Common Prayer and Surplice were

e Annals, A.D. 1660.


See above, p. civ. This Restoration is recorded on the grave-stone of Abraham Foreman, who died in 1667, still remaining in the Ante-chapel; Hic situs est Abrahamus Forman S. T. B. hujus Collegii per xlviii annos Socius, ex parte longè majori Sociorum unus, qui ob fidelitatem erga Carolum Primum anno MDCXLVIII ejecti, et e septendecim etiam eorumdem unus, qui imperio et auspiciis Caroli Secundi MDCLX anno restituti fuere. Obiit vio Julii A.D. MDCLXVI. Etat. suæ LXXV. It is commemorated also by the following inscription on a silver-gilt Grace-cup; Dono dederunt A. Forman S.T.B. V.P. H. Yerbury M.D. E. Diggle S.T.B. A.Jennings, J. Tayler, F. Rogers, Gul. Cox, Geo. Langton, Nath. Chyles, A.M. Socii Coll. Magd. Oxon. Pars non minima eorum, qui cum per duodecim continuos annos exulassent, eo quod turbatis rebus Parti

restored in every Chapel; and the Service, that had been lately practised, namely, a Psalm or two, two chapters, and a Prayer of the Minister's own making, with a little more, was laid aside. The Altar was purified, and the Eucharist, though sparingly, again celebrated. The organ, as we have mentioned above1, was restored to the Chapel.

About this time the religious party lately in power consoled themselves by promulgating extraordinary prognostications of future ruin and destruction to the Church, its Cathedrals and Colleges; and by publishing most wonderful tales of sudden deaths, and apparitions, always to the detriment of the Church party. One Henry Jessie was very prolific in strange inventions of this nature. In a curious work, entitled, Annus Miribilis, he relates a circumstance, which was supposed to have occurred at Magdalen College. Let me give his own narrative. This story is headed, "The Devil in the likeness of a Bishop appeared to a Scholar in Magdalen College, November 10, 1660."

"By a letter from a very good hand from Magdalen College in Oxford, it is certified, that about the 10th of November last, 1660, a Spectrum appeared to one Allen of that College, which according to his own relation was as followeth He heard in the night, when he was in bed, a noise like the noise of geese; he arose from his bed, and looked out at his window, which opened over the bridge, but saw nothing; but, going to his bed again,


Regiæ studerent, Regnante Carolo Primo, in monumentum perenne ipsorum restitutionis postliminio factæ anno MDCLX auspiciis Caroli Secundi.

Annals, A.D. 1660. During this year and the following several editions of the Book of Common Prayer, in various sizes, were published for use in Churches. It was not possible to find a sufficient number of copies of the old editions. Lathbury, p. 317.

i See above, p. cxv.

Annus Miribilis, 4to. 1661, pp. 46, 47.

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