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out of the common goods of our College, in addition to the usual commons, be distributed on account of the Pittance of the President and the aforesaid persons. Now the Pittance-Feasts and Obits are the following: the Feast of the Birth of our Lord, of Saint Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, of the Circumcision of our Lord, of the Epiphany, the five Feasts of the Blessed Mary, and the sixth, which is solemnized anew, namely, that of the Visitation, the Feast of Easter, and the Vigil of the same, the Ascension, the Feast of Pentecost, and the Vigil of the same, Trinity, Corpus Christi, Saint John the Baptist, the Apostles Peter and Paul, the Feast of Relics, of the Translation of Saint Swithin, Saint Mary Magdalen, the Dedication of the Church, All Saints, Saint Nicholas: Five Obits, namely, that of William Waynflete, the Founder, when he has departed this life, and of the Benefactors of the College, and the four terminal Obits; also the Obit of Henry III. formerly King of England, the Obits of the ancestors of Francis, Lord Lovell, and his own, when he has departed this life, and the Obit of Lady Danvers. Moreover we will, that the four hired Chaplains of our College, and the two Fellows appointed for the masses of the Blessed Mary and of Requiem, and the junior Priest-Fellow, have in special observance the commendation of the souls of Sir John Fastolf, Kt. and of his Consort, and of the friends and benefactors of the same, while engaged in their masses and prayers. Moreover we ordain, that the seven seniors by age of our poor Scholars, called Demyes, shall for ever specially pray for the said souls of Sir John Fastolf, and his Consort, and his friends and benefactors, in the Psalm De Profundis, which they are bound by force of Statute to say daily, and in their other prayers: and our will is, that each of these Demyes receive every week in all

future times one penny for their battels out of the goods. of the College.

In like manners, seeing that the authority of the holy Canons hath prescribed that the Canonical Hours be devoutly said; and inasmuch as the House of God ought to be the House of Prayer, and it is elsewhere written, "Cursed be he who doeth the work of God negligently," we ordain, that the converse of the said Fellows, Scholars, and Ministers of the Chapel present at the time of Divine Service, be quiet, low, and subdued, and that they in fact only attend to the solemn celebration of Divine Service, and that no one of them say with subdued voice, or otherwise, privately matins, or any hours, by themselves, or with one or more Fellows, in the Choir, while the Fellows and Scholars are chanting the Service in the same; nor stroll about in the antechapel, nor any wise whisper, babble, scoff, laugh, talk, or be noisy; lest by such unruly disturbances, and discordant sounds of voices, the devotion or exercise of those who are singing in the Choir be in any way disturbed. If any party shall commit a breach of the premises, or any one of them, and be thereof convicted, we will, and also command, that he be punished with the penalty ordered in the chapter touching the reading of the Bible.

"And we ordain", that at the time of the College Meeting appointed before Easter for reading the College Statutes, etc. in the first place, and previous to all other matters, the President, Fellows, and Scholars, shall assemble together in the Chapel, in the morning, where they shall cause a Mass of the Holy Trinity to be solemnly celebrated among them, and that the five prayers mentioned below be then read; viz. the first, De

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Statuta, p. 67.

Cursed be he that doeth the work of the Lord deceitfully. Jer. xlviii. 10.
Statuta, p. 45.
Statuta, p. 32.


Sancta Trinitate; the second, De Sancta Maria; the third, Pro salubri Statu Dni nostri Regis Angliæ, together with the prayer, Deus, in cujus manu corda Regum; the fourth, Pro salubri Statu nostro, so long as we survive, with the prayer, Rege, quæsumus, Domine, famulum tuum Willielmum Pontificem, Fundatorem nostrum; and the fifth, Fidelium Deus, omnium Conditor et Redemptor, animabus, etc. for the souls of all the faithful departed.

"Moreover we ordain, that the President of the College hold the first place on the right side of the Choir of the Chapel; on the left side, the Vice-President is to occupy the first place; next, on each side of the Choir, the Doctors of Divinity; after them, the Doctors of the Decrees; next, the Doctors of Laws and of Medicine, if any such there be; following them, the Bachelors of Divinity; and next in succession, the Masters of Arts; next, the Bachelors of the Canon and Civil Laws; and lastly, the Bachelors of Arts, severally, that is, as they are seniors by Degree; and the same is the order which we would have to be observed in processions; but the Chaplains are to stand among the Fellows as shall seem most expedient to the President, or, in his absence, to the Vice-President: also the other Scholars, who are not of the greater number, whether they be Graduates or Undergraduates, are to stand behind the Fellows in the stalls, or before them, according as it shall seem good to the President's discretion: but the Fellows ought, and are bound, to direct the Quire, and chant together the responses, verses, and other portions, as they are entitled and appointed by one of the Deans. But in case any one should offend in the premises or any one of them, our will is that he incur the penalty defined in the Statute touching the disputations of the Fellows"." Such were the directions given by the good Bishop Statuta, p. 34.

* Statuta, p. 68.

Waynflete for the due solemnization of religious rites in the College Chapel. And scarcely had the Sacred Edifice been consecrated, when bowing down before its splendid altar, rich with sculptured imagery and glowing with colour and gilding, might be seen the form of King Edward, attended by the venerable Founder, and other Bishops and Nobles. The short interval of two years elapsed, and the doors were thrown open to receive in processional pomp another sceptred Monarch, the wily Richarda, who escorted, as on the former occasion, by the Founder and his own courtiers, made an oblation to the King of kings. Yet a few years more, and the victorious Henry was to be observed kneeling on the same spot, and for the same purpose: but the aged Founder of the College was not there to receive the Royal Suppliant; for him the Mass of Requiem had been already sung, and fervent prayers of commend


Edward the Fourth visited the College 22d Sept. 1481, and passed the night there. He was attended by the Chancellor, Lionel Wydevile; by Story, Bishop of Chichester; Morton, Bishop of Ely; and Audley, Bishop of Rochester; by the Earl of Lincoln, Lord Stanley, Lord Dacres of Sussex, Sir Thomas Barrough, and other Nobles and Gentlemen. Coll. Reg. A. fo. 8.

a Richard the Third visited the College 24th July, 1483, and passed the night there. He was attended by the Chancellor, Wydevile, now Bishop of Salisbury; by Dudley, Bishop of Durham; Alcock, Bishop of Worcester; Redman, Bishop of St. Asaph; Langton, Bishop elect of St. David's; by the Earl of Lincoln, the Earl of Surrey, Lord Stanley, Lord Audley, Lord Lovell, Lord Beauchamp, Sir Richard Radcliffe, and many other Nobles and Gentlemen. Coll. Reg. A. fo. 27. The King made an oblation in the Chapel on the 28th of Oct. in the same year. L. C. 1483.

b Henry the Seventh visited the College in 1487 or 1488; and offered a noble at the altar. L. C. 1487-8. He is commemorated annually as a Benefactor on the first of May.

The Founder died 11 Aug. 1486, at four o'clock in the afternoon. He was buried in Winchester Cathedral. At his exequies performed in the College Chapel were expended £3.6s. 114d; and on the trental £3.8s. 7d. A charge is extant for green wax for the making of flowers round the candles in Obitu Fundatoris. (L. C. 1498.) A distribution of forty shillings yearly on his anniversary was decreed by the President and Fellows. The custom of sending the bellman round the University to proclaim his obit continued

ation offered up to the Throne of Mercy by the grateful hearts whom his bounty cherished.

One President had already succumbed to the common fate of man, and had been buried with the customary obsequies in the centre of the Choir. A representation of him in brass, with an epitaph recording his virtues in the quaint poetry of the time, was placed over his remains.

Tybardum precibus vestris memorate Magistrum,
Ut poterit citius læta videre Dei.

In 1506, a Visitation of the College took place by the good Bishop Fox, formerly a member of the College. Enquiries into the state of the Chapel disclosed a lamentable falling off from that expressed in the foregoing statutes. Chaplains and Clerks were accused of being negligent in their duties, of frequently absenting themselves from the Services, and of coming in late when they did attend. Some are even mentioned as being utterly useless members of the Quire. The result of this investigation was, that the President immediately resigned.

In 1516, a Mass of Requiem was performed in the Chapel for Richard Mayew, Bishop of Hereford, the President last mentioned.

In 1530, the College were not afraid of exciting Royal enmity by solemnizing a special Mass for the soul of their former Fellow, and afterwards their great Patron, the famous Cardinal Wolsey, not long before interred in the Lady-Chapel of Leicester Abbey.

till the time of Elizabeth. He is still gratefully commemorated on the 11th of August, and on fifteen other commemorations of College Benefactors.

d See the decree for the commemoration of Richard Mayew, Bishop of Hereford. Statuta, p. 109. He died 18 April, 1516, and was buried in his own Cathedral.

e Cardinal Wolsey died 29 Nov. 1530. Solut. pro exequiis Dni Cardinalis vis. viiid. L. C. 1531.

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