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"Hee robbed the Churche ....

Of chalyces, crosses, candylstycks, withe all
Of sylver and gylte, both preacious and gaye,

Withe coapis of tyssure, and many a riche pall,
Dedycat to God above eternall:

And other Colleges may hym well curse,

For thorowe hym they are far yeat the wursse."

The second Service Book of Edward VIth received the approval of Parliament in April, and was ordered to be used from the Feast of All Saints.

Some libellous verses against the President, written up on various parts of the College, were supposed to have been composed by Julius Palmer, who answered the charge with such violent language against the VicePresident and Deans, that for this and other "popish pranks," he was expelled before the next election in July'.

1553. The young King died on the 6th of July, and Mary succeeded to the Throne. Observing the signs of the times, the President, Dr. Haddon, (Aug. 27,) obtained leave of absence from College for a month, on urgent private affairs. On the following day, letters were received from the Queen, commanding that all Injunctions contrary to the Founder's Statutes, issued since the death of King Henry the Eighth, should be abolished'.

And now, says Wooda, religion and learning in the University put on a new face, in some things for the better, in some for the worse. All those observations

Wood's Annals, vol. ii. p. 116.

See Foxe's Account of him in the Clerks' Register, p. 10.

A.D. 155S. Aug. 27mo. Tredecim seniores unanimi consensu concedunt Dno Præsidi mensam integram absentandi se e Collegio in procuratione negotiorum sui ipsius.

Aug. 28. Adferuntur nobis literæ Reginæ Mariæ, quibus jubemur Statuta per omnia observare, antiquatis injunctionibus et ordinationibus omnibus in contrarum editis a morte Patris sui Henrici octavi. V. P. Reg. Annals, vol. ii. p. 117.

and oaths, which were put upon each Society by the King and his Council, to be performed and taken on the admission of every Head and Fellow, especially that of renouncing the Pope, were now commanded to be taken away, and all things to be as anciently, before any thing of reformation began. This in particular was given in command to Magdalen College, there having been more affronts lately committed against the Roman Catholics in that than in any other Society. The Protestant party were much dejected, being treated in the same way as they had served their opponents in the late reign. The Roman Catholics left no stone untouched, which they thought might advance, or restore, their religion: they celebrated Mass, set up "the Sacrament," and recommenced their former ceremonies. The Protestants, not knowing how matters would be ordered, before the Parliament assembled, read, though very faintly, the Common Prayer Book lately established, so that during a certain interval two religions were practised in the University.

It was probably about this time that the circumstance mentioned by Foxe (Acts, vol. vi. p. 712.) occurred. "In Oxford, as it was told me, says he, there was a certain Priest, who, in Magdalen College, preparing himself to say Mass, was with his vestments pulled by one from the Altar, and constrained to blow a retract, until by the law he might Mass it."

John Harley, who had been consecrated Bishop of Hereford, May 25, visited the College July 28, and again Oct. 8, on his way to the opening of Parliament; which commencing (Oct. 10th) with a solemn Mass, Harley withdrew. He was deprived 15 March, 1553-4.

On the 2d of October, Bishop Gardiner issued a Mandate to the President and Members of the College to attend a Visitation by himself or Commissaries on the

18th of the same month. There seems to have been some delay in this matter, for the answer to the Mandate was not sealed till the 23d of October; and the Visitation actually took place on the 26th. Sir Richard Read, Knt. and Dr. Jeffrey, were the Commissioners. After examination of several of the Fellows concerning their behaviour in the late King's time, many of them. were expelled. Dr. Haddon, the President, who was scarcely warm in his place, quitted it without any more ado. Thomas Bentham, the junior Dean of Arts, being commanded by Sir Richard Read to correct the junior Scholars for their absence from Mass, ingenuously confessed his hearty sorrow for his compliance in the time of Henry VIII, and averred before the Commissioners that he would not heap sin upon sin; adding moreover, that he did not esteem it fair to punish that in others which he himself had willingly and knowingly committed. Whereupon he was deprived of his Fellowship. The Vice-President, Thomas Bickley; the Dean of Divinity, John Molens: Walter Bower, Arthur Sall, Thomas Williams, Hugh Kirk, Robert Paley, and Peter Morwent, were also ejected. Michael Renniger, John Bullingham, William Overton, and Henry Bull, had previously resigned. Many of these immediately went abroad.

These vacancies caused so great a scarcity of Priests and Deacons, that none could be found who would say Mass in the Chapel, no Clerk also or Chorister to answer, no Fellow to hear it; no Altar on which to celebrate it, and finally there were no sacred vestments for the purpose. The Visitors themselves said Mass, and

b Wood's Annals, vol. ii. p. 120.

L.C. 1553. Solut. Mro Bickley, Mro Mullins, Mro Bower, Mro Bentham, Mro Sall, Mro Williams, Mro Kirk, Mro Palley, Mro Morwyng. Sing. ex voluntate Inquisitorum et consensu tredecim seniorum. xxvi3. viiid. d See Wood's Annals, vol. ii. p. 121.

performed the ceremonies belonging thereto : those Members of the College of the younger sort, who would not come and hear them, they caused to be flogged, or put out of Commons. Walter Haddon having retired, Owen Oglethorp was re-elected (Oct. 31.) in the presence of twenty of the remaining Fellows. He was received in College about the middle of November, and at the commencement of the following month the Fellows addressed a letter of thanks to Bishop Gardiner for having restored to them their former Head, and for the beneficial effects of his Visitations.

But even before the day of Haddon's formal resignation, the Society had commenced the restoration of the High Altar in the Chapel. Those in the nave soon followed. Hangings for them, together with vestments, copes, albs, missals, psalters, and antiphonals, though not in great abundance, were provided.

In 1554, the Chapel began to exhibit some appearance of its former splendour; more vestments and ecclesiastical ornaments were ordered. Some of the restored Altars were consecrated on the sixth and twenty-eighth

e Cum Stephanus Gardinerus, Wintoniensis Episcopus, deputatis, præter jus publicum regni, contra Statuta nostra et officium suum, quibusdam curiosis et superstitiosis Inquisitoribus, Collegium hoc, pro ea quam obtinet autoritate, visitaret, et ante ullam legem de restituendo Papismo latam, etiam in summa libertate, edicto ipsius Mariæ, subditis ante comitia indulta et promulgata, nos quasi legis prævaricatores ejicere statueret, ni in Catholicæ Matris, vel potius noverca, gremio recumbere vellemus: cum tamen in eo Collegio nullus Minister qui Sacra faceret, nullus Puer, qui Missanti responderet, nullus socius, qui audiret, nullum altare in quo celebraretur, nullæ vestes sacræ, quibus indutus sacerdos histrionicam fabulam suam ageret, uspiam reperirentur, ipsi Visitatores soli, cum suis, missæ choragi, actores, et spectatores facti sunt: et qui a Papisticis precibus aberant pueri virgis cæsi sunt. Alii plus minus quatuordecim omne jus, fructum, possessionem Collegii amiserunt, reliqui vel tempori cesserunt, vel temporis progressu discesserunt. Laurentii Humphredi Præfatio ad Juelli vitam, p. 70.

Ledger E. fol. 51.

See Appendix, No. xi. p. 323.

of March: the ancient ceremonies were revived, especially that of washing the feet of seven or twelve Choristers on Maunday Thursday. It was however found necessary in November to admonish the Bachelors of Arts to attend Mass daily, and to be more diligent in chanting the Divine Offices. Lawrence Humphrey, who, though an ultra-Protestant, had allowed himself to be elected Lecturer in Moral Philosophy, obtained permission, (Dec. 24,) afterwards repeated", to go abroad, with leave of absence till the Feast of St. John Baptist, 1555.

In this year occurred the memorable disputation between Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer, and a select Committee of Oxford and Cambridge Divines', amongst whom were the President, Owen Oglethorp, now Dean of Windsor, and Dr. Richard Smyth, who had been reappointed the College Lecturer in Divinity. On the 14th of April, Dr. Oglethorp presented the Cambridge Doctors, who had arrived in Oxford on the previous day,

A.D. 1555, June 15th. Dnus Præses, Mr Ceynter, V. P. Mri Tomson, Ducke, et Mansell, Decani; Mr Jaxson et Steele, Bursarii; fecerunt veniam Mro Humphrido, qui omnium judicio propter vitæ probitatem, eruditionis et ingenii præstantiam, plurimum commendatus erat, ut libere posset studii causa agere in partibus transmarinis usque ad unum annum integrum finitum, computando videlicet a festo Sancti Joannis Baptistæ proximè sequenti usque ad idem anno revoluto; ita tamen ut se contineat tum a locis propter hæreses suspectis, tum ab illorum consortio, qui pravorum dogmatum et hæresium authores aut sunt, aut fuerunt, nec adhuc resipiscunt. Cui etiam decreverunt communas et alia quæcumque emolumenta, in studii levamen, quæ alioqui domi esset percepturus, per manus bursariorum persolvenda ad quatuor anni terminos, siquidem suarum literarum testimonio vivum illum et superstitem esse liquido constare posset. V. P. Reg.

The Cambridge disputants were, John Young, D.D. Vice-Chancellor. Doctors John Seton, Richard Atkinson, William Glynne, Thomas Watson, Cuthbert Scot, Thomas Segewyke, and Alban Langdale; to whom were added from Oxford, Hugh Weston, D.D. Prolocutor, Doctors William Tresham, Henry Cole, Owen Oglethorp, John Harpsfield, William Pye, William Cheadsey, Richard Smyth, and Masters John Smyth, Robert Ward, and John Fecknam. Annals, 1554.

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