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at that time suddenly imposed upon him the important office of being sent as a Deputy into Germany to a Synod at Smalcald, where, as far as he understood, he would have to confer with his brethren about Lutheranism, and that unhappy controversy respecting the Lord's Supper, which had been carried on so long with so much heat and party spirit, that he did not see how it could be settled.

In 1579, an alteration was made in the Perrot Benefaction mentioned above; and instead of a Priest to celebrate mass for the souls of Robert, Alice, Simon, and Elizabeth Perrot, it was arranged that one of the Fellows, receiving the usual stipend, verbi minister, bonæ conversationis, should annually be appointed to preach a public Sermon in the College Chapel on the Feast of St. Mark; and that a Demy should receive an Exhibition of one pound, on condition of making an oration in the College Hall memoriter immediately after dinner on the Monday preceding the same Feast, which day was also to be observed as a commemoration day, and that the Choristers and their Master should be paid their five shillings and fourpence, and sixteen pence, respectively, quia Robertus Perrot, alias Parret, pater dicti Simonis, fuit olim Præceptor Choristarum in dicto Collegio.

In 1583, Maii 14, convocati sunt Bowman, Frenche, et Pellinge, Clerici, coram Vice-præsidente; et juxta vim Statuti, De Missis etc. puniti sunt per subtractionem communarum per unum diem pro prima vice, eo quod abfuerunt a precibus vesperinis. V. P. Reg.

In this year also there seems to have been some dis

• See page lxvi.

P Vide Statuta S. M. Magd. Coll. p. 130. This arrangement continues in full force at the present day.

The names of these Clerks do not appear in any list till a later period.

cussion as to the place in Hall of the Chaplains, which occasioned the following order:

Decretum est 31 Oct. 1583, per Dnum Præsidentem et Vice-Præsidentem, ex certis et justis causis allegatis et probatis, ut quatuor Capellani, secundum intentionem Dni Fundatoris, in mensis aulæ collateralibus sedeant, secundum gradus suos, ut sedent socii. V. P. Reg.

In 1585, Thomas Cooper, successively Chorister, Fellow, and Schoolmaster of the College, having been in the previous year translated from the See of Lincoln to that of Winchester, issued as Visitor certain Injunctions to the President and Fellows; in some of which', he, lamenting the infrequent administration of the divine mysteries of Christ's Body and Blood, ordered that they should be celebrated on the first Sunday of every month, and the Communion received by as large an attendance of the Society as possible. Remarking on the negligent manner in which the public services of the Chapel were performed on Sundays, and other stated times, he ordained also, that if any Fellow, Demy, Chaplain, or Clerk, came in late, or departed before the prayers were finished, or behaved improperly, he should be admonished and punished by the President, Vice-President, and Dean. Hoc Illi officium negligere non possunt, nisi velint et ipsi fautores haberi neglecti et projecti cultus Divini; quod longissime ab eruditis et piis magistratibus abesse debet. The use of the linen vestment called the surplice, the Visitor, for some special reason, deferred to the end of the Visitation; but injoined, till it was restored, that on every Sunday, and at other constituted seasons, the scholastic gown and hood should be worn, under pain of privation of commons in the case of each delinquent. He appointed also a Catechetical Lecture, at which all the Bachelors,

See Appendix, No. xviii.

Demies, Chaplains, and Clerks, should attend; and commanded that the Master-Chaplains should be present at the Theological Lectures, and the Bachelor-Chaplains and Clerks at the Philosophical Lectures. No further allusion is made in the Injunctions to the quæstio vexata of the surplice; but it is probable that some private correspondence took place on that subject between the Bishop and the President; for in the following year we find a charge, which had not appeared in the accounts for a long time previously, "pro superpelliceis."

"There were now some in Oxford," Wood observes, "Fellows of Colleges, or at least Masters of Arts, who were encouraged to go forward in their Presbytery by certain Scotch Ministers, who were here at the Act last year, and had several meetings about the promotion of their cause. The chief matter which they aimed at, was to draw the Scholars over to observe certain Decrees and Discipline. One Edward Gellibrands, of Magdalen College, an admirer of Dr. Humphrey and his doctrine, was, as it seems to me, the chief of this party in Oxford; labouring not a little to obtain the Scholars to be of his party, as Mr. Cartwright did about this time in Cambridge." In the following year, Gellibrand was cited before Archbishop Whitgift, Cooper and Piers, Bishops of Winchester and Salisbury, and other High Commissioners, and suspended from the Ministry; "but it does not appear," says Brook', "whether he recanted, or was brought under additional hardships by the relentless Prelates.".

In 1586-7, three Clerks, namely, Gabriel Bowman, Roger Smythe, and Richard Smythe, were deprived of their commons from the 2d of March to the Feast * Wood's Annals, A.D. 1585. Edward Gellibrand, Fellow 1573-1588. Brook's Lives of the Puritans, vol. i. p. 313.

of the Annunciation, propter carnem ferinam sublatam a coquiná (V. P. Reg.); and on the 13th and 19th of March, Ambrose Webb, John Kirke, Robert Ashley, and Edmund Gellibrand", Fellows, were punished in the same way, for one day, for appearing in Chapel sine habitu Scholastico. (V. P. Reg.)

In the same year, (Aug. 12.) Edmund Gellibrand was again punished by deprivation of commons, propter rebellionem, inobedientiam, et verba contumeliosa in VicePræsidem.

In 1588, April 9, Robert Ashley, Edmund Gellibrand, and Robert Parker, were again punished, quod habitu sacro et scholastico in templo non uterentur. And on the 1st of May, Gellibrand is punished again for the same cause; and frequently afterwards ".

In 1589, the new Chancellor, Sir Christopher Hatton, having consulted with several Heads of Colleges and Doctors of the University, sent (Aug. 19.) various Injunctions to be published in Convocation, the fourth of which was, "that all their statutes and decrees, which did most effectually tend to the frequenting of Prayers and Sermons, as well private as public, and that decree ad extirpandam hæresim, made by them for catechising, and that likewise which was set down in these words, omnes Collegiorum Præfecti, singuli item Scholares, quocumque illi gradu et dignitatis loco sunt constituti, in templis et sacellis suis, dum sacra peraguntur publice, superpelliceis et caputiis cum gradu suo apte et decenter congruentibus utentur," be carefully observed, and henceforth put in execution.

In 1589-90, Jan. 25. Admoniti sunt Clerici omnes ut u Edmund Gellibrand, (probably a brother of Edward,) Fellow 1585-1591.

▾ V. P. Reg.

w Ibid.

Annals, A.D. 1589.

lectiones et disputationes singuli pro gradibus suis frequentent deinceps: et Mr. Strowd privatur communis per unum diem, quod negligens omiserit concionem, vulgariter dictam collationem, suam in capella die ex constitutionibus ordinato2.

"Towards the latter end of this year," (1 Feb. 1588-89,) says Wood, "Dr. Lawrence Humphrey departed this mortal life, by which Learning itself had occasion of grief. He was a great and general scholar, an able linguist, deep divine, pious to God, humble in himself, and charitable to others." He was however tyrannical and oppressive to the Fellows, which made one of them observe of him," that although the name of the Pope be banished, he indeed is still here, and instead of one, not only England, but Oxford, hath many, each company his Pope." He was buried at the upper end of the Choir, and a monumental Bust, still existing, though removed to the Antechapel, was placed in the south wall over his grave.

A reaction had now taken place in College against the extravagancies of the Puritans, and many of the Fellows were disposed to elect as the late President's successor a sounder Churchman than himself. When therefore the Queen recommended to their choice her Chaplain, Dr. Nicholas Bond, (Fellow in 1565,) they gave out the following amongst other "considerations, moving divers Fellows to declare for Dr. Bond."

"Forasmuch as all the Precise Sort in the University of Oxford, as well Heads of Colleges as other principal men of that note, do account themselves interested in this election, as appeareth by their continual recourse to

2 V. P. Reg. The date should have been 1588-9.

a Annals, A.D. 1589.

b Letter of complaint against Lawrence Humphrey from Nicholas Gybbarde to Lawrence Tomson, dated 3 July, 1575. (State Paper Office.)


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