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his hands, and was surprised to find among them some in the hand-writing of Sir Alexander Boswell against him (Mr. Stuart); on this discovery the meeting took place.

Many of Mr. Stuart's early friends and acquaintances were examined, and gave him the highest character for goodness of temper, kindness of disposition, and the most honourable and upright conduct on every occasion.

The evidence on both sides being closed, the Lord Advocate, in a short speech, addressed the Jury on the part of the Crown, in which he contended that, by the law of the land, any person who killed another in a duel was guilty of murder, and that this charge had been completely proved by the evidence. He had thought it his duty to bring the case before the Court, and he had no doubt the Jury would return a verdict as satisfactory to the country as it would be honourable to themselves. Mr. Jeffrey spoke at great length in favour of Mr. Stuart, and commented with his usual ingenuity and eloquence, on the different charges in the indictment, contending, that the prisoner had not committed a great crime, but had fallen under a great calamity.

The Lord Justice Clerk, in summing up, justified the accused from any charge of impropriety in the means which he had employed to obtain the papers from Mr. Borthwick.

The Jury, without leaving the box, returned an unanimous verdict, by their Chancellor, Sir John Hope, finding Mr. Stuart Not Guilty of the charges libelled. The verdict was received by a very crowded Court with loud cheers.

Mr. Stuart was then dismissed from the bar, and in retiring was congratulated by a great number of his friends.

The trial lasted 18 hours, and was not finished till nearly five o'clock on Tuesday morning.

VOL. I. NEW SERIES.

As the law against duelling clearly affixes the crime of "murder on the survivor;" we are compelled to suppose, that the Jury on the present trial did not consider that the charge of murder against the prisoner was proved by the evidence; but, whether it be through dulness of intellect, or through our unacquaintance with the intricacies of the law, we have looked in vain for an attempt even, in the defence set up, to disprove the facts which constituted the crime charged against Mr. Stuart; for we cannot conceive how a Jury could acquit a prisoner of the crime of murder, because it appeared in evidence that it was done in a fair and gentlemanly manner with the consent of the victim. It is not in the power of Mr. Jeffrey, or any other casuist, to convince us that such circumstances can change a great crime" into " a great misfortune.”

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It is an awful reflection for the duellist, that though he may be acquitted by an earthly tribunal, there is another and a superior tribunal, before which no casuistry will avail to prevent actions being called by their right names.

Duel between the Dukes of Buckingham and Bedford." A meeting took place on Thursday morning, May 2, between the Dukes of Bedford and Buckingham, accompanied by Lord Lynedoch and Sir W. Williams Wynn, in consequence of words used by the former at the Bedfordshire County Meeting. Both parties fired together, at the distance of twelve paces, on a word given, but without effect, when the Duke of Buckingham observing that the Duke of Bedford fired into the air, advanced to his Grace, and remarking that for that reason the thing could go no further, said, My Lord Duke, you are the last man I wish to quarrel with; but you must be aware that a public man's life is not worth preserving,

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unless with honour.' Upon which the Duke of Bedford declared, Upon his honour, that he meant no personal offence to the Duke of Buckingham, nor to impute to him any bad or corrupt motive whatever.' The parties then shook hands, and the whole business was terminated most satisfactorily. The duel, we understand, was fought in Kensington Gardens."

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Respecting, as we do, the characters of the two noble dukes above mentioned, we are grieved to see their names entered on the murderous list of duellists, and that men of their high rank and estimable qualities, instead of setting an example of dignified virtue to the inferior ranks, should thus openly bid defiance to the laws, both of God and of their country; and risk, not only their own valuable lives, but the peace and happiness of their respective families upon a false principle of honour, placed in direct opposition to the principles of morality and religion.

"To anticipate the consequences, had the duel proved fatal to both parties, is a contemplation too painful to be indulged. It might, indeed, have put down the practice, which we fear nothing but the best blood in the country will do: but what distress and misery must it have entailed on their noble families-to say nothing of its sending before the eternal Judge, in the very act of deadly sin, two individuals, who, however highly they may be respected here, could there rank only

as sinners."

Philanthropic Gazette.

Madrid, March 27-A duel has taken place this day between Gen. Quiroga and ex-Deputy Moreno Guerra. It appears that the latter had insulted the General in several letters which he had addressed to him. Only one of the pistols was loaded; on drawing lots, chance put it into the hands of Quiroga, who dissharged it in the air,

More Duels. An affair, which is likely to occupy the attention of the Courts of Law, occurred at a celebrated house at the West end of the town on Friday night, and led to two meetings on Monday morning; the one at Chalk Farm, between two military Gentlemen; the other at Muswell-hill, between a Civilian and an Officer. In the first, both parties were slightly wounded at the first fire; and in the latter an accommodation took place, the Officer (who was the offending party) firing the contents of his pistol in the air. The cause of the quarrel was the loss of 3000l., which, at one throw, changed masters; but the fairness of the game was warmly disputed, and is likely to be tried at law, or referred to the Jockey Club.

A duel was fought at daybreak on Monday morning, on Old Oak Common, between two gentlemen of the name of Locksley and Billinghurst, in consequence of an altercation and challenge by the latter gentleman at the Opera on Saturday night. The parties fired twice each; in the second fire, Mr. Locksley was wounded in the pistol arm, which the ball passed through. A surgeon in attendance dressed the wound upon the spot, which was not dangerous.

BOXING.

Death by Fighting.-At Stepney Fair, on Monday, April 8, two men of the names of Gregory and Hansel had a quarrel, and they agreed to fight the next day on a given spot in the fields by the Lea river; here they met and knocked each other about for more than two hours. More injury was sustained by throwing, both being heavy men, and at length Hansel, who works upon the river, could not be got up. He was conveyed to a cottage, and died in two hours, from a rupture of the vessels in the head.

Female Pugilism.-On Tuesday, April 9, a concourse of persons were attracted to a spot of ground, called "The Ruins," near St. George's

fields, to witness a pitched battle between two women, residing in Kentstreet, in the Borough. Both the combatants had their hair cut off for the occasion, and appeared on the ground in close short bed-gowns, secured at the waist by a handkerchief; a ring was formed by the men locking hands, and every thing being in readiness, the Amazons entered, attended by two other females, who were to act as seconds, and in mediately set to. Both exhibited what is called "science" in manoeuvring for the first blow, which having been given by one on the other's nose, the bruised party in her turn let loose, and a furious rally, with equal advantages followed. They fought, in the whole, between 16 and 20 rounds, until at length one received a dreadful blow in her stomach, which closed this most disgraceful scene.

Death by Fighting.-Friday afternoon, April 26, 1822, an inquisition was taken before J. W. Unwin, Esq. one of the Coroners for the county of Middlesex, at the Halifax Arms, Mile-End New Town, on view of the body of Wm. Platt, aged 17, who was killed in a pitched battle by Henry Snellgrove, a young man about the same age, on Monday, April 22. Several witnesses were examined, who had been present at the battle, which lasted an hour and three quarters, and which the deceased survived till Wednesday. The Surgeon who opened him attributed his death not to the blows, but to his falls in fighting. The Coroner, after having recapitulated the evidence, said, the case in this unfortunate transaction was most satisfactorily made out. If it did not amount to Wilful Murder, it must certainly be Manslaughter, not only against the principal, but against the four seconds, who were all in the eye of the law equally guilty as the former. After some other remarks from the worthy Coroner; the Jury, without hesitation, found a

verdict of Manslaughter against Henry Snellgrove, the principal, and against the four seconds, viz. T. Buckmaster, H. Ditton, J. Smith, and F. Boyd.

The Coroner instantly made out a commitment against the parties accused, all of whom being in attendance, were taken into custody by. Dobson, the beadle, who lodged them in the Watchhouse, to be forthwith taken to Newgate. Snellgrove, who came in a coach from the hospital where he had been confined since the fight, now appeared, very much indisposed, and had his head bound up with bandages. It being doubted whether he was in a fit state to be conveyed to Newgate with the others, the Coroner told the beadle to have the opinion of some medical man concerning him, but at all events, to be cautious that he did not escape.

A contest took place on Wednesday night, May 8, in a field near Newington, between two men of the names of Blinkinsop and Charrington, in consequence of a publichouse quarrel; the parties wrestling rather than hitting. Blinkinsop was carried off the ground after receiving a heavy fall, and he died from the rupture of a blood vessel.

WAR.

Wars between England and France.

In 1141, one year; 1161, twentyfive years; 1211, fifteen years; 1224, nine years; 1254, five years; 1339, twenty-one years; 1368, fifty-two years; 1422, forty-nine years; 1492, one month; 1512, two years; 1521, six years; 1549, one year; 1557, two years; 1562, two years; 1627, two years; 1666, one year; 1689, ten years; 1702, eleven years; 1744, four years; 1756, seven years; 1776, seven years; 1793, nine years; 1803, eleven years; and lastly, 1815, when this calculation was made, and the war then subsisting fourteen

years, making within a period of 700 years, 266 years of desolating war!

Indian War.-We learn from the Indian country, that the Cherokees and Osages have lately had some fighting, in which the former have been completely successful. The Cherokees were divided into parties, one of which, amounting to 50 or 60, fell in with a party of Osages, and killed and took nearly the whole, and have brought in about 63 scalps and prisoners. One Osage woman, refusing to follow the Cherokees, was set on a horse and shot, and her body afterwards thrown on a fire and consumed. Another party of the Cherokees, consisting of about two hundred men, fell in with the Osages, and killed and took a much greater number. These successes had occasioned great rejoicing in the Cherokee nation, and the lives of a great number of the defenceless prisoners had been sacrificed in a most barbarous manner, by their savage con

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British and Foreign Bible Society. THE profession of Christianity has, unhappily, not always been accompanied with correct views of the unbending strict ness of its moral requisitions; yet, as we are convinced that these views are not likely otherwise to prevail than by a thorough knowledge of the Sacred Volume in which they are enforced, we consider the British and Foreign Bible Society as a valuable auxiliary aid towards disseminating the too much neglected, but important Christian principle which is advocated by the Peace Society, and as such we cannot but view with considerable interest the progress of its labours. These considerations induce us to present our Readers

with some extracts from the more interest

Institution was held at the Freemasons' Tavern.

Lord Teignmouth observed, that the happy efforts of this Society had every day been extending from nation to nation, in consequence of the universal distribution of the Holy Scriptures. Efforts so extended as those could not have proceeded from any cause purely human, but from God himself, who must have disposed the hearts of men to promote his glory and the happiness of his creatures. If history was a record of the crimes of mankind, it was reserved for modern times to form new institutions, founded on evangelical principles, for the prevention of crimes, and for promoting the good of mankind. He was happy to find that the Bible Societies comprehended, at this time, Christians of all denominations, and that universality was given to all their operations, which were directed, not to the subjugation of empires, but to the subversion of ignorance, idolatory, and vice. They aimed at the moral and religious improvement of mankind; the Bible alone was the instrument by which it was to be effected; and he hoped that this Society would continue its operations until all the nations of the earth were acquainted with that sacred work, which had already, by the vast extent of its circulation, greatly improved the moral condition of mankind while it tended to conduct them to eternal salvation.

The Rev. Mr. Monod, Secretary of the Paris Protestant Bible Society, was now introduced to the Meeting. This gentleman addressed them in very good English. He said he appeared before them as the representative of a Bible Society which took the greatest interest in the proceedings of this Society, and which contemplated them with admiration and gratitude. The Members of the Society to which he belonged valued no

other distinctions than those of the

ing parts of the speeches which were delivered at its late Anniversary, disciples of JESUS. He considered Wednesday, 15th May 1822, the himself there among children of Anniversary Meeting of this excellent, the same FATHER, and followers

of the same SAVIOUR. With sentiments of this kind he prayed the indulgence of the Meeting, and assured them that their brethren in France were animated by the same spirit as those whom he now addressed, although they had not the same means. Little more than three years had elapsed since the Society in Paris was established, and since then there were forty Branch Societies from it; and from having at first no more funds than 40,000 francs, they now had 300,000 francs. They had distributed vast numbers of Bibles; and a generous friend of their Institution had sent 2000 francs to be given to the author of the best work in the French language upon the reading of the Holy Scrip

tures.

Mr. Dealtry now passed some compliments on the respectable Foreigner who had just spoken, for the information he had given, and the intelligent manner in which he had delivered himself. It must excite the admiration of every man to hear of such a Society as that just described being established in Paris.

Lord Calthorpe also expressed his admiration at what he had just heard from the Secretary of the Paris Bible Society. Nothing could be more gratifying to the feelings of all persons in this country than the assurance that such an Institution could be held in support of the Society of England. Wm. Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. began by congratulating the company on the happy progress which the efforts of the Society had made; and he was delighted to see even in Paris the rapid progress of that blessed truth which would lead men to eternal salvation, and overturn the false philosophy which had too much prevailed in a capital that had long been renowned for learning and the liberal arts. It was also delightful to see that in almost every part of the habitable globe the Bible was now diffusing its blessings; it was now making its happy progress among

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Naval and Military Bible Society.
Whatever good it may please God

to produce out of evil, it does not become us to speak of that evil in the language of triumph and exultation." The wrath of man shall praise him," but to glory in the indulgence of a wrathful spirit, would only be to "glory in our shame." Whatever benefits may, through a merciful Providence, arise from Military establishments and desolating wars-the pious Christian can regard these things in no other light than as the greatest of evils. It was therefore, with some surprise, that we read the following as a speech which was delivered by a Clergyman at the Anniversary Meeting of the above Society, held 7th of May last; yet we must admit the conclusion of his address was more in character with his profession, though utterly inconsistent with the far greater part of his speech; such inconsistency is indeed unavoidable in attempts to reconcile the usual War policy of states with Christianity.

"The Rev. J. Stratten felt great pleasure in seconding the motion. The word ' Naval' always kindled the best feelings of his heart, for he was convinced that with all the splen

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