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to discharge, but not exceeding the amount of their special funds, except by virtue of an express authority for that purpose, from the General Committee.

Art. vII. Besides the ordinary communications which this Committee shall have with the

General Committee, once in the year they shall report to the Society upon their operations, as well as upon the most interesting

facts which have, in the course of the year, come to their knowledge. This Report shall be annexed to the General Report of the Society,

and read with the same at the General Annual

Meeting, conformably to the 17th Article of

the Rules.

The Committee will gratefully receive subscriptions, however small the sum, which shall be presented to

any

them, and communications from persons who can supply them with information, or who shall desire to correspond with them. Letters must be addressed, (post paid,) to Messrs. the Presidents and Members of the Society of Christian Morals, rue Taranne, No. 12.-Subscriptions are received at the Office of the Society, by Mr. Dominie André, Banker and Treasurer of the Society.

DUELS.-In July last, a meeting took place between Edward M'Dermott, Esq. of Roscommon, attended by James Lynch, Esq.; and Dennis O'Connor, Esq. of Willsbrook, attended by J. M. M'Donnell, Esq. The first fire proved ineffectual, the parties were provided with second pistols, on the discharge of which both gentlemen were severely wounded; Mr. O'Connor's ball hav ́ing passed through the left pectoral muscle, lacerating a considerable branch of the thoratic artery, which caused a great effusion of blood. Mr. M'Donnell's ball entered the covering of the abdominal muscle.-Boyle

Gazette.

A letter from Bagniers, dated 29th of July, states that a deplorable event had taken place there. The unfortuate Pinac, the younger, had been upon that day interred, who died in consequence of a duel with an Englishman, which, however, did not originate in a personal quarrel.It appears that the Englishman,

while seated in the reading-room of Frascati, had written in the margin of a pamphlet, respecting the battle of Toulouse, thus: The contents of this pamphlet are entirely false. Lord Wellington gained a complete victory; while the French owed it entirely to our generosity, that they were not altogether put to the sword.' M. Pinac, a young half-pay officer, called the Englishman to account. The public authorities did all in their power to prevent a duel; but their precautions were ineffectual; and breast, died in a few days. All the M. Pinac, shot with a ball in the strangers here, without the least reference to their opinions, and the whole population were present at his inter

ment.

Improvement of the Moral Condition of the Gipsies.

WHEREVER Vicious principles and depraved habits prevail, there will the violent passions and cruel propensities of unenlightened unsanctified man, secretly burn and be ready to burst forth when occasion offers. This observation, we fear, is particularly applicable to that wandering race of mankind called Gipsies, who are deplorably ignorant of all moral and divine obligation, and to whom have been attributed not only habitual practices of deceit and theft, but murders the most atrocious and cruel.

As friends of Peace as well as

Christian philanthropists, we cannot for their amelioration, and we rejoice but cordially join in sincere wishes to find that efforts are making towards the accomplishment of this desirable object. An Address, published in the Bath and Cheltenham Gazette, Jan.

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8th, 1822, (of which the following is an abstract,) led to the formation of an Association at that place; and subscriptions, in which some progress has been made, are received by the Home Missionary Society, at their Rooms, 18, Aldermanbury, London.

"It is indeed a subject of admiration to observe the progress of benevolence in the present age, in which Christians seem to strive who

shall do most good. But while our charity has

flowed in rich and copious streams, in fertilizing the barren, and enlightening the dark parts of the earth; while we have been endeavouring to convert to the way of salvation, Heathens in foreign climes, it is seriously to be regretted that we should too long have overlooked the dark state of Heathens in our own land. It is to be feared that there are at this time dwelling among us, many thousands of poor wretched outcasts, in a state of gross mental darkness and ignorance, alike despised and neglected, known by the name of Gipsies; who are supposed to have emigrated several centuries since, from India, to avoid persecution in their own country. In times less enlightened than the present, many severe laws were enacted against this unfortunate race of men; which have generally failed in their object of driving them away, or of lessening their numbers. It would, doubtless, have been wiser policy, and certainly more consistent with the benign spirit of Christianity, if, instead of persecuting these unhappy fugitives, our ancestors had endeavoured to civilize them, and to cultivate their minds. Under such pitiable circumstances, therefore, does it not become the duty of all who profess to be followers of the blessed Jesus, to hasten to rescue these their fellow beings from the abject condition into which they are fallen?

"But should we refuse to extend a friendly and supporting hand to these unhappy people, who may be said to be perishing through lack of knowledge;' and should they continue in impiety and sin through our neglecting that Christian duty which we owe them! fearful indeed will be our responsibility! We shall not be allowed to plead as an excuse, that we were ignorant of their degraded condition, which has been brought home to our very doors. Let us then no longer delay, but be animated to so good, so glorious a work, as that of proclaiming the glad tidings of Salvation to those who sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death!" Nor let us be discouraged by a few difficulties which may be presented to an un

dertaking of the truest charity. There is indeed

every reason for us to take courage, when we consider what happy effects have been pro

duced from the labours of Christians in similar

works of philanthropy. How gratifying is it to observe, that elementary schools have been opened for instructing the offspring of poor despised Jews, who are now cordially receiving education at the hands of Christians! Many of

the friendless children, too, who are employed 'in the cruel task of sweeping chimnies, and whose moral improvement had also been sadly neglected, have been admitted for instruction, into our Sunday Schools. But what appears still more extraordinary is, that a great reformation has recently been effected in the morals and general conduct of the most debased of human beings, the female prisoners in Newgate, by means of discipline judiciously tempered with kindness, and by constant employment. Therefore, let the poor Gipsies no longer be treated as outcasts of society, nor denied the privileges of humanity any more than others. We learn with much pleasure, that their pitiable case has been feelingly taken up by the Home Missionary Society, with a degree of zeal which does them great credit. The plans which this excellent Society suggest appear both plain and practicable; in the first place, they propose that Schools be established for teaching the children of Gipsies, in those parts where they mostly have their winter quarters [to which we would add, that their sons be apprenticed to such handicraft trades as they may prefer, rather than compel them to agricultural employments, to which they have a rooted aversion; and that their daughters, after being instructed in elementary learning, be further, with the consent of their parents, trained to the stations of under servants ;] secondly, that work be provided, where it can be so done, for the adults, to attract them to some central point, for the facility of affording them greater opportunities of instruction; and lastly, that barns be fitted up as chapels, in places where they annually resort, wherein they may have opportunities of hearing the preaching of the Gospel, and their civil, moral, and religious duties be explained to them, either by the Society's missionaries or by ministers resident near the spot."

OBITUARY.

Lane, Amos Hayton, Esq. in the 78th September 4, at his house in Mark year of his age.

At Chiswick, E. Williams, Esq. brother of the late Rev. J. Williams, noticed in our last Number. By his death, the Peace Society has lost a zealous and active member.

B Bensley, Bolt-court, Fleet-street

HERALD OF PEACE.

FOR

OCTOBER, NOVEMBER, AND DECEMBER,

HOW

1822.

TOW deplorable is the state of that selfish mind, which is destitute of any interest in the transactions and welfare of its fellowbeings! to whom the tale of individual or national woe is alike unimpressive! who is incapable of experiencing any pleasurable or painful emotions, except when its own ease is promoted or disturbed!

That

there are such beings in the world, is, alas, too well known to the most common observer of human nature : that the majority of mankind are more or less actuated by such feelings, is a fact, for the evidence of which we may confidently appeal to the consciences of every descendant of Adam. But with all such indifferent or misanthropic principles, pure Christianity wages an interminable warfare. It requires that the strong attachment to self, inherent in every breast, should be the full measure of our regard to others. It admits of no other motives to action than those which may be resolved into the two great commands, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart," &c. "and thy neighbour as thyself." Animated by these heaven-derived stimulants to active benevolence, the Christian, like his blessed Master, is ever ready to rejoice in the progress of peace and happiness among men, and to weep over those miseries

VOL. I. NEW SERIES.

with which vice and inhumanity afflict the world.

A wonderful difference, however, exists between the views and feelings of even Christians themselves, in the contemplation of human wretchedness arising from injustice and cruelty, but more especially in regard to that tremendous evil where both these meet and co-operate,-War! Many excellent, though in this respect unenlightened Christians, consider war as an unavoidable evil, which has been interwoven with the history of every nation, and which must continue to exist till, by some extraordinary operation of Divine Power, the whole of the human race shall become converts to the Christian Religion. Without any effort, therefore, to stay the progress of the murdering sword, they calmly peruse, by their fire-sides, the dreadful details of a bloody campaign; contenting themselves with the expression of a feeble wish, that mankind, were sufficiently wise to live in peace with each other.

But we rejoice in knowing, that there are among the disciples of the Prince of Peace, many who prove themselves to be animated by a different spirit; who are active in disseminating the principles of absolute, permanent, and Universal Peace enjoined in the Gospel; and who believe that, if all who profess them2 C

selves to be Christians, were streņu- he contemplates in a moral and reli

ously to advocate the cause of Peace, and to show that it is the policy as well as duty of mankind to live in Harmony with each other, Wars would for ever cease between Christian nations. Nor, we are persuaded, would the good effects terminate Here; other nations, who have not yet bowed to the authority of the Cross, would be induced by the force of admonition, example, or influ ence, to convert their "Swords into plough-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks."

It is however to be deeply lament ed, that the vast majority of individuals among nations outwardly professing Christianity, have not yet learnt to detest War as a cruel, demoralizing, and anti-christian prac tice. Tens of thousands, and millions are ever found ready to rush on the thundering artillery of Death, or to murder their fellow-men, from a vain desire after empty glory, from the expectation of indulging their vicious propensities, or from a motive of base cupidity! Who then can deny the importance of propagating among Christian countries, thus sadly depraved, the benign precepts of the Saviour of mankind; that in them at least the promise which accompanied the introduction of the Gospel dispensation (" on earth Peace") may be fulfilled and exemplified.

Although the frightful contests which, for so many years, were carried on between the late Ruler of France and the other Powers of Europe have ceased, yet the Friend of Peace still possesses causes for painful regret and lamentation, when

gious view, the occurrences recorded in the Daily Journals.

Of all the Wars which the pen of the historian has been employed to describe, few have exceeded in enormity, the bloody and cruel struggle which is at present maintained between the two distinct nations, and inveterate foes, inhabiting the fertile and classic plains of Greece. A struggle, to which there appears to be no termination in prospect, but by the destruction of the one, or the expulsion of the other. And if we turn our eyes from a scene so afflicting to humanity, Spain presents to our view the sword unsheathed under circumstances the most demoralizing. Domestic or civil. Wan aims a deadly blow at the civil and social ties which bind individuals of the same nation, of the same com munity, to each other. It dissolves the closest connexions, and converts them into the deadliest enmity. Such are the effects of the civil contest we are now deploring: brother is li terally armed against brother. Alexander O'Donnell, a Colonel in the Constitutional army, writes to his brother Don Carlos O'Donnell, the Rebel General, "I learn that you have entered Spain. Take care not to meet me, for I shall not treat you as a brother." The Friend of Peace can but drop a tear of pity, on beholding the bitter fruits of the folly and madness of mankind. He can no otherwise interfere than by directing his prayer to the great Sovereign of the Universe, to overrule these sanguinary commotions, and make them subservient towards promoting his own gracious purposes,

and establishing the Kingdom of his Son, and then, O glorious period, the will of God will be done on earth as it is done in heaven.

Directing our attention to another quarter of the globe, we cannot but feel indignant as men and as Christians, upon discovering that after all the humane and generous efforts of Sharp, Wilberforce, and Clarkson, and of the Legislature of this country, to procure the abolition of the African Slave Trade; notwithstanding it has been prohibited by the European Powers, it still exists to a considerable extent, and is carried on under circumstances peculiarly barbarous and aggravating. And by whom? Not by Englishinen, nor under the sanction of the British Government. No! We, as a nation, have washed our hands of this guilty traffic; and the Government is humanely and actively occupied in endeavours to induce the other Governments of Europe to carry into effect their own engagements to suppress it. The perpetrators of these foul deeds are individuals from other Christian countries; and who do not, it is to be feared, act without the connivance, if not the secret sanction of their Governors. Oh, when shall the keen reproach of the poet be wiped

SIR,

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away from human nature, even from among the professors of Chris tianity?

My soul is sick with ev'ry day's report
Of wrong and outrage with which earth is
filled;

There is no flesh in man's obdurate heart,
It does not feel for man.

The consideration of these antipacific and distressing facts, ought to operate most powerfully upon the minds of all real Christians, particu❤ larly of those who have enrolled themselves under the banner of Permanent and Universal Peace;-stimulating them to the vigorous adop❤ tion of every means by which the principles of love and peace, as forming an inseparable part of Christianity, may be universally extended. It should also lead them, in their supplications to the God of mercy and love, to plead earnestly for the cause of suffering humanity, and for the rapid extension of the Gospel of Peace, which in its effects upon the hearts of men, and the state of society, has been foretold in the following beautiful and impressive language: Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise."

CORRESPONDENCE

OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE LONDON PEACE SOCIETY. New Lanark, Sept. 19, 1822. AGREEABLY to the request which you made to our President when visited this establishment, I am directed to send you the following outline :

you

Observing with much satisfaction the progress of pacific principles, several persons in New Lanark resolved to unite in forwarding the good cause; accordingly a meeting. was held in May 1821, when an Asso

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