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high priest and learned doctors of that day in council assembled,) if we let this man alone, all the people will believe on him, and the Romans shall come and take away our place and nation." Not a soldier to defend them. With the rulers of the world, and those who conceive themselves interested in war, it may indeed be a question of political expediency, whether Christianity, in its purity, ought to be received; and the advocates for defensive war have here a precedent in the conduct of the Jews, who crucified the Prince of Peace, and persecuted to death his disciples and followers,-to them they well know that war of every description was forbidden.
Extract from Hall's Sermon. THE following paragraph is extracted from the pages of an able writer of the present day, who, although he does not himself adopt the principle, that all War is unlawful, has yet placed in a striking point of view some of the most powerful arguments in its favour-those which are to be drawn from the melancholy influence of national warfare on the morals of mankind :
"War is nothing less than a tenporary repeal of the principles of virtue. It is a system out of which almost all the virtues are excluded, and in which nearly all the vices are incorporated. In instructing us to consider a portion of our fellow-creatures as the proper objects of enmity, it removes, as far as they are concerned, the basis of all society, of all civilization and virtue; for the basis of these is the good-will due to every individual of the species, as being a part of ourselves. From this principle all the rules of social virtue emanate. Justice and humanity, in their utmost extent, are nothing more than the practical application of this great law. The sword, and that alone, cuts asunder the bond of consanguinity which unites man to man.
As it immediately aims at the extinction of life, it is next to impossible (upon the principle that every thing may be lawfully done to him whom we have a right to kill) to set limits to military licence; for when men pass from the dominion of reason to that of force, whatever restraints are attempted to be laid on, the passions, will be feeble and fluctu-, ating. Though we must applaud, therefore, the attempts of the humane Grotius, to blend maxims of humanity with military operations, it is. to be feared they will never coalesce, since the former imply the subsistence of those ties, which the latter suppose to be dissolved. Hence the morality of peaceful times is directly opposite to the maxims of war. The fundamental rule of the first is, to do good; of the latter, to inflict injuries. The former commands us to succour the oppressed; the latter, to overwhelm the defenceless. The rules of morality will not suffer us to promote the dearest interests by falsehood; the maxims of war applaud it when employed in the destruction of others. That a familiarity with such maxims must tend to harden the heart, as well as to pervert the moral sentiments, is too obvious to need illustration. The natural consequence of their prevalence is an unfeeling and unprincipled ambition, with an idolatry of talents, and a contempt of virtue; whence the esteem of mankind is turned from the humble, the beneficent, and the good, to men who are qualified by a genius fertile in expedients, a courage that is never appalled, and a heart that never pities, to become the destroyers of the earth. While the philanthropist is devising means to mitigate the evils and augment the happiness of the world, a fellow-worker together with God, in exploring and giving effect to the benevolent tendencies of nature, the warrior is revolving, in the gloomy recesses of his capacious mind, plans of future devastation and ruin. Prisons crowded with captives,
Extract from a Discourse on the Signs of the Times.
cities emptied of their inhabitants, fields desolate and waste, are among his proudest trophies. The fabric of his fame is cemented with tears and blood; and, if his name is wafted to the ends of the earth, it is in the shrill cry of suffering humanity; in the curses and imprecations of those whom his sword has reduced to despair."-Reflections on War. A Sermon, by Robert Hall.
Anecdote of Buonaparte, in the Russian Campaign of 1807; from Letters descriptive of a Tour through some parts of France, Italy, &c. in 1816. By J. SHEPPARD.
"THE sufferings of the French army, from the intensity of frost during the dreadful retreat from Moscow, have eclipsed all others; but those which attended the former war with Russia, in 1807, are not yet forgotten by the survivors who witnessed and partook of them. They arose from continued rains falling in deep and marshy grounds, which the troops were compelled to cross before the battle of Friedland. An officer with whom I travelled, and who described this march, assured me, that he then heard grenadiers, while wading through the mire, from which many of them were never extricated, exclaim, in a tone of desperation to their Emperor, as he passed, -Ah coquin! bourreau! qu'est ce que tu nous fais souffrir? To which the idol of the soldiery replied with a laugh. Ba! demain tu auras de bon vin!' But so deeply has the love of war and rapine been infused, that all past hardships, and the cold-blooded sacrifices, from which they themselves are but just escaped, do not prevent the unemployed officers from declaring their admiration of those exploits and a desire to renew them. This military spirit, which was always characteristic of the French, has been doubtless rendered more restless, unprincipled, and universal, by the immense levies which Buonaparte made, and by the spoliations in
which he indulged them; but it would be very short-sighted to imagine that it is no where prevalent, and no where mischievous, except in France. Twenty campaigns have roused and organized it throughout. Europe: and there can be now no state without a great body of pérsons who are averse from any employments but those connected with arms, and murmuring at that exhaustion which, for the present, necessitates repose."
If the statement in the last paragraph be still correct, (as there is too much reason to fear is the case) is it not a most forcible argument for the necessity of unremitting exertions to disseminate far and wide those pacific principles which it is the great object of the Peace Societies to inculcate? In the present extraordinary crisis, through all the vast extent of our dominions both here and in the Eastern and Western hemispheres, the desolating tempest of war is hushed to repose; or, if any movement remains, we trust it is only the subsiding agitations of the waters, which, "While they welcome the moments of rest, Still leave us rememb'ring the ills which are
conflicts. But the tumult of war is
look with complacency on the foul Public Meeting, March 13, 1822, at 11 o'clock
fiend in his devastating career. Let us rather drop a tear over suffering humanity, and pray for the peace of the world. Let us all, as Christian parents, guardians, teachers, or ministers, use our utmost endeavours to give prevalence to sentiments and feelings of a pacific nature, and to instil into the minds of our youthful charge especially, a horror of war, and a detestation of those depraved principles which lead to it.. Let us remove the fascinating exterior of pomp and splendour and glory which is thrown around it, and shew them the earth reeking with human blood, the heaps of mangled and slaughtered victims, and the scattered fragments of precious limbs; let them hear from this scene the groans of tortured agony, the unavailing and unheeded sighs of thousands going into another world with all their guilt upon their heads, without a messenger of peace to direct them to the Lamb of God: then let them see the tears of widows driven to despair, of orphans cast friendless on the wide world, and of parents, with bleeding hearts, "mourning for their children, and refusing to be comforted because they are not.' The influence of such a proceeding, if generally adopted, would be most important and bene
at COLES' Hotel.
"THE Friends to the diffusion and maintenance of those Christian principles which are immediately connected with the promotion of social order and the reign of benevolent feeling, beg, through the medium of this paper, to invite to a meeting, at COLES' Hotel, on Wednesday, Mar. 13, all who view Christianity as a system of benevolence and peace. Their object is to form a Society to aid the funds and promote the design of the London Peace Society. They enter into no religious controversy, and meet under the banner of no particular division of the Christian church. The only end they propose, is, the support and wider spread of one great principle of the Christian code. War, with all that has been done to mitigate its horrors among civilized nations, however embellished by notions of false glory; however lauded by poets, or courted by politicians as the last mode of appeal;-in one word, War, in every shape, and under every circumstance, they esteem a violation of the precepts and charity of the Gospel. With this impression on their minds, they ardently wish to unite with those who, if unable to do any thing else, will at least enter their determined and decided protest
against a custom, which, the religion of Christ being judge, can never be viewed but as an invasion of the divine right to terminate the life of man, and a daring violation of the law of God."
In consequence of this advertisement, we are informed by Mr. Nathaniel Cosins, of Guernsey, that a respectable meeting took place, and the proposed design was carried into effect. Further particulars we hope to lay before our readers in the next Number of the Herald.
A Specimen of Indian Eloquence.
[From the Friend of Peace.]
[Are we to be surprised that Christianity has made no greater progress among the uncivilized heathen, when from the conduct of those who have assumed its sacred name, they could only associate it with avarice and inhumanity? But we rejoice to see, through the labours of our Christian Missionary brethren, a day of Gospel light dawning on the heathen, in different parts of the Globe, and which, we hope, is also extending its influence to our Brethren of North America. May it increase more and more to the perfect day, when all partial all selfish interests shall be absorbed in universal Christian philanthropy, in love to God and to our brother.]
THE Hon.. Elias Boudinot, in a work entitled "A Star in the West," has favoured the public with the following speech, as preserved by himself. It was delivered by Cornplant, an Indian Chief, to General Washington, as President of the United States, in 1790. The object of the speech, as stated by Mr. Boudinot, was to prevail on" the President "to relax the terms of a treaty of peace relative to an unreasonable cession of a large part of their country." "Cornplant had long been a steady friend to the United States in the most perilous part of the revolutionary war." 93.
"At a meeting with the President," the Chief thus addressed him :
Father, when your army entered the country of the Six Nations, we called you the Town Destroyer, and to this day, when your name is heard, our women look behind them
and turn pale; our children cling close to the necks of their mothers; but our counsellors and warriors, being men, cannot be afraid. But their hearts are grieved by the fears of our women and children; and desire that it may be buried so deep as to be heard of no more.
66 " Father, we will not conceal from you that the Great Spirit, and not man, has preserved Cornplant from the hands of his own nation. For they ask continually, where is the land which our children and their children are to lie down upon? You told us, say they, that a line drawn from Pennsylvania to Lake Ontario would mark it for ever on the east; and a line running from Beaver Creek to Pennsylvania would mark it on the west. But we see that it is not so.
For first one and then another comes and takes it away by order of that people who you told us promised to secure it to us for ever. Cornplant is silent, for he has nothing to answer. When the sun goes down, Cornplant opens his heart before the Great Spirit; and earlier than the sun appears again upon the hills, he gives thanks for his protection during the night; for he feels that among men become desperate by the injuries they sustain, it is God only that can preserve him. Cornplant loves peace, -all he had in store he has given to those who have been robbed by your people, lest they should plunder the innocent to repay themselves.
"The whole season which others have employed in providing for their families, Cornplant has spent in endeavours to preserve peace; and at this moment his wife and children are lying on the ground, and in want of food. His heart is in pain for them; but he perceives that the Great Spirit will try his firmness in doing what is right.
"Father! innocent men of our nation are killed one after another, though of our best families; but none of your people, who have committed these murders, have been punished.
The title "Town Destroyer," was not applied by Cornplant to the President personally, but to the people over whom he then presided. Whoever will be at the pains of examining the history of our wars with the Indians, either in ancient or modern times, will be convinced that this opprobrious name was applied with great justice. In all the modern wars, as well as those of earlier times, our people have amply supported the character of the "Town Destroyer," and gloried in their shame.
We sincerely desire the welfare and honour of our country. We deplore the existence of the numerous facts which tarnish its reputation. But a sense of duty compels us to invite attention to the melancholy detail of wrongs and sufferings inflicted on the Indians by the blindness, avarice, inhumanity, and revenge, of professed Christians. We have read, with mingled emotions of regret and
horror, the narratives collected and published by the venerable Elias Boudinot, and those in a more recent "Historical Account of the Indians," by the Rev. John Heckewelder. We have also examined the public documents and testimonies relating to the Seminole war. The more we have examined and reflected, the more we have been shocked and pained; and the more deeply we have been convinced, that the blood of myriads on myriads of the aborigines of this country has been long crying to Heaven against the people of Great Britain, of France, of Spain, and of the United States. The more also have we been convinced, that, from the first settlement of this country to the present time, wars with the Indians might have been avoided by a proper display of a Christian spirit on the part of those who professed the Christian religion; that in a great majority of the wars which have been waged against the Indians, the white men have in fact been the aggressors; and that it is high time for the people of the United States to change their policy towards their red brethren.
The encroaching, overbearing, and exterminating spirit, which has too frequently been manifested towards the natives, and the oppressive policy which holds in chains more than a seventh part of the population in this boasted land of freedom, are evils of enormous magnitude-evils which cannot escape the notice or the displeasure of that God to whom belongeth recompense and retributive justice. In vain are all the attempts to ward off the stroke of Divine anger, or to put far off the evil day, by unwearied efforts to excite a martial spirit among our citizens, and to augment our military and naval establishments. As these measures evince that the confidence of the nation is not duly reposed in the God of peace, but rather in a military arm of flesh, it will be easy with Him, who has our destiny in his hands, so 'to overrule these efforts as to make them the