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ing anticipations of the blessings of universal Peace, but from an undoubted persuasion that to love our enemies, to bless them that curse us, and to return good for evil, are indispensable duties to be observed in compliance with the express command of God.



Consistent and permanent principles of love to man, and unlimited forgiveness of enemies, must rest upon our love to God, and his love to us, as their proper and only foundation; and it is of great importance, that we constantly feel the intimate connection between them. "The love of God," says a powerful writer on Christian ethics,* as it is the source every right action and feeling, so is it the only principle which necessarily involves the love of our fellow creatures. As man, we do not love man. There is a love of partiality, but not of benevolence; of sensibility, but not of philanthropy; of friends and favourites, of parties and societies, but not of man collectively. It is true we may, and do, without this principle, relieve his distresses, but we do not bear with his faults. We may promote his fortune, but we do not forgive his offences."-Because God hath loved us, therefore are we bound to love one another. Because God hath loved us while enemies to him, therefore are we laid under the most sacred obligations to love our enemies, and to forgive every one his brother their trespasses, even as God, for Christ's sake, hath forgiven us. Is it demanded how far this principle is to be carried? "Who," we reply, can measure the extent of divine forgiveness?

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Mrs. Moore's Practical Piety.

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"While we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.""As high as heavens are above the earth, so'great is his mercy toward them that fear him. As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he removed our transgressions from us." Therefore the measure of our forgiveness is not to be limited. "I say not unto thee until seven times, but until seventy times seven.".

All War in the aggregate, and in its horrid detail, is carried on in direct violation of these principles : for how can we love those whom we cruelly destroy? How can we practise Christian forgiveness, while the blood-stained hand grasps the murderous sword, or the desolating firebrand? How can we show our love to God or man, while actively employed in scattering misery and ruin over the fair face of nature ? These questions need no reply. Nor can we conceive of a more embarrassed and distressed situation in which a Christian can be placed, than when' he is accoutred in all the habiliments of warfare, and ordered to go forth to the slaughter of his fellow-men, while his enlightened and pious mind tells him, that the practice of War is as entirely opposed to the spirit of the Gospel, as it is to the dictates of humanity.

A full conviction of the truth and importance of those principles by which our moral conduct is to be regulated, whilst it yields to own minds the highest satisfaction, will stimulate us to greater activity in their promulgation. The Annual Meetings of various Christian and Philanthropic Societies have lately taken place, and we have observed

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with the highest satisfaction of their increasing exertions, and happy success, in promoting the spread of the Gospel. The great work of evangelizing the world is going on. Let the example of other Societies animate the Friends of Peace to increasing exertion, that thus the progress of Peaceful Christianity may overtake and keep pace with the efforts of all those who, either by the circulation of the Scriptures, the establishment of Schools, or the preaching of the Gospel, are causing the "wilderness to burst forth and blossom as the rose."

Review of the Progress of the Peace Society; with Extracts from its Correspondence.

THE long-cherished wishes of the friends of Peace are at length accomplished, by the establishment of a Society at Paris, which, if not specifically directed to the question of War, will, in its influence, and by its organization, necessarily prové a most valuable auxiliary. By the list of names before us, its members appear to be composed of some of the most

illustrious individuals of the French nation-men, distinguished in the world of letters as well as in the circle of benevolence-men, whose characters are a pledge for their zeal we hope for their suscessful zeal and final triumph. It is an event calculated to inspire no commoņ feeling of satisfaction, that in the centre of a nation distinguished so long for qualities misnamed heroic a nation' where the spirit of war and military triumph were objects of almost universal devotion where

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scepticism and unbelief of Christianity, had obtained almost universal sway-that a Society planted by some of the wisest and best of her citizens should rear itself aloft proclaiming the principles of Peace, and taking for its standard the Christian banner. Other hearts will vibrate with the delight we feel. May blessings descend upon every effort which is made to root out the germs of international hatred to subdue the pride, and insolence, and cruelty, which sometimes like a plague infect society-and to gather men together— children of the same Parent-pilgrims on the same journey-travellers to the same resting-place→→→ and heirs of the same immortality under the influence of the kind and benignant sympathies of our heavenly religion!


Whatever may exist to disappoint the hopes, and to check the eager expectations of the generous enthusiast, the principles of peace do most assuredly make their way in Europe. Deeply may they strike and widely may they spread! He who adds one link to the chain of general co-operation, can hardly calculate how great a sum of happiness he is preparing for himself; nor how extensive a good he may be producing to his fellow-men. is association, in truth, which has wrought all the wonderful changes we observe in society; which has established schools-and given wings to Bibles and checked the progress of disease and want-and half abolished slavery—and meliorated prisons-and-What indeed has it not done-and what may it not do, if men will feel how mighty is the mass


of mind-the blending of active and intelligent virtue-to carry into effect any of the great objects of Christian benevolence?

From time to time it will be our duty, as our pleasure, to report those events and circumstances on which our hopes are founded, and on which they love to dwell. We believe there is scarcely a country on the European Continent which the Tracts of the Peace Society have not reached, and they have found in all, friends who have welcomed them and who have felt their appeal. The means of usefulness of that Society seem only bounded by the limitation of its pecuniary means. We believe, and 'we have had extensive opportunities of observation, we believe its publications have done much to destroy the prejudices of pride and ambition, and the power of mischief and malevolence. Such "bread" is not "cast upon the waters" in vain. Those waters may be agitated by storms, and darkened with overhanging clouds; but while they are pregnant with the good seed of truth and virtue, they will in good time bring -forth their harvest of peace and joy, and smiles and sunshine will rest upon them.

We give sundry documents received by the Peace Society, whose originals bear relation to the state of things in France. We are sure they will be acceptable.

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Duke de la Rochefoucauld, at the First General Meeting of the Society of Christian Morals. Annexed to it are the Rules of the Society, the same as appeared in our last Annual Report; and a list of the members of the Administrative Council, and of subscribers residing in France and foreign parts, including names of the first respectability.

On the 10th inst. I attended a Meeting of the Society; and was struck on entering the place of tended, and the great degree of inmeeting at beholding it so fully atterest which was evidently excited on the occasion. Several documents of considerable importance, and from persons of distinguished merit, were read and referred to the Publishing Committee, to make selections from them for the Periodical of the Society; and with the same object our of which I presented to them several Peace Society's last Annual Report, copies, was referred to the same body. The first number of this. monthly work will be shortly pub lished; and if this take place before copies to England. I expect that it I leave France, I will bring some will be an interesting work, and I think that it will be expedient for our Committee to open a correspondence with the Society, and of the Journal as they can circulate that they will take as many copies with advantage.

As all objects of philanthropy which apply the precepts of Christianity to the social relations of life Christian Morals, and as the African come within the plan of the Society of Slave Trade, though illegal, is still carried on to a dreadful extent, I consulted with some of the gentlemen on the propriety of introducing the subject for the consideration of the Meeting. They approved of its introduction; and the Baron de Staël seconded, in a very able speech, a motion which I made to appoint a Committee to consider of the proceeding which would be the most

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To the President and Committee of the Society of Christian Morals, established at Paris.

London, 8th May 1822. Gentlemen, —The Committee of the Society established in London for the promotion of Permanent and Universal Peace, have watched with exceeding interest the growth and progress of your Society, and hail with unfeigned pleasure its final establishment. They congratulate you, they congratulate themselves, and mankind, on the list of names distinguishing your early labours and see with no common delight, illustrious individuals of widely different religious opinions, all united to carry into effect the great object which interests us all-the dissemination of the most striking and important principles of Christianity.

They offer you the most cordial co-operation; they rejoice to be called on to labour with you in a field so honourable; they feel their own difficulties and disappointments dissipate, when they see rising around them, Societies like your's, offering them the hand of fellowship, and the spirit of sympathy. They cannot despair of the final triumph of truth, when they see so many able advocates engage in its dissemination and defence; and they ardently hope that Christian charity will wing its way over the world, blending all pursuits in an universal philanthropy-teaching nations that they have but one common, one general interest, to which their own is subservient, and eradicating those prejudices and malignant feelings, which have scattered round them misery, desolation, and death..

Our Committee will look with

anxious sympathy on the labours of your Society, and will communicate them to the world whenever they shall be in accordance (as we doubt not they will always be) with the great subjects of our mutual regard. They trust that your communications will be active and uninterrupted; and whenever your Society shall publish has been made, they will give it the Periodical to which a reference every encouragement in their power: Meanwhile they avail themselves of this occasion, to send six copies of the New Series of The Herald of Peace, whose pages they hope will be adorned by the reports of your future proceedings, and in which they are about to print a translation of your President's most interesting


The Committee beg to thank you for the friendly reception which you have given to such of their Mem bers as have had the honour of being present at any of your sittings. By such associations among those who are honest and zealous in the cause of truth, which is the cause of Peace, they hope to see or to prepare the way for the final extirpation of the malevolent affections called into action under their most terrible and viz. in interoutrageous form, national war.

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Gentlemen, the Committee salute you with fraternal regard, and I feel happy myself in being their organ on this occasion. Accept my respects. JOHN BOWRING,

Foreign Secretary.>

The Committee of the Society of Christian
Mcrals, to Mr. John Bowring, Foreign
Secretary of the Peace Society in London.

Paris, 16th May 1822, SIR,-We have received with the most lively interest, the fraternal communication which the London Peace Society has so obligingly transmitted to us. We think that the frequent intercourse which will, without doubt, be established between the two Societies, cannot fail

of producing the most happy effect, and that the ultimate result will be

the propagation of the sublime principles of Christian Morals, which, when once universally received and practised, must effect the establishment of permanent and universal peace among the children of the same God. We congratulate our selves that we act in concert with the respectable Peace Society to effect an object so very desirable; and it is to us a delightful spectacle to see two great Nations united in promoting the happiness of the human kind. Receive our thanks, Sir, for the proposal of the Peace Society to publish the result of our labours in their interesting and valuable periodical work, The Herald of Peace; also for their promise of sending to us several copies of the same. We have the pleasure to send to you six of the first number of the Periodical Work which we have published.

We have seen with the most lively pleasure and fraternal interest, Members of your Society taking their seat among us, and assisting us in our deliberations. It is by this union, that the friends of humanity among every nation' will be able to promote, through the influence of christianity, the happiness of mankind. May our intercourse with each other form one of the links of this grand association, which will contribute towards making peace, happiness, and every virtue which flows from the holy precepts of the gospel, reign among men.

I congratulate myself, Sir, on being commissioned to transmit to you the sentiments and views of the Society, and I pray you to receive the assurance of our high consideration and fraternal regard.

CHARLES COQUEREL, One of the Secretaries of the Society for the application of the Christian Precepts to the Social Relations of Life.



Paris, 22d April, 1822.

THE design of the authors of the Encyclopedique Review, is to give a correct portraiture of the present state and of the progress of civilization among mankind; to enable the different nations to take a comparative view of its course, and to avail themselves of the information which will be conveyed by their relative and comparative position. Disquisitions upon the Sciences, Letters, Arts, &c.; the giving publicity to the labours of Societies which cultivate the various branches of human knowledge, or which endeavour to promote the public good; are only the means by which they seek to advance their great end, which differs from that of your Association only by presenting the same object in a different position.

The authors of the Review will hasten therefore to circulate your valuable writings; and they propose to you a regular correspondence, promising to pay every attention to your communications.


I cordially salute you, JULLIEN.


MY DEAR FRIEND;—I waited for your arrival in England to return you my thanks for having procured my admission as a member of your respectable Society for the establishment of Universal Peace. Your design is as noble as it is beneficial. I shall be happy to contribute 'to-' wards it so far as my feeble means will allow; and my fellow-labourers in the Encyclopedique Review authorize me to offer you their cooperation through their work, to give success to your labours, of which, if it be agreeable, we will regularly give you an account. Your much devoted JULLIEN.

To Mr. John Bowring, Secretary of the Peace Society.

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