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amount annual annum army assessed average beer Britain British burden capital cent CHAPTER charged civil classes coffee colonies commerce Commons considerable consists consumed consumption continued cost Customs debt direct duty effect England estimated Excise expenditure exports extent fact finances foreign France French fund further gallons give Government granted greater head House important imposed income increase indirect industry interest Ireland Italy labour land laws less levied limited loans manufactures materials means measures middle natural nearly necessary obtained officers paid period persons political population portion present principles produce progress proportion protection quantity raised receiving reduced respect revenue salaries Scotland ships sources spirits sugar taxation tion trade United Kingdom upper upwards various wealth whilst whole wine
Page 28 - The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities ; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state.
Page 244 - King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows : — GRANTS OUT OF CONSOLIDATED FUND 1.
Page 238 - No scutage or aid shall be imposed in our kingdom, unless by the general council of our kingdom ; except for ransoming our person, making our eldest son a knight, and once for marrying our eldest daughter; and for these there shall be paid a reasonable aid.
Page 89 - It is true I cannot prevent the introduction of the flowing poison ; gain-seeking and corrupt men will for profit and sensuality, defeat my wishes ; but nothing will induce me to derive a revenue from the vice and misery of my people.
Page 131 - Taxes upon the sale of land fall altogether upon the seller. The seller is almost always under the necessity of selling, and must, therefore, take such a price as he can get. The buyer is scarce ever under the necessity of buying, and will, therefore, only give such a price as he likes. He considers what the land will cost him in tax and price together. The more he is obliged to pay in the way 01 tax, the less he will be disposed to give in the way of price.
Page 41 - Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to take out and keep out of the pockets of the people as little as possible over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the State.
Page 239 - That levying money for or to the use of the crown, by pretence of prerogative, without grant of parliament, for longer time or in other manner than the same is or shall be granted, is illegal.
Page 132 - For the general prosperity, there cannot be too much facility given to the conveyance and exchange of all kinds of property, as it is by such means that capital of every species is likely to find its way into the hands of those, who will best employ it in increasing the productions of the country. " Why,