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sternly and unyieldingly upon the two figures at their feet, long strivers, evidently pleading for the admission that is denied them. There are two definite, distinct, and different ways in which these two allegories can be interpreted. One is that mankind ever lives in the world of the senses, pursuing the gratifications of the now, the feastings, the drinkings, the carousings, the pleasuring, the wantonings of the sense-life, the sensual life, and that such a pursuit is ever doomed to failure, for man-the spiritual, created in God's own image can never be satisfied with the temporary things of earth and sense.

The other interpretation is that man is ever seeking for some far-off, great, extraordinary pleasure, joy, or satisfaction, something in the future, rather than living in the smaller joys of the now. The child longs to be the youth or maiden, enjoying "sitting up at nights," "going to parties," "eating candies," "going out with the boys," "smoking like a man"; the youth eagerly works for the time when he shall be his own master, control his own business; the maiden have her lover, marry successfully, become the mistress of her own house; the grown man looks forward to and works desperately for the time when he shall have "made his pile," and the woman to " 'an assured place in society." These, and a thousand and one "pursuits," engage men and women.

In my own life I am eagerly desirous to radiate the opposite of both of these conceptions. I certainly do not wish to belong to the class pictured in Christ's parable of the rich man; he who thought only of the socalled good things of this life which he would enjoy now-he who said: "Let us eat, drink, and be merry, for to-morrow we die." The slightest observation of life, of the men and women one meets daily, soon convinces one of the hollowness, the dissatisfaction, the incompleteness of all earthly things. The subject is too trite to need any amplification. Yet, the wonder of it is that, in spite of this fact, the great majority of people still thus strive for wealth, place, power, honor, social success, possessions, attainments. Why is it that this ignis fatuus has such power of allurement? Why is it that men and women are so foolish, so slow to rule their actions by their own inner spiritual awakenings, rather than the habits and fashions followed by others?

I have no desire or ambition for fame, for honor, for success, for place, for power, as such. They are useless to me save as I may use them for the benefit, the happiness, the pleasure of my fellows. I am slowly awakening to the realization of what I believe now to be a primal fact, viz., that all a man can really hold and enjoy in his living hand, in his soul, in his life, is that which he gives away, shares, distributes among his fellows. Elsewhere I have quoted Joaquin Miller's lines from Peter Cooper:

"For all you can hold in your dead, cold hand,

Is what you have given away."

I now wish to radiate my belief in the enlargement of that idea as stated above. Even knowledge can give no real satisfaction unless shared, given to others; the joy of a picture owned is lost unless others can enjoy with you. In other words, the possession of anything for self alone is destructive of happiness. One learns slowly but surely that even in these things of the mind and the soul:

"That man who lives for self alone Lives for the meanest mortal known."

Citizens of No Mean City

LONG before Paul uttered the words recorded in Acts 21:39 it was customary to recognize gifts and services to the State, as Professor Edward D. Perry aptly remarked in his address at the recent Columbia University Commencement exercises. Gifts and services are as varied as are the needs of human life. While every man or woman may not receive honorary citizenship at the hands of a great university, everyone can fill a niche in the reconstruction and regeneration of the world we live in.

"The granting of honorary citizenship is one of the oldest forms of compliment known to the civilization which we have inherited. We know from inscriptional records still remaining that the city-states of Greece, as early, doubtless, as five hundred years before Christ, chose this method of expressing their gratitude to citizens of other communities for services rendered. The persons thus distinguished were styled 'Benefactors of the State,' and many special privileges were granted them, which under the conditions then prevailing were felt to be substantial advantages.

"The modern university long ago became

a civitas academica, a state within a State, yet with boundaries that somewhat paradoxically spread far beyond those of the greater unit, the nation, endlessly overlapping and intertwining. In effect the boundaries of the academic state ceased to be boundaries at all, so that the university became, in a far truer sense than when it first received this name, universal. Its interests and its tasks are those of the human race. It can not be, like the ancient citystate, self-centered and jealous of its neighbors. Only the jealousy of its good name, of its achievements for the benefit of mankind, is permitted to it. When it would enlarge its honorary citizenship, it must select for designation as benefactors of the State not only those who have done services to itself, but also, and indeed chiefly, such men and women as have furthered the welfare of the world at large. On this great list of the eligible must stand the names of all who have helped their fellow men either spiritually or materially, of those who have made the world a better place to live in and of those who have made us worthier to live in it.

"Thus the university may summon to citizenship a clergyman who has been quietly yet conspicuously successful in drawing men closer to each other and to their maker; and a man who is already a master of the subtlest and most comprehensive of the arts, who has for many years nobly produced the finest works of the drama. She may find another in control of a great public journal, which he has made a steadily working power for good in the land; others in the profession of arms, doing inestimable service not only in equipping our nation against assault, but also in disarming the suspicion and hostility of those who have been at war with

us.

She may call another from the laborious investigation of physical laws, from his unwearying struggle to push back the limits of our knowledge of the universe. She sees with admiration a public-spirited woman laboring year after year with selfsacrificing devotion and sympathetic insight to solve the innumerable and ever-changing problems of social betterment, showing how life may be enriched for the unfortunate. She sees how an upright and learned magistrate, with sure grasp of the fundamentals and the details of jurisprudence, guides men aright amid the mazes of the law; and she acclaims the ambassador who, suddenly called upon, among the turmoils and fears

of a world at war over night, to be all things unto men, performs with infinite patience and courage and tact new duties indescribably complicated and delicate.

"Such, Mr. President, are the persons whom this, our academic state, has now seen fit to make her honorary citizens, and upon whom she now asks you to confer the appropriate distinction. She is grateful to them because in benefiting the world they have become to her also benefactors of the State, and she is proud that by their presence here to-day they signify their willingness to become members of her body politic. She promises them all the privileges that she can give, indeed, she has already bestowed upon them, and they have accepted, one of those most highly prized in antiquity, the proedria, or right of front seats at public ceremonies; and because she remembers their illustrious predecessors in her roll of honor she hopes that these, her newest citizens, also will hold themselves, like St. Paul, to be citizens of no mean city."

Man More Than He Seems

JESUS idealized human nature. Man was more to him than he seemed. He might be ugly, miserable, and sinful; but he was made to be beautiful, happy, and good. Had he looked merely at things as they are, he must have despaired of human nature; for no one ever has had such a keen sense of the injustice and cruelties of life or the abysmal depths of sin as had Jesus of Nazareth. But even in the worst injustice and blackest sin he divined a star of hope. Man might be bad; but he was the son of God. He might have wandered into the far country; but back in the recesses of his soul were hidden the memories of the Father's house, waiting at the right touch to lift him up from the swine and turn his weary feet homeward. The coin might be lost; but it was still a coin, bearing beneath all the filth and grime the image and superscription of the King. And even to the drunkard in the gutter and the harlot on the street it could be said: "Be ye therefore perfect."-H. D. MAC

LACHLAN.

THE CHILDREN'S SERVICE

SAND

The Rev. STUART NYE HUTCHINSON, Norfolk, Va.

As the sand which is on the sea shore.Gen. 22:17.

IN Pilgrim's Progress we are told about the hill Difficulty. It was a high, hard hill which every one had to climb, if he would make the most of his life. Of course, there are some people who do not care whether they ever do any better or are any better. They are satisfied to stay at the bottom all their lives, but for the boy or girl who is seeking the best things, life is like the climbing of a hill that is steep and rough.

There are two things that we all need if we are ever to reach the top. One is sand. When you hear some one say that a certain boy has plenty of "sand," you know what he means, but perhaps you do not know just where that expression came from.

One of the greatest powers of which we know is that of the waves along the sea shore. Half way between Cape Henry and Virginia Beach there lies the wreck of a great ship, one hundred and fifty feet long. It was lifted up by the waves and thrown high up on the beach. There is almost nothing that can stand before the power of the waves. If they make a bulkhead of piles or stone or concrete, it will last a few years and will then be undermined and washed away. Men have never found anything that can long hold the waves back. But God has made a bulkhead that waves can not pass. It is the sand. The sand can stand against the waves, and it is the only thing that we know that can.

Sand in a boy or girl is the courage and power to stand up before things that are hard. It is the ability to say "no" when temptation comes along, and to mean it. It is the power to take some hard work and

stick to it and hold on till it is conquered.

You see some day a street-car starting up a long grade. Before the car begins to climb the conductor goes and looks at the sand-box. He will not start up the hill unless there is plenty of sand in the box. Without sand the car will slip back before it reaches the top.

Some boys never can play football. They have the weight, and the strength, and the speed, but they haven't the sand. And there are some people who never get anywhere in life. They have good bodies and plenty of brains and opportunity. But they lack sand. Now you are all starting out to climb the hill of life before you. Never forget that you must have sand.

And there is something else that we need. Oftentimes we need help. We can not do our work alone.

There was a little boy who was trying to lift a heavy stone. He could not budge it. Just then his father came along and watched him. At last he said to the boy, “Are you using all your strength?" "Yes," answered the boy, "I am using all of it." "No," said his father, "you are not using all of it." So the little fellow tried again, this time harder than ever, and he moved the stone a little, but still he could not lift it. His father said again to him, "You are not using all of your strength." The boy said, "Yes, I am, father." "No," said the father, "you haven't asked me to help yet." The boy had forgotten that his father's strength was his strength, too, and that he could ask for it and have it if he needed it. In the same way let us remember that God's strength is our strength, and that we can have that strength to help us if we need it.

OUTLINES

OUTDOOR MESSAGES FOR THE INNER LIFE

Mountain Echoes of Divine
Care

As the mountains are round about Jerusalem,
so the Lord, &c.-Ps. 125:2.

"SERMONS in stones" were not altogether original with the Bard of Avon. Long before, this poetic mind, looking upon the hills surrounding Zion, could be conscious of a message for his nation as well as himself. The text is suggestive of:

I. The Divine Nearness! This is unobtrusive, noiseless, yet inspiring in sublimity; growing in reality with the years. It takes time to grasp the neighborliness of a mountain, also patience to "practise the presence of God." Is not this the psalmist's idea of "fear"?

II. Vigilance in sentinel duty-like Gibraltar; serving as a barrier to lesser forces. Confusing the forces of unrighteousness while lifting life higher. Such has been God's watchfulness.

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The Sovereign of the Sea

The sea is his, and he made it.-Ps. 95:5. One of the diplomatic questions confronting the nations to-day is, "The Inalienable Rights to the Seas." When we pass out of the harbor beyond the "three-mile limit" we enter that broad realm where man is more directly responsible to the Supreme Authority. This sovereignty is not only by right of creation, but because God is:

I. Preeminently Capable; no human sovereign being thus qualified. Watch the breaker rushing toward the shore like a beast upon its prey. Who can stop it, save him who "setteth the bounds" of the oceans,

Yet he vouchsafes "freedom within limits" even as he has given to man. Hence idolatry, slavery, intemperance have appeared at times threatening to sweep the earth, until a voice seemed to say, "Thus far and no farther." "Say among the heathen "-of our cities and universities-"the Lord reigneth."

II. It is Impossible to Evade His Authority. Jonah tried it. People who move to a new community may avoid the church, but not responsibility to God.

III. The Comforts of Submission: "Take the wings of the morning." Human ingenuity has devised wonderful systems for keeping trace of little things; e.g., automobile parts through great factory. How much more the "Sovereign of the seas." "Not a sparrow falleth."

"I know not where his islands lift their fronded palms in air,

I only know I can not drift beyond his love and care."

Springs and Palm-Trees for
Life's Journey

And they came to Elim, &c.-Ex. 15:27.

As a matter of ancient history this narrative may not appeal. But as a symbol of every life journey it should have consideration. Every life begins in a form of bondage; and must continue through desert wastes; yet there are always oases.

I. A Candid Examination of Experience compels this acknowledgment. Psalmist admits the " green pastures" before the "valley of the shadow." All springs and palms would make a jungle. Some twentieth-century homes are jungles. Divine provision for every "need"; but not every "want." Israel complained of lack of cucumbers but overlooked large liberty for worship and national development.

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Longer Journey. Israel's experience: longer reaches of faith and deeper conceptions of God come with patient endurance. Wilderness discipline is portal to heavenly "promised land." There larger possibilities await the life of faith.

Watered Gardens-for Everybody

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If thou draw out thy soul thou shalt be like a watered garden.-Isa. 58:10, 11. In that land of salt seas and desert wastes, watered gardens were not so frequent as we see them around us. Rare privilege to possess such-in physical sense, but possible for every "soul"; then as now.

I. A Refreshing Possibility. Mrs. HeganRice has pictured "Miss Viney's garden" in Lovey Mary as a soul possibility. When same is acquired it imparts (1) the uplooking habit; not famished and drooping, but strengthened and optimistic-"Looking unto Jesus"; man's part. (2) Take out the weeds of selfishness; grow sympathetic motives: also man's part (3) wonderful variety-not a corn-field, but a garden. But, "mix a little sunshine with everything" is a gardener's motto-worth remembering in soul culture. Intensifies colors and enriches the fragrance.

II. Result-wider influence. Fragrance and beauty are more eloquent than mere commercial value. Life does not always show "worth" in dollars; but the unfolding of the soul makes "worth" in the sight of "the Great Gardener," who is interested in the "planting of the Lord."

III. Constructive Effects. "Build the old wastes" (verse 12). "Repairer of the breach." Surely manifest in the lives that respond to this invitation-religion's constructive effect.

Peace as a River

O that thou hadst harkened . . then had thy peace been as a river.-Isa. 48:18. The last year has witnessed many forms of "peace" expression-congresses, essays, prayers; all referring to cessation of arms. Yet this realization would mean only one step taken. It is really a much more fundamental question. Part of divine plan for the world is this "peace as a river."

I. Orderly Movement, not listless inertia.

Not the peace of the stagnant pool, but that of the majestic river, was offered Israel. Ferment of decay lurks in many a tranquil civilization; as Babylon. Needs stirring of Christ's leadership. Not entire freedom from obstacles, but leadership to surmount. Such is the "peace not as the world giveth."

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II. Leads Away from Self into broader channel of human helpfulness, which gives greater depths. Two phases-peace of surrender" "and of "conquest." As Nile tributaries surrender to conquer later in beneficent blessing the sands of lower Egypt, so members of the Church of Christ.

III. Cumulative-in strength and tranquillity. From turbulent youthful spirits to tranquil faith of elders. Necessary to "keep in the channel." A restless worker said, "I have two alternatives-to wear out in anxiety or to rust out in impatience." But he had missed the real privilege—of adjustment to the beneficent plan of helpful service which Jesus Christ opened. "He that seeketh to save his life shall lose it."

Leaving the Water-Pots

The woman then left her water-pot, and went her way into the city.-John 4:28.

The Samaritans played an important part in the drama of Christ's life. What was the cause of the enmity between them and the Jews? They were of the same family, "Art thou greater than our father Jacob?" Tho of the same fathers, "the Jews had no dealings with the Samaritans." Children of the same fathers with no dealings between them. Why? (1) The Jews were sent to captivity, but the Samaritans were left behind. Jealousy. (2) The Samaritans offered themselves to rebuild Jerusalem but were refused by the Jews, and built their own temple on Mount Gerizim. And Jerusalem and Gerizim were still instigating that enmity down to the days of Christ. Christ did away with the enmity-Ten lepers; one returned to thank was a Samaritan; parable of good Samaritan; the women of Samaria. A most beautiful dealing of child with child; enmity forgotten.

I. Shows the insufficiency of common things. "The woman then left," &c. (1) Left water-pots of pleasure for Christ. (2) Of culture. (3) Of material good. Christ takes us on leaving everything else.

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